Livestock associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LaMRSA) isolated from lesions of pigs at necropsy in northwest Germany between 2004 and 2007.
ABSTRACT An increasing number of reported detections of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in food animals since 2007 has led to the assumption that there is an emerging zoonotic problem with livestock associated (la)MRSA potentially aggravating the MRSA problem in humans. It was the objective of the study to investigate, whether MRSA was present in clinical specimens of pigs collected at post-mortem since 2004 and to further characterize these isolates. We studied 138 isolates of S. aureus collected between 2004 and 2007 from various pathological lesions of pigs at necropsy. Potential MRSA were identified by growth on selective chromogenic media. Isolates were confirmed as MRSA using multiplex PCR. Confirmed isolates were spa- and SCCmec-typed and were tested for antimicrobial resistance. Overall, 60 (43%) S. aureus isolates were identified as MRSA. The majority (57/60) of the MRSA isolates found in the altered porcine tissues were spa-types associated with MRSA ST398. Three MRSA were ST97 isolates, a type that has not been described as an MRSA in pigs before. Other clonal complexes (ST9, ST30) dominated among the methicillin-sensitive S. aureus. MRSA were found in similar frequency in all 4 years. We assume that MRSA in pigs may have occurred earlier than 2004 and might be not really 'emerging', but rather have been overlooked until recently. The potentially causative role of the MRSA in the lesions warrants further investigation.
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ABSTRACT: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus of clonal lineage ST398 that exhibits related spa types and contains SCCmec elements of types IVa or V has been isolated from colonized and infected humans and companion animals (e.g., dog, pig, horse) in Germany and Austria. Of particular concern is the association of these cases with cases of nosocomial ventilator-associated pneumonia.Emerging infectious diseases 03/2007; 13(2):255-8. · 5.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clonal lineage ST398 and methicillin-susceptible lineage ST9 strains have their main reservoir in swine but can colonize and cause infections in humans. The phenicol/lincosamide/oxazolidinone/pleuromutilin/streptogramin A multidrug resistance gene cfr was detected in isolates of both clonal lineages, rendering a spread to humans with exposure to swine farming possible.Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 01/2009; 53(2):779-81. · 4.57 Impact Factor
- Emerg Infect Dis. 11(12):1965-1966.