Epidermal growth factor receptor and HER-2/neu status by immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization in adenocarcinomas of the biliary tree and gallbladder
ABSTRACT Adenocarcinomas of the biliary tract and gallbladder are aggressive tumors with a poor prognosis. Standard chemotherapy often offers minimal benefit. Because epidermal growth factor receptor and HER-2/neu antagonists have been successfully used in adenocarcinomas from other sites, their use in cholangiocarcinoma can be potentially beneficial. This study examines the epidermal growth factor receptor and HER-2/neu expression and the epidermal growth factor receptor gene copy number in biliary tract adenocarcinomas. Fifty-one formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded cases of adenocarcinomas (26 intrahepatic, 19 extrahepatic, 6 gallbladder) were stained with monoclonal antibodies against epidermal growth factor receptor and HER-2/neu. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis was performed in 37 cases using probes directed against epidermal growth factor receptor and centromeric region of chromosome 7. Epidermal growth factor receptor expression was present in 41 (80%) cases, with moderate or strong epidermal growth factor receptor staining in 30 (59%) cases. HER-2/neu was positive in 2 (4%) cases. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis showed gain in epidermal growth factor receptor gene copy number in 17 (46%) tumors. Of the latter, 1 showed gene amplification, whereas all others showed gain in chromosome 7, indicating balanced polysomy. Epidermal growth factor receptor overexpression by immunohistochemistry correlated significantly with epidermal growth factor receptor copy number by fluorescence in situ hybridization (P = .02). HER2/neu expression is uncommon in these tumors.
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- "The goal of this study was to assess a large series of intrahepatic, perihilar and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas for FGFR2 translocations and clinicopathologic correlates using a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay that could be routinely performed in a clinical laboratory. We also undertook investigation of these tumors for ROS1 translocations and ERBB2 (HER2) amplification since the tyrosine kinases encoded by these genes have also been reported in cholangiocarcinoma   "
ABSTRACT: Patients with cholangiocarcinoma often present with locally advanced or metastatic disease. There is a need for effective therapeutic strategies for advanced stage cholangiocarcinoma. Recently, FGFR2 translocations have been identified as a potential target for tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapies. This study evaluated 152 cholangiocarcinomas and 4 intraductal papillary biliary neoplasms of the bile duct for presence of FGFR2 translocations by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and characterized the clinicopathologic features of cases with FGFR2 translocations. Thirteen (10 women, 3 men; 8%) of 156 biliary tumors harbored FGFR2 translocations, including 12 intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (12/96; 13%) and 1 intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct. Histologically, cholangiocarcinomas with FGFR2 translocations displayed prominent intraductal growth (62%) or anastomosing tubular glands with desmoplasia (38%). Immunohistochemically, the tumors with FGFR2 translocations frequently showed weak and patchy expression of CK19 (77%). Markers of the stem cell phenotype in cholangiocarcinoma, HepPar1 and CK20, were negative in all cases. The median cancer-specific survival for patients whose tumors harbored FGFR2 translocations was 123 months compared to 37 months for cases without FGFR2 translocations (p = 0.039). This study also assessed 100 cholangiocarcinomas for ERBB2 amplification and ROS1 translocations. Of the cases tested, 3% and 1% were positive for ERBB2 amplification and ROS1 translocation, respectively. These results confirm that FGFR2, ERRB2, and ROS1 alterations are potential therapeutic targets for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.Human pathology 08/2014; 45(8). DOI:10.1016/j.humpath.2014.03.014 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This paper considers the derivation of an optimal window length for the fourth-order polynomial Wigner-Ville distribution (PWVD/sub 4/), for the purpose of instantaneous frequency (IF) estimation. The optimal window length represents a compromise between the estimator IF error and statistical consistency. The criterion of optimality that we employ is the minimum mean square IF estimation error. The PWVD/sub 4/ optimal window length theory is then applied to the problem of estimating the time-varying acoustic IF of an over-flying aircraft. In the high SNR case, the windowed PWVD/sub 4/ is seen to provide a more accurate IF estimate than those given by the Wigner-Ville Distribution (WVD) and the short-time Fourier transform (STFT).Proceedings - ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing 01/1994; 4:313-316. DOI:10.1109/ICASSP.1994.389814
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ABSTRACT: Overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (ErbB1) and/or ErbB2 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cholangiocarcinoma, suggesting that combined ErbB1/ErbB2 targeting might serve as a target-based therapeutic strategy for this highly lethal cancer. To test this strategy, we investigated targeting with the ErbB1 inhibitor tryphostin AG1517 and the ErbB2 inhibitor tryphostin AG879, in combination and alone, as well as with the dual ErbB1/ErbB2 inhibitor lapatinib, to assess the effectiveness of simultaneous targeting of ErbB1 and ErbB2 signaling over single inhibitor treatments in suppressing cholangiocarcinoma cell growth in vitro and the therapeutic efficacy of lapatinib in vivo. Our in vitro studies were carried out using rat (BDEneu and C611B) and human (HuCCT1 and TFK1) cholangiocarcinoma cell lines. The efficacy of lapatinib to significantly suppress liver tumor growth was tested in an orthotopic, syngeneic rat model of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma progression. Our results demonstrated that simultaneous targeting of ErbB1 and ErbB2 signaling was significantly more effective in suppressing the in vitro growth of both rat and human cholangiocarcinoma cells than individual receptor targeting. Lapatinib was an even more potent inhibitor of cholangiocarcinoma cell growth and inducer of apoptosis than either tryphostin when tested in vitro against these respective cholangiocarcinoma cell lines, regardless of differences in their levels of ErbB1 or ErbB2 protein expression and/or mechanism of activation. Lapatinib treatment also produced a significant suppression of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma growth when administered early to rats, but was without effect in inhibiting liver tumor growth in rats with more advanced tumors. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that simultaneous targeting of ErbB1 and ErbB2 could be a potentially selective strategy for cholangiocarcinoma therapy, but is likely to be ineffective by itself against advanced cancer.Hepatology 09/2010; 52(3):975-86. DOI:10.1002/hep.23773 · 11.19 Impact Factor