Meningococcal conjugate vaccination among adolescents aged 13-17 years, United States, 2007.
ABSTRACT An estimated 1000-2000 cases of invasive meningococcal diseases occur annually in the United States. In 2005, a new quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4) was approved and, because of supply constraints, was recommended for routine vaccination of some groups of adolescents. In August 2007, vaccination recommendations were expanded for all adolescents 11-18 years.
We analyzed data from the 2007 National Immunization Survey-Teen (NIS-Teen), a nationally representative random digit dialed telephone survey. Estimates of MCV4 coverage were assessed from provider-reported vaccination histories. A multivariable logistic regression analysis and predictive marginal model were performed to identify factors independently associated with MCV4 vaccination.
Provider-reported vaccination histories were available for 2947 adolescents aged 13-17 years with a response rate of 55.9%. Overall, MCV4 coverage was 32.4% (95% confidence interval (CI)=30.2-34.7%) in 2007. Vaccination coverage was similar among adolescents aged 13-14 years compared to those aged 15-17 years (32.1% vs. 32.6%, respectively). Coverage was 30.6% for non-Hispanic whites, 35.9% for non-Hispanic blacks, and 36.1% for Hispanics; however, these variations were not statistically significant. Characteristics independently associated with a higher likelihood of MCV4 vaccination included having > or =2 physician contacts in the past year, having a well child visit at age 11-12 years, and ever having a doctor recommendation for meningitis vaccination of the adolescent.
In 2007, MCV4 coverage among 13-17 years old increased 20.7 percentage points from 2006. Achieving high vaccination coverage among adolescents will be challenging. Targeting adolescents with no health insurance and no recent healthcare provider visits may be important to increase coverage.
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ABSTRACT: Hepatitis A infection causes severe disease among adolescents and adults. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices instituted incremental recommendations for hepatitis A vaccination (HepA) at 2 years of age based on risk (1996), in selected states (1999), and universally at 1 year of age, with vaccination through 18 years of age based on risk or desire for protection (2006). We assessed adolescent HepA coverage in the United States and factors independently associated with vaccination. Data from the 2009 National Immunization Survey-Teen (n = 20 066) were analyzed to determine ≥1- and ≥2-dose HepA coverage among adolescents 13 to 17 years of age. We used bivariate and multivariable analyses to test associations between HepA initiation and sociodemographic characteristics stratified by state groups: group 1, universal child vaccination since 1999; group 2, consideration for child vaccination since 1999; group 3, universal child vaccination at 1 year of age since 2006. In 2009, national 1-dose HepA coverage among adolescents was 42.0%. Seventy percent of vaccinees completed the 2-dose series. One-dose coverage was 74.3% among group 1 states, 54.0% for group 2 states, and 27.8% for group 3 states. The adjusted prevalence ratios of vaccination initiation were highest for states with a vaccination requirement and for adolescents whose providers recommended HepA. HepA coverage was low among most adolescents in the United States in 2009 leaving a large population susceptible to hepatitis A infection maturing into adulthood.PEDIATRICS 02/2012; 129(2):213-21. DOI:10.1542/peds.2011-2197 · 5.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective. Adolescent meningococcal vaccine uptake remains low. We examined vaccine awareness among parents of adolescents and uptake. Methods. Parents of adolescents aged 11 to 17 years (n = 1281) participated in a statewide survey. Logistic regression with weighted data provided population-based estimates. Results. In all, 65% had heard of meningococcal vaccine; parents more likely to report awareness had adolescents aged 16 to 17 years, in private school, or with health insurance. In total, 44% of aware parents reported vaccination; vaccinated teens were more likely to be black (odds ratio [OR] = 2.17), had a preventive checkup within 12 months (OR = 3.03), or resided with another child ≤18 years (OR = 1.83). Many parents of unvaccinated adolescents (38.5%) did not plan to vaccinate them within 12 months. The most common reasons for not vaccinating were providers not recommending it and believing adolescents did not need it. Conclusion. Many parents aware of meningococcal vaccine did not vaccinate their adolescents. Interventions that include increasing provider recommendation and annual visits may increase uptake.Clinical Pediatrics 03/2013; 52(5). DOI:10.1177/0009922813481847 · 1.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To identify factors associated with initiation of the human papillomavirus vaccine series and parental report of a healthcare provider recommendation of the human papillomavirus vaccine in adolescent females. Cross-sectional analysis of 2007 National Survey of Children's Health. Parents of 12-17 year-old US adolescent females. Associations of sociodemographic and healthcare factors with initiation of the human papillomavirus vaccine series and parental report of a healthcare provider recommendation of the human papillomavirus vaccine. Data were analyzed for 16,139 adolescent females. Almost 20% of adolescent females initiated the HPV vaccine series. Significantly higher proportions of adolescent females who initiated the human papillomavirus vaccine series vs. those who did not initiate the human papillomavirus vaccine series had a parental report of their healthcare provider recommending the human papillomavirus vaccine (84% vs. 20%). In multivariable analyses, adolescent females who were American Indian/Alaska Native, were multiracial, received the meningococcal vaccine, received the tetanus/tetanus-diphtheria/tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine, or were poor had higher adjusted odds of initiating the human papillomavirus vaccine series; parental report of a healthcare provider recommendation of the human papillomavirus vaccine was associated with about 18 times the adjusted odds of initiating the human papillomavirus vaccine series. In separate multivariable analyses, adolescent females who were African-American and uninsured had lower adjusted odds of a parental report of a healthcare provider recommendation of the human papillomavirus vaccine. Parental report of a healthcare provider recommendation is significantly associated with human papillomavirus vaccine-series initiation. African-American race/ethnicity and uninsurance were associated with lower odds of a parental report of a healthcare provider recommendation of the human papillomavirus vaccine. Routine healthcare provider recommendation of human papillomavirus vaccination might improve adolescent females' human papillomavirus vaccination rates.Vaccine 03/2012; 30(20):3112-8. DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.02.034 · 3.49 Impact Factor