A time-saving technique for specimen extraction in sleeve gastrectomy.
ABSTRACT Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), first intended as the first step of biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS), is gaining popularity as a per-se procedure because of its effectiveness on weight loss and comorbidity resolution. The extraction of the gastrectomy specimen could be challenging and time-consuming. Different techniques have been described for specimen withdrawal. In this article we report the technique adopted in more than 250 LSGs performed in our department.
In the first 90 LSGs performed in our department from October 2002, the specimen was extracted in a retrieval bag using an endoloop. In the following 160 cases the technique has been simplified: the grasped specimen is withdrawn through the 15-mm trocar site without any additional device.
We registered only two cases of wound infection (1.2%) with the simplified technique, both occurring in the initial cases. There were no cases of trocar site hernia formation.
The technique described does not require any special devices and seems to be simpler, saves time, and is cost effective if compared with other techniques previously reported.
- Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases 05/2013; 9(3):361–362. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with or without hiatal hernia (HH) is now recognized as an obesity-related co-morbidity. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass has been proved to be the most effective bariatric procedure for the treatment of morbidly obese patients with GERD and/or HH. In contrast, the indication for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in these patients is still debated. Our objective was to report our experience with 97 patients who underwent SG and HH repair (HHR). The setting was a university hospital in Italy. METHODS: From July 2009 to December 2011, 378 patients underwent a preoperative workup for SG. In 97 patients, SG was performed with HHR. The clinical outcome was evaluated considering GERD symptom resolution or improvement, interruption of antireflux medications, and radiographic evidence of HH recurrence. RESULTS: Before surgery, symptomatic GERD was present in 60 patients (15.8%), and HH was diagnosed in 42 patients (11.1%). In 55 patients (14.5%), HH was diagnosed intraoperatively. The mean follow-up was 18 months. GERD remission occurred in 44 patients (73.3%). In the remaining 16 patients, antireflux medications were diminished, with complete control of symptoms in 5 patients. No HH recurrences developed. "De novo" GERD symptoms developed in 22.9% of the patients undergoing SG alone compared with 0% of patients undergoing SG plus HHR. CONCLUSION: SG with HHR is feasible and safe, providing good management of GERD in obese patients with reflux symptoms. Small hiatal defects could be underdiagnosed at preoperative endoscopy and/or upper gastrointestinal contrast study. Thus, a careful examination of the crura is always recommended intraoperatively.Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases 06/2012; · 4.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Introduction: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become an increasingly popular bariatric procedure in the pediatric population worldwide. The fear of complications, postoperative pain, and recovery remain the reservations for wider application of surgery in morbidly obese children. We present a novel technique for LSG remnant retrieval. Materials and Methods: The patient was a 16-year old girl with a body mass index of 55 kg/m(2) and significant comorbidities who underwent LSG and liver biopsy. In the extraction technique, a specimen containing the gastric body and fundus, approximately 80% of the stomach volume, was partitioned longitudinally and intracorporeally with endoshears; subsequently, it was retrieved in one fragment via the lumen of a 15-mm port. Results: The procedure time was 65 minutes (specimen extraction time was 7 minutes). Her recovery was uneventful, and she was discharged home on the second postoperative day. At the 1-, 3-, and 6-month follow-up, she has shown all the benefits of weight loss and associated improvement in metabolic parameters and quality of life, without any complications. Conclusions: This technique for gastric remnant retrieval results in minimizing postoperative pain, reducing operative costs, and minimizing the likelihood of wound infection.Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 10/2014; 24(10):735-737. · 1.19 Impact Factor