Article

Adverse Events Among the Elderly Receiving Chemotherapy for Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. .
Journal of Clinical Oncology (Impact Factor: 18.43). 02/2010; 28(4):620-7. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2009.23.8485
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To describe chemotherapy use and adverse events (AEs) for advanced-stage, non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in community practice, including descriptions according to variation by age.
We interviewed patients with newly diagnosed, stages IIIB and IV NSCLC in the population-based cohort studied by the Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance Consortium, and we abstracted the patient medical records. AEs were medical events occurring during chemotherapy. Using logistic regression, we assessed the association between age and chemotherapy; with Poisson regression, we estimated event rate ratios and adjusted the analysis for age, sex, ethnicity, radiation therapy, stage, histology, and presence and grade of 27 comorbidities.
Of 1,371 patients, 58% (95% CI, 55% to 61%) received chemotherapy and 35% (95% CI, 32% to 38%) had AEs. After adjustment, 72% (95% CI, 65% to 79%) of those younger than 55 years and 47% (95% CI, 42% to 52%) of those age 75 years and older received chemotherapy. Platinum-based therapies were less common in the older-age groups. Pretreatment medical event rates were 18.6% for patients younger than 55 years and were only 9.2% for those age 75 years and older (adjusted rate ratio, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.26 to 0.91). In contrast, older adults were more likely to have AEs during chemotherapy. The adjusted rate ratios compared with age younger than 55 years were 1.70 for 65- to 74-year-olds (95% CI, 1.19 to 2.43) and 1.34 for those age 75 years and older (95% CI, 0.90 to 2.00).
Older patients who received chemotherapy had fewer pretherapy events than younger patients and were less likely to receive platinum-based regimens. Nevertheless, older patients had more adverse events during chemotherapy, independent of comorbidity. Potential implicit trade-offs between symptom management and treatment toxicity should be made explicit and additionally studied.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Yousuf Zafar, Aug 28, 2015
1 Follower
 · 
165 Views
  • Source
    • "Adverse events (AEs) during the follow-up periods of all of the included studies were determined. AEs [21], [22] could be characterized as fatal, life threatening, required or prolonged existing hospitalization, or persistent or significant disability or indisposition and were graded in accordance with the criteria provided by the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity [23]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Lung cancer, particularly non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer mortality. Chemotherapy combined dendritic cells co-cultured with cytokine-induced killer cells (DC-CIK) immunotherapy has been applied in advanced NSCLC patients' treatment, but couldn't provide consistent beneficial results. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the efficiency and safety of combination therapy to promote the application. Methods A literature search for randomized controlled trials of NSCLC was conducted in PubMed database. Before meta-analysis was performed, studies were evaluated heterogeneity. Pooled risk ratios (RRs) were estimated and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a fixed-effect model. Sensitivity analysis was also performed. Results Six eligible trials were enrolled. Efficiency and safety of chemotherapy followed by DC-CIK immunotherapy (experimental group) and chemotherapy alone (control group) were compared. 1-year overall survival (OS) (P = 0.02) and progression free survival (PFS) (P = 0.005) in the experimental group were significantly increased compared with the control. Disease control rate (DCR) (P = 0.006) rose significantly in experimental group. However, no significant differences between the two groups were observed in 2-year OS (P = 0.21), 2-year PFS (P = 0.10), overall response rate (ORR) (P = 0.76) and partial response (PR) (P = 0.22). Temporary fever, anemia, leukopenia and nausea were the four major adverse events (AEs) treated by chemotherapy. The incidence of anemia, leukopenia and nausea in the experimental group was obviously lower than the control group. Temporary fever rate was higher in experimental group than that in the control, but could be alleviated by taking sufficient rest. Conclusions Chemotherapy combined with DC-CIK immunotherapy showed superiority in DCR, 1-year OS and PFS, and no more AEs appeared, however, there was no significant improvement in ORR, PR, 2-year OS and PFS. As a whole, the combination therapy is safer but modest in efficacy for advanced NSCLC patients.
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e108958. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0108958 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "Thus, it cannot be stated in general that treatment toxicity is higher in elderly patients; this may depend on the type of treatment used. A recent retrospective study by Chrischilles et al. evaluated chemotherapy use and adverse events during treatment of advanced NSCLC in routine clinical practice and concluded that toxicity was increased in elderly patients, but his study mainly looked at first-line treatment with platinum-based combinations [32]. One additional result of this US study was that physicians used carboplatin-based combinations more frequently than cisplatin-based combinations (65.3% vs. 10.4%). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Second-line treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) improves overall survival. There is a lack of data regarding the impact on patients' overall health condition. This prospective, non-interventional study evaluated performance status (PS) and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) during second-line pemetrexed treatment in routine clinical practice. Stage III/IV NSCLC patients who initiated second-line pemetrexed (standard vitamin and dexamethasone supplementation) were observed for a maximum of 9 treatment cycles. The primary objective was to evaluate the proportion of patients achieving improvement of Karnofsky Index (KI) of ≥ 10% (absolute) or maintaining KI ≥ 80% after the second treatment cycle ("KI benefit response"). HR-QoL was self-rated using the EuroQoL-5D questionnaire (EQ-5D). Factors potentially associated with KI benefit response were evaluated using logistic regression models. Of 521 eligible patients (73.5% Stage IV, median age 66.3 yrs, 36.1% ≥ 70 yrs, 62.0% with KI ≥ 80%), 471 (90.4%) completed at least 2 treatment cycles. 58.0% (95%CI 53.6%;62.2%) achieved KI benefit response after the second cycle. Patients with baseline KI ≥ 80%, no Grade 3/4 toxicities during the first 2 cycles, or combination regimen as prior first-line therapy were more likely to achieve a KI benefit response. EQ-5D scores improved over time. Grade 3/4 toxicities were reported in 23.8% of patients (mainly fatigue/asthenia 15.9%, neutropenia 8.7%). In this large prospective, non-interventional study of second-line pemetrexed treatment in patients with advanced NSCLC, including 36% elderly patients ( ≥ 70 years), physician-rated PS and self-rated HR-QoL were maintained or improved in the majority of patients. Registered on ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT00540241) on October 4, 2007.
    BMC Cancer 01/2012; 12:14. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-12-14 · 3.32 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "tly used in cases ≥ 70 years com - pared with younger age group in this study . In general , elderly patients are considered to be vulnerable to systemic chemotherapy . In a cohort study of lung cancer , chemo - therapy was less frequently used according to age , and older patients were more likely to have adverse events in commu - nity practice ( Chrischilles et al . 2010 ) . On the other hand , assessment of elderly participants in previous clinical trials have indicated that systemic chemotherapy can be used for selected elderly patients with a similar toxicity profile to that induced in younger patients ( Lichtman et al . 2007 ; Lalami et al . 2009 ) . It is inferred that S - 1 was considered to be le"
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: At present, there is a shortage of detailed data on head and neck cancer treatment in acute care hospitals in Japan. We conducted an analysis of the care process for laryngeal cancer inpatients in Japan using a national administrative database based on the case-mix system known as the Diagnosis Procedure Combination to evaluate the recent clinical situation of a relatively high incidence of head and neck cancers. We obtained discharge data relating to 2790 cases (one case = one hospitalization) involving 2319 laryngeal cancer patients from 346 acute care hospitals that participated in the Japanese national case-mix project between July and December of 2008. The details of their treatment procedures were analyzed according to the Japanese procedure codes managed by the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare of Japan. There were 2156 male and 163 female patients. The median age was 69 years (range: 22-96 years). The most frequent surgical procedure was endoscopic resection which was performed for 781 cases. Chemotherapy was given in 31.6% of cases in the < 60 age group, 28.2% in the 60-79, and 14.1% in the ≥ 80. The most frequently used chemotherapy regimen was a single drug, S-1 (compound of tegafur, gimeracil and oteracil potassium), which was more frequently used in the ≥ 70 age group than in the younger age group. The Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, which collects a large volume of data from all over the country, is useful for analysis of the care process for head and neck cancers in Japan.
    The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 01/2011; 223(1):61-6. DOI:10.1620/tjem.223.61 · 1.28 Impact Factor
Show more