Effect of the long-term administration of nebivolol on clinical symptoms, exercise capacity and left ventricular function in patients with heart failure and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction: background, aims and design of the ELANDD study.
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The SENIORS trial demonstrated that nebivolol has beneficial effects in patients with heart failure. However, the role of beta-blocker therapy in patients with heart failure and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFPEF) is still unsettled. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term effects of administration of nebivolol, compared to placebo, on the clinical symptoms, exercise capacity and parameters of left ventricular (LV) function in patients with HFPEF. METHODS: The Effect of Long-term Administration of Nebivolol on clinical symptoms, exercise capacity and left ventricular function in patients with Diastolic Dysfunction (ELANDD) study is a prospective multicenter European trial in 120 patients with HFPEF randomised to nebivolol or placebo. HFPEF is defined as symptoms or signs of heart failure, a LV ejection fraction >45% and evidence of diastolic LV dysfunction by Doppler echocardiography. Procedures include a baseline clinical examination, 6-min walk test (6MWT), electrocardiography, Doppler echocardiography and Minnesota QoL questionnaire. Nebivolol or placebo is started at 2.5 mg/day and gradually uptitrated to 10 mg/day. After initiation of the study, patients are assessed at 1, 2, 5 and 6 weeks (titration phase) and at weeks 12 and 26. The primary endpoint is the change from baseline in the 6MWT distance with nebivolol versus placebo. Sample size calculations are based on an anticipated 15% difference (70 m) in the 6MWT distance between nebivolol and placebo-treated patients. This study will allow the collection of data regarding the possible clinical benefits and the effects on LV function of nebivolol administration in patients with HFPEF.
Article: Assessment of left ventricular diastolic function in children after successful repair of aortic coarctation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was an assessment of left ventricular diastolic function in children after the successful repair of aortic coarctation (CoA). The prospective study concerned 32 pediatric patients after the CoA surgery. Tissue Doppler imaging parameters including strain and strain rate and the conventional echocardiographic indexes were analyzed in patients and healthy controls. Analysis of mitral annulus velocities, E-E' ratio, strain, and strain rate of left ventricular mid-cavity segments and conventional indexes of mitral inflow showed the worsening of left ventricular diastolic mechanics in the study group compared to healthy controls. The E/E' ratio was significantly higher in the study group compared to the control group (8.30 ± 3.24 vs. 6.95 ± 1.36; p < 0.05). The early diastolic strain rate to late diastolic strain rate ratio as well as early to late diastolic strain ratio of the left ventricular mid-cavity segments were significantly lower in the study group compared to healthy controls (1.81 ± 0.63 vs. 3.74 ± 1.53; p < 0.001 and 1.20 ± 0.49 vs. 3.41 ± 1.26; p < 0.001). No differences of the pulmonary venous flow parameters between those two groups were observed. The left ventricular diastolic mechanics in hypertensive patients after CoA repair did not differ from normotensive subjects. Hypertensive and normotensive children after surgical repair of CoA are found to have worsening of the left ventricular diastolic mechanics suggesting the impairment of the active myocardial relaxation.Clinical Research in Cardiology 12/2010; 100(6):493-9. · 2.95 Impact Factor
Article: Contribution of comorbidities to functional impairment is higher in heart failure with preserved than with reduced ejection fraction.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Comorbidities negatively affect prognosis more strongly in heart failure with preserved (HFpEF) than with reduced (HFrEF) ejection fraction. Their comparative impact on physical impairment in HFpEF and HFrEF has not been evaluated so far. The frequency of 12 comorbidities and their impact on NYHA class and SF-36 physical functioning score (SF-36 PF) were evaluated in 1,294 patients with HFpEF and 2,785 with HFrEF. HFpEF patients had lower NYHA class (2.0 ± 0.6 vs. 2.4 ± 0.6, p < 0.001) and higher SF-36 PF score (54.4 ± 28.3 vs. 54.4 ± 27.7, p < 0.001). All comorbidities were significantly (p < 0.05) more frequent in HFrEF, except hypertension and obesity, which were more frequent in HFpEF (p < 0.001). Adjusting for age and gender, COPD, anemia, hyperuricemia, atrial fibrillation, renal dysfunction, cerebrovascular disease and diabetes had a similar (p for interaction > 0.05) negative effect in both groups. Obesity, coronary artery disease and peripheral arterial occlusive disease exerted a significantly (p < 0.05) more adverse effect in HFpEF, while hypertension and hyperlipidemia were associated with fewer (p < 0.05) symptoms in HFrEF only. The total impact of comorbidities on NYHA (AUC for prediction of NYHA III/IV vs. I/II) and SF-36 PF (r(2)) in multivariate analyses was approximately 1.5-fold higher in HFpEF, and also much stronger than the impact of a 10% decrease in ejection fraction in HFrEF or a 5 mm decrease in left ventricular end-diastolic diameter in HFpEF. The impact of comorbidities on physical impairment is higher in HFpEF than in HFrEF. This should be considered in the differential diagnosis and in the treatment of patients with HFpEF.Clinical Research in Cardiology 03/2011; 100(9):755-64. · 2.95 Impact Factor