Disparities in injury death location for people with epilepsy/seizures
ABSTRACT Wide variation has been reported in the proportion of injury deaths occurring during the prehospital phase. Potential disparities in where injured people with epilepsy and seizure disorders die have not been examined. We compared location of death between injured patients with epilepsy and seizure disorders and similar patients without epilepsy/seizures and tested the hypothesis that injured people with epilepsy/seizures are more likely to die outside of a hospital or health care setting.
U.S. vital statistics (mortality) data from the multiple cause of death files of the National Center for Health Statistics were analyzed. Patients less than 65 years of age at death who had injury as the underlying cause of death were included. Multinomial logistic regression was used to assess location of death, controlling for patient and injury characteristics.
Controlling for potential confounders, people with epilepsy/seizures were more likely to die at home from unintentional injuries (relative risk ratio [RRR]=1.51, P<0.001) and less likely to die in public places (RRR=0.27, P<0.001). People with epilepsy/seizures were less likely to die at home or in public places from suicide, but significantly more likely to die at home from homicide (RRR=2.29, P<0.001). By mechanism of injury, people with epilepsy/seizures were more likely to die at home from drowning (RRR=2.35, P<0.001).
Disparities in where injured people with epilepsy/seizures die deserve further attention. Identifying the underlying causes of these disparities will allow for the development of targeted prevention interventions.
Article: CSI: epilepsy.Epilepsy & Behavior 03/2010; 17(3):307-8. DOI:10.1016/j.yebeh.2009.12.019 · 2.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The goal of our study was to compare the incidence of motor vehicle accidents (MVA), attempted or completed suicides, and injuries inflicted by others between individuals with and without epilepsy. Individuals with and without epilepsy were identified using linked administrative databases between 1996 and 2003 in a Canadian health region with a 1.4 million population. We used a validated epilepsy case definition: anyone who had 2 physician claims, one hospitalization, or one emergency room visit coded with an International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9-CM or ICD-10 epilepsy code any time during a 2-year period. Four subjects without epilepsy were matched to one patient with epilepsy by age (within 1 year) and sex. The incidence of MVAs, attempted or completed suicides, and inflicted injuries was assessed in 2003-2004. Outcomes were adjusted using the Elixhauser comorbidity index. A total of 10,240 individuals with epilepsy and 40,960 individuals without epilepsy were identified. Mean age was 39.0 ± 21.3 years (range 0.12-99.4) and 48.5% were female. One-year odds ratios before and after adjustment for comorbidity were 1.83 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.33-2.54) and 1.38 (95% CI 0.97-1.96) for MVAs, 4.32 (95% CI 2.79-6.69) and 1.32 (95% CI 0.81-2.15) for attempted or completed suicides, and 3.54 (95% CI 2.66-4.72) and 1.46 (95% CI 1.04-2.03) for injuries inflicted by others. In this cohort-controlled population-based study, once important medical and psychiatric comorbidities were adjusted for, people with epilepsy were not more likely to attempt suicide or experience MVAs, but were still more likely to be assaulted compared to those without epilepsy.Neurology 02/2011; 76(9):801-6. DOI:10.1212/WNL.0b013e31820e7b3b · 8.30 Impact Factor
- Neurology 02/2011; 76(9):770-1. DOI:10.1212/WNL.0b013e31820e7be6 · 8.30 Impact Factor