Molecular characterization and functional properties of cardiomyocytes derived from human inducible pluripotent stem cells.

The Sohnis Family Stem Cells Center, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine (Impact Factor: 3.7). 01/2011; 15(1):38-51. DOI: 10.1111/j.1582-4934.2009.00996.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In view of the therapeutic potential of cardiomyocytes derived from induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells (iPS-derived cardiomyocytes), in the present study we investigated in iPS-derived cardiomyocytes, the functional properties related to [Ca(2+) ](i) handling and contraction, the contribution of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) release to contraction and the b-adrenergic inotropic responsiveness. The two iPS clones investigated here were generated through infection of human foreskin fibroblasts (HFF) with retroviruses containing the four human genes: OCT4, Sox2, Klf4 and C-Myc. Our major findings showed that iPS-derived cardiomyocytes: (i) express cardiac specific RNA and proteins; (ii) exhibit negative force-frequency relations and mild (compared to adult) post-rest potentiation; (iii) respond to ryanodine and caffeine, albeit less than adult cardiomyocytes, and express the SR-Ca(2+) handling proteins ryanodine receptor and calsequestrin. Hence, this study demonstrates that in our cardiomyocytes clones differentiated from HFF-derived iPS, the functional properties related to excitation-contraction coupling, resemble in part those of adult cardiomyocytes.

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