Pharmacokinetics of orally administered ABT-751 in children with neuroblastoma and other solid tumors.
ABSTRACT To describe the pharmacokinetics of orally administered ABT-751 and its conjugated metabolites in children with neuroblastoma and other solid tumors and to relate pharmacokinetic parameters to toxicity and therapeutic outcomes.
Patients (median age, 11 years) with neuroblastoma (n = 37) or other solid tumors (n = 25) had pharmacokinetic sampling after the first dose of ABT-751 (75-250 mg/m(2)/day) on a 7-day or 21-day schedule. ABT-751 and its glucuronide and sulfate metabolites were quantified with an HPLC/MS/MS assay. Pharmacokinetic parameters were derived with non-compartmental methods. The relative bioavailability of more water soluble capsule and suspension formulations was assessed.
ABT-751 peaked in plasma at 2 h and declined monoexponentially with a t (1/2) of 5.1 h. The apparent clearance was 33 ml/min/m(2) and was age-independent. The AUC(0-infinity) increased in proportion to the dose, and at 200 mg/m(2) the median AUC(0-infinity) was 91 mcg h/ml and the C (ave) was 3.9 mcg/ml. Inter-and intra-patient variability was low. The metabolites were detected in plasma 30 min post-dose and peaked 3-5 h after the dose. The glucuronide:sulfate molar AUC(0-infinity) ratio was 0.57. Less than 1% of the dose was excreted in urine as parent drug; 13% of the dose was excreted as sulfate metabolite and 10% as glucuronide metabolite. The relative bioavailability of the water soluble capsule and suspension formulations was 105 and 93%, respectively. AUC(0-infinity) was higher in patients experiencing dose-limiting toxicity.
Oral ABT-751 pharmacokinetics was dose-proportional and age-independent with minimal intra- and inter-patient variability in children.
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ABSTRACT: ABT-751, an orally bioavailable sulfonamide binds the colchicine site of beta-tubulin and inhibits microtubule polymerizaton. Prior phase I studies established the recommended dose in children with solid tumors as 200 mg/m(2) PO daily × 7 days every 21 days and subjects with neuroblastoma experienced prolonged stable disease. We conducted a phase 2 study (NCT00436852) in children and adolescents with progressive neuroblastoma to determine if ABT-751 prolonged the time to progression (TTP) compared to a hypothesized standard based on a historical control population. Children and adolescents (n = 91) with a median (range) age 7.7 (2.3-21.5) years and progressive neuroblastoma were enrolled and stratified by disease status into disease measureable by CT/MRI (n = 47) or disease assessable by (123) I-metaiodobenzylguanine scintigraphy (MIBG, n = 44). Response was evaluated using RECIST for measureable disease and the Curie score for MIBG-avid disease. ABT-751 was well tolerated. The objective response rate was 7%. The median TTP was 42 days (95% CI: 36, 56) in the measureable disease stratum and 45 days (95% CI: 42, 85) in the MIBG-avid disease stratum. TTP was similar to the historical control group (n = 136, median TTP 42 days). For the combined strata (n = 91), 1-year progression free survival (PFS) was 13 ± 4% and overall survival (OS) was 48 ± 5%. The low objective response rate and failure to prolong TTP indicate that ABT-751 is not sufficiently active to warrant further development for neuroblastoma. However, this trial demonstrates the utility of TTP as the primary endpoint in phase 2 trials in children and adolescents with neuroblastoma. Pediatr Blood Cancer © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Pediatric Blood & Cancer 06/2014; 61(6). DOI:10.1002/pbc.24900 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatrics. With contemporary chemotherapy, >85% of patients with newly diagnosed ALL survive. Unfortunately, 20% of these patients will relapse and for these children, outcomes remain poor despite our best known chemotherapy protocols. Most of these children will achieve a second complete remission, but maintaining this remission remains difficult. Because relapsed ALL is such a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, it is the focus of much research interest. Efforts have been made and continue to focus on understanding the underlying biology that drives relapse. The role of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in relapsed ALL remains unclear, but many clinicians still favor this for high-risk patients given the poor prognosis with current chemotherapy alone. It is important to use new drugs with little cross-resistance in the treatment of relapsed ALL. New classes of agents are currently being studied. We also discuss prognostic factors and the biology of relapsed ALL.Paediatric Drugs 12/2012; 14(6). DOI:10.1007/BF03262418 · 1.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: ABT-751, a novel orally available antitubulin agent, is mainly eliminated as inactive glucuronide (ABT-751G) and sulfate (ABT-751S) conjugates. We performed a pharmacogenetic investigation of ABT-751 pharmacokinetics using in-vitro data to guide the selection of genes for genotyping in a phase I trial of ABT-751. METHODS: UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) and sulfotransferase (SULT) enzymes were screened for ABT-751 metabolite formation in vitro. Forty-seven cancer patients treated with ABT-751 were genotyped for 21 variants in these genes. RESULTS: UGT1A1, UGT1A4, UGT1A8, UGT2B7, and SULT1A1 were found to be involved in the formation of inactive ABT-751 glucuronide (ABT-751G) and sulfate (ABT-751S). SULT1A1 copy number (>2) was associated with an average 34% increase in ABT-751 clearance (P=0.044), an 18% reduction in ABT-751 AUC (P=0.045), and a 50% increase in sulfation metabolic ratios (P=0.025). UGT1A8 rs6431558 was associated with a 28% increase in glucuronidation metabolic ratios (P=0.022), and UGT1A4*2 was associated with a 65% decrease in ABT-751 Ctrough (P=0.009). CONCLUSION: These results might represent the first example of a clinical pharmacokinetic effect of the SULT1A1 copy number variant on the clearance of a SULT1A1 substrate. A-priori selection of candidate genes guided by in-vitro metabolic screening enhanced our ability to identify genetic determinants of interpatient pharmacokinetic variability.Pharmacogenetics and Genomics 05/2013; DOI:10.1097/FPC.0b013e3283623e81 · 3.45 Impact Factor