Unusual oxygen binding behavior of a 24-meric crustacean hemocyanin.

Institute for Molecular Biophysics, University of Mainz, Germany.
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics (Impact Factor: 3.04). 03/2010; 495(2):112-21. DOI: 10.1016/
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Hemocyanins from Crustacea usually are found as 1x6 or 2x6-meric assemblies. An exception is the hemocyanin isolated from thalassinidean shrimps where the main component is a 24-meric structure. Our analysis of oxygen binding data of the thalassinidean shrimp Upogebia pusilla based on a three-state MWC-model revealed that despite the 24-meric structure the functional properties can be described very well based on the hexamer as allosteric unit. In contrast to the hemocyanins from other thalassinidean shrimps the oxygen affinity of hemocyanin from U. pusilla is increased upon addition of l-lactate. A particular feature of this hemocyanin seems to be that l-lactate already enhances oxygen affinity under resting conditions which possibly compensates the rather low intrinsic affinity observed in absence of l-lactate. The fast rate of oxygen dissociation might indicate that in this hemocyanin a higher cooperativity is less important than a fast response of saturation level to changes in oxygen concentration.

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    ABSTRACT: Cooperative effects in ligand binding and dissociation kinetics are much less investigated than steady state kinetics or equilibrium binding. Nevertheless, cooperativity in ligand binding leads necessarily to characteristic properties with respect to kinetic properties of the system. In case of positive cooperativity as found in oxygen binding proteins, a typical property is an autocatalytic ligand dissociation behavior leading to a time dependent, apparent ligand dissociation rate. To follow systematically the influence of the various potentially involved parameters on this characteristic property, simulations based on the simple MWC model were performed which should be relevant for all types of models based on the concept of an allosteric unit. In cases where the initial conformational distribution is very much dominated by the R-state, the intrinsic kinetic properties of the T-state are of minor influence for the observed ligand dissociation rate. Even for fast conformational transition rates, the R-state properties together with the size of the allosteric unit and the allosteric equilibrium constant define the shape of the curve. In such a case, a simplified model of the MWC-scheme (the irreversible n-chain model) is a good approximation of the full scheme. However, if in the starting conformational distribution some liganded T-molecules are present (a few percent is enough), the average off-rates can be significantly altered. Thus, the assignment of the initial rates to R-state properties has to be done with great care. However, if the R-state strongly dominates initially it is even possible to get an estimation of the lower limit for the number of interacting subunits from kinetic data: similar to the Hill-coefficient for equilibrium conditions, a measure for "kinetic cooperativity" can be derived by comparing initial and final ligand dissociation rates.
    International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Life 05/2011; 63(5):329-36. · 2.79 Impact Factor

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