Effect of ACE insertion/deletion and 12 other polymorphisms on clinical outcomes and response to treatment in the LIFE study.
ABSTRACT This pharmacogenetics substudy from the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint reduction in Hypertension study in patients with hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) treated with the angiotensin receptor blocker losartan versus the beta-blocker atenolol for 4.8 years tested whether the insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene and 12 other previously well-characterized polymorphisms of hypertension susceptibility genes affected blood pressure reduction, heart rate reduction, cardiovascular events, and/or response to treatment. These polymorphisms were chosen because they could affect blood pressure control or the pharmacological action of losartan or atenolol.
We genotyped 3503 patients, 1774 on losartan and 1729 on atenolol.
ACE and the 12 other genotypes did not affect the reduction in systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, mean arterial pressure, or heart rate, or treatment differences between losartan and atenolol on these endpoints, as assessed by general linear models. Also, ACE and the 12 other genotypes did not affect risk of the primary composite endpoint or its components stroke, myocardial infarction, and cardiovascular death, or treatment differences between losartan and atenolol on these endpoints, as assessed by Cox proportional hazards models including baseline Framingham risk score and LVH.
ACE insertion/deletion and 12 other polymorphisms of hypertension susceptibility genes did not affect blood pressure reduction, heart rate reduction, or cardiovascular events in patients with hypertension and LVH, or treatment differences between losartan and atenolol on these endpoints. These results suggest that the observed effects of losartan versus atenolol in the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint reduction in hypertension study do not depend on ACE and 12 other polymorphisms of hypertension susceptibility genes.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Aldosterone synthase is a mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of 11-deoxycorticosterone to the potent mineralocorticoid aldosterone. The gene encoding aldosterone synthase, CYP11B2, is associated with essential hypertension. But if the genetic variations in aldosterone synthesis could influence the antihypertensive response to Valsartan is not clear. A Chinese sample of 502 persons (217 women) was studied, which was divided into the hypertensive group (EH) of 345 persons and the normotensive group (NB) of 157 persons. Subjects were genotyped through the use of the polymerase chain reaction for the diallelic polymorphisms in CYP11B2. 98 persons of the essential hypertension group received 4 weeks therapy with valsartan. Blood pressure, 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure, biochemical index were also determined. The frequency of CC+CT genotypes in hypertensive group was significantly higher than that in normotensive group (P<0.05), the frequency of C allele of gene CYP11B2 (-344T/C) in hypertensive group was significantly higher than that in normotensive group (P<0.01). The descending values of SBP (systolic blood pressure), DBP (diastolic blood pressure), MAP (mean arterial pressure), 24 h SBP (mean SBP of 24 hours), 24 h DBP (mean DBP of 24 hours), 24 h MAP (mean arterial pressure of 24 hours) of CC+CT genotype group were significantly higher than those of the TT genotype group (P<0.05). The aldosterone synthase CYP11B2 (-344T/C) gene polymorphism is associated with essential hypertension in Chinese. And the aldosterone synthase CYP11B2 (-344T/C) gene polymorphism may be the predictor of the antihypertensive response to Valsartan.International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 01/2015; 8(1):1173-7. · 1.42 Impact Factor
Circulation Cardiovascular Genetics 08/2013; 6(4):409-12. DOI:10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.112.000010 · 5.34 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The two major classes of drugs that target the RAS are the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and the selective AT1 receptor blockers (ARBs). Although both of these drug classes target angiotensin II, the differences in their mechanisms of action have implications for their effects on other pathways and receptors that may have therapeutic implications. Both ACEIs and ARBs are effective antihypertensive agents that have been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular and renal events. Direct inhibition of renin -the most proximal aspect of the RAS -became clinically feasible from 2007 with the introduction of aliskiren. This latter drug has been shown to be efficacious for the management of hypertension. Combined therapy of direct renin-inhibitors with ACEIs or ARBs has been tested in some clinical situations as congestive HF and proteinuria with diverse results. This article tries to offer an updated review of current knowledge on the use of RAS blocking drugs in clinical settings.Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 09/2013; 19(1). DOI:10.1177/1074248413501018 · 3.07 Impact Factor