Article

Multiple Perforations along the Transverse Colon as a Rare Presentation of Intestinal Behcet’s Disease: A Case Report

Clinics (São Paulo, Brazil) (Impact Factor: 1.42). 11/2009; 64(12):1231-3. DOI: 10.1590/S1807-59322009001200016
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Behcet's disease is multisystemic vasculitis which affects vein and artery blood vessels. Intestinal perforation rarely occurs as clinic manifestation in as little as 1% of patients. The transverse colon is the most infrequent site of perforation. We presented a patient diagnosed with Behcet's disease who underwent both surgical and conversative treatment due to perforation of the colon. A 34-year-old patient was admitted to the hospital with fever, aphthous ulcerations on oral mucosa and genitals and bilateral uveitis. On the basis of clinical symptoms and the International Criteria developed in 1990 Behcet's disease was diagnosed. During the next few days the patient developed erythema nodosum, diarrheic syndrome and acute abdominal symptoms due to perforation of the transverse colon. An emergent laparotomy was undertaken involving resection of a perforated segment of the colon, and bipolar colostomy on the left side of abdomen. Following the surgery the patient was treated except for antibiotics with three successive pulse doses of methylprednisolone (500 mg/daily) and cyclophosphamide (15 mg/kg). The treatment was continued by gradual decrease in the close of the corticosteroid (perorally) and by cyclophosphamide first with monthly doses (5 monthly pulse doses of 15 mg/kg cyclophosphoamide), and then with 3-month doses (totally 6 doses) up to totally 12 g. The therapy with pulse doses of methylprednisolone combined with pulse doses of cyclophosphamide was very effective in the reported case with the complex clinical manifestations leading to resolution of gastrointenstinal, ocular and orogenital lesions.
    Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 11/2011; 68(11):992-5. · 0.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Behçet's disease (BD) is a vasculitic disorder of relapsing acute inflammation characterized by recurrent oral ulcers, genital ulcers, uveitis, and skin lesions. The disease also affects other organs, including joints, the nervous system, blood vessels, and gastrointestinal (GI) system may also be involved and the lower GI tract is the mostly involved part, leading to severe morbidity. The frequency of GI involvement in BD varies among different ethnic groups. Although 50-60% of Japanese patients have GI disease, these manifestations are rare in patients from Mediterranean countries. The gastrointestinal manifestations of BD usually appear 4.5-6 years after the onset of the oral ulcers. The intestinal lesions are usually resistant to medical treatment and recur after surgery. The elementary lesion is apthous ulcer. Deep, round or oval ulcers with a punched-out appearance tend to perforate easily, so that many patients require urgent operation.
    01/2012; 2012:216254. DOI:10.1155/2012/216254