Fragmentation of plumeran indole alkaloids from Aspidosperma spruceanum by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.
ABSTRACT The fragmentation of six plumeran indole alkaloids (PIAs) previously isolated from Aspidosperma spruceanum has been investigated by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) in the positive ion mode. The fragmentation pathways have been established on the basis of MS/MS experiments using fragment ions generated in-source and deuterium-labeled alkaloids as precursor ions and on the basis of accurate mass measurements. Our results demonstrated that the fragmentation routes observed for the protonated PIAs are essentially derived from a pericyclic reaction and from the opening of rings D and E, followed by 1,4-hydrogen rearrangements. Product ions resulting from radical eliminations were also observed, contrary to the 'even-electron rule'. Our data reveals that some product ions from protonated PIAs provide crucial information for the characterization of the acyl substituent at N-1, the methoxyl and hydroxyl groups at the aromatic moiety, and give evidence of an ether bridge between C-18 and C-21. The data reported here were used for the dereplication of these compounds in a stem bark methanolic extract of Aspidosperma spruceanum.
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ABSTRACT: The goal of the study was to evaluate the ability of filamentous fungi to biotransform the pentacyclic triterpene lupeol. The microbial transformations were carried out in shake flasks in different media. Experiments were also run with control flasks. Samples of each culture were taken every 24 hours, extracted with ethyl acetate, and analyzed by GC-MS. The biotransformation of lupeol by Aspergillus ochraceus and Mucor rouxii afforded two compounds in each culture, which were detected in the cultures developed for more than seven days only in the Koch's K1 medium. The obtained data demonstrated that A. ochraceus is a good biocatalyst to introduce double bonds in the lupeol structure, whereas M. rouxii exhibits ability to biocatalyze oxygen insertions in that pentacyclic triterpene. Mass spectrometry was demonstrated to be an efficient analytical method to select promising biocatalysts for the compound investigated in this study. The biotransformation processes were influenced by the culture medium and incubation period. The obtained results open the perspective of using A. ochraceus and M. rouxii in pentacyclic triterpene biotransformations.Molecules 01/2010; 15(9):6140-51. · 2.39 Impact Factor