A planned hybrid culotte stenting procedure in the setting of an acute STEMI

Staten Island University Hospital, 475 Seaview Avenue, Staten Island, New York 10305, USA.
Cases Journal 11/2009; 2:9104. DOI: 10.1186/1757-1626-2-9104
Source: PubMed


Bifurcation lesions have traditionally presented a unique problem for interventional cardiologists because of their inherent anatomy and risk of closure of the side branch, after a percutaneous intervention for the primary lesion of the main branch.
We report the case of a 57-year-old man who presented with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction secondary to a 100% occlusion at the ostium of first diagonal (D1) branch. Patient also had a 70% stenosis of the mid-segment of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery at the D1 branching point (1,1,1 Medina classification). A bare metal stent (BMS) was deployed at the site of the culprit lesion in the D1, while a drug eluting stent (DES) was placed in the LAD. We believe that the BMS at the culprit thrombotic, inflamed site in D1 is more likely to re endothelialize than a DES and the DES in the LAD, is less likely to re-stenose than a BMS.
This is the only reported case, where in the setting of an acute ST elevation myocardial infarction, a hybrid Culotte technique was successfully performed with excellent long-term results, thus achieving an acceptable balance of risks between restenosis (in the case of a BMS) and stent thrombosis (in the case of a DES).

Download full-text


Available from: Roberto Baglini, Oct 04, 2015
16 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate two different stent placement techniques for bifurcation lesions: 1) stenting of the main branch and balloon dilatation of the sidebranch versus 2) stenting of both branches. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of coronary bifurcation lesions remains challenging, and limited information is available regarding whether stent placement is necessary in both branches of the bifurcation using bare-metal stents. Methods. We prospectively followed all patients who underwent PCI for symptomatic bifurcation lesions at our center. All patients were carefully followed for subsequent clinical events. Between March 2001 and November 2002, a total of 50 patients were treated with either stenting of both vessels (double stent group; n = 32) or stenting of the parent vessel and balloon angioplasty of the sidebranch (single stent group; n = 18). Optimal angiographic success was 87.5% in the single stent group and 100% in the double stent group (p = 0.1). The post-procedure percent diameter stenosis of the sidebranch vessel was significantly higher in the single stent group (18 +/- 25% versus 4 +/- 8%; p = 0.005). At 6 months, the incidence of clinically driven repeat target lesion revascularization was 37.6% with 2 stents as compared to 5.6% using 1 stent (p = 0.01). Angiographic restenosis was documented in 40.6% using 2 bifurcation stents, as compared to 11% when using 1 stent (p = 0.05). By multivariable analysis adjusted for baseline differences, stenting the sidebranch was a borderline predictor for major adverse cardiac events at 6 months (odds ratio = 10.3; 95% confidence interval, 0.9-116; p = 0.053). For the treatment of true bifurcation lesions, a strategy of stenting both vessels using bare metal stents seems to be associated with worse long-term results, as compared to stenting only the parent vessel.
    The Journal of invasive cardiology 10/2004; 16(9):447-50. · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess the risk and clinical relevance of side branch (SB) occlusion during angioplasty (PTCA) we attempted PTCA of major branches (MB) without protection of lesion-associated large (> or = 1.8 mm) SBs in 67 patients (50 men). There were 32 patients with unstable angina and 35 with stable angina. Their mean age was 55 years (range 31-77). There were 69 SBs: 43 with severe ostium stenosis (type A); 6 with severe non ostial stenosis (type B); and 20 with no or slight nonostial stenosis (type C). PTCA of the MB was successful in all but one patient who underwent acute bypass surgery. After MB PTCA occlusion occurred in 10 SBs (7A, 1B, 2C) and was asymptomatic in 5. Recanalization and dilatation was successful in 4 out of 5 symptomatic SB occlusions. A single patient developed a non-q wave myocardial infarction. PTCA was also attempted in 21 diseased SBs and failed in one. 21 SBs remained severely stenotic and 6 occluded. During follow-up symptomatic MB restenosis occurred in 12 patients, associated with restenosis in 4 out of 6 dilated SBs. Four patients underwent bypass surgery and 8 repeat successful PTCA. The SB was redilated in 2 cases and occluded silently in one. Angiography in 16 asymptomatic patients showed moderate MB restenosis in 3 and SB occlusion in 2. At 2.2 years follow-up 60 (89%) patients were asymptomatic with a normal exercise test and/or maintained angiographic result. Angioplasty of bifurcational lesions without SB protection can be effectively performed with a low rate of complications and a favourable long-term outcome.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis 11/1992; 27(3):191-6. DOI:10.1002/ccd.1810270307
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess the risk of side branch occlusion during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), 600 consecutive procedures were analyzed. On the basis of pre-PTCA angiograms of 557 patients in whom the balloon was actually inflated, 365 side branches in 302 patients (54% of patients) were deemed in jeopardy. A total of 122 side branches in 102 patients (18%) originated from the lesion segment itself, i.e., their take-off was narrowed (Group I, 33% of side branches at risk), whereas 243 side branches in 214 patients (38%) originated from the immediate vicinity of the stenosis in a way that they were subjected to temporary occlusion during balloon dilatation (Group II, 67% of side branches at risk). Patency of side branches was determined by consensus of 2 observers. Criteria for occlusion were disappearance, filling by collaterals, or stagnation of flow. After PTCA, 20 of 365 side branches (5%) were occluded and associated with chest pain in 5 patients, creatine kinase increase in 6, left anterior hemiblock, septal Q waves and transient atrial fibrillation in 1 and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia in 1 of the 20 patients. Exercise tolerance did not decrease. No local predilection for side branch occlusion was evident. Seventeen of 122 side branches (14%) occluded in Group I, compared with 3 of 243 (1%) in Group II (p less than 0.001). Thus, more than half of the patients who underwent PTCA had side branches at risk for iatrogenic occlusion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    The American Journal of Cardiology 02/1984; 53(1):10-4. DOI:10.1016/0002-9149(84)90675-1 · 3.28 Impact Factor
Show more