Evaluation of rectal bleeding factors associated with prostate brachytherapy
ABSTRACT To analyze rectal bleeding prognostic factors associated with prostate brachytherapy (PB) or in combination with external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) and to examine dosimetric indications associated with rectal bleeding.
The study included 296 patients followed up for >36 months (median, 48 months). PB was performed alone in 252 patients and in combination with EBRT in 44 patients. PB combined with EBRT is indicated for patients with a Gleason score >6. The prescribed dose was 144 Gy for monotherapy and 110 Gy for PB + EBRT (44-46 Gy).
Although 9.1% who received monotherapy had 2.3% grade 2 rectal bleeding, 36.3% who received combined therapy had 15.9% grade 2 rectal bleeding. Combined therapy was associated with higher incidence of rectal bleeding (P = 0.0049) and higher percentage of grade 2 bleeding (P = 0.0005). Multivariate analysis revealed that R-150 was the only significant factor for rectal bleeding, and modified Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) grade in monotherapy and biologically equivalent dose (BED) were significant for combined therapy. Moreover, grade 2 rectal bleeding increased significantly at D90 > 130 Gy.
Although R-150 was the significant prognostic factor for rectal bleeding and modified RTOG rectal toxicity grade, BED was the significant prognostic factor for modified RTOG rectal toxicity grade.
- SourceAvailable from: Nobumichi Tanaka
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- "Ohashi et al. also reported that the predictive parameter of grade 2 or higher GI toxicity was the maximal rectal dose in multivariate analysis . Aoki et al. concluded that R150 was a significant prognostic factor for rectal bleeding in multivariate analysis . "
ABSTRACT: Background To compare the periodical incidence rates of genitourinary (GU) and gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity in patients who underwent prostate low-dose-rate brachytherapy between the monotherapy group (seed implantation alone) and the boost group (in combination with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)). Methods A total of 218 patients with a median follow-up of 42.5 months were enrolled. The patients were divided into 2 groups by treatment modality, namely, the monotherapy group (155 patients) and the boost group (63 patients). The periodical incidence rates of GU and GI toxicity were separately evaluated and compared between the monotherapy group and the boost group using the National Cancer Institute - Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 3.0. To elucidate an independent factor among clinical and postdosimetric parameters to predict grade 2 or higher GU and GI toxicity in the acute and late phases, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out. Results Of all patients, 78.0% showed acute GU toxicity, and 7.8% showed acute GI toxicity, while 63.8% showed late GU toxicity, and 21.1% showed late GI toxicity. The incidence rates of late GU and GI toxicity were significantly higher in the boost group. Multivariate analysis showed that the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) before seed implantation was a significant parameter to predict acute GU toxicity, while there were no significant predictive parameters for acute GI toxicity. On the other hand, combination with EBRT was a significant predictive parameter for late GU toxicity, and rectal volume (mL) receiving 100% of the prescribed dose (R100) was a significant predictive parameter for late GI toxicity. Conclusions The boost group showed higher incidence rates of both GU and GI toxicity. Higher IPSS before seed implantation, combination with EBRT and a higher R100 were significant predictors for acute GU, late GU and late GI toxicity.Radiation Oncology 01/2013; 8(1):25. DOI:10.1186/1748-717X-8-25 · 2.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this paper, a novel cyclic reservation based multiple access method is proposed and investigated in a ring-like folded bus architecture, along with which corresponding CoS, flow control and protection restoration schemes are also presented and validated to provide multi-class and reliable access capabilities.
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ABSTRACT: To assess toxicity outcomes of image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IG-IMRT) combined with permanent prostate seed implant in a cohort of patients with localized prostate cancer. A retrospective analysis was performed on 67 patients with the median pretreatment prostate-specific antigen level of 5.4. The Gleason score was less than 7 in 7 patients, 7 in 52 patients, and greater than 7 in 8 patients. The median followup was 28.2 months (range, 12-89.5 months). Treatment consisted of 45 (n=65) or 50.4 Gy (n=2) at 1.8 Gy/fraction of IG-IMRT to the prostate and seminal vesicles. Eight patients had simultaneous irradiation of pelvic lymph nodes to 45 (n=65) or 50.4 Gy (n=2). After IG-IMRT, patients received transperineal prostate implant boost with either (103)Pd (n=65, the prescribed D(90) of 100 Gy) or (125)I (n=2, D(90) of 110 Gy). Eleven patients received androgen deprivation therapy with radiotherapy. Toxicity higher than Grade 3 was not observed. The combined incidence of acute and late Grade 3 genitourinary toxicity was 6%. The combined incidence of acute and late Grade 3 gastrointestinal toxicity was 3%. At least one episode of gastrointestinal bleeding on followup, which could be attributed to radiation, was recorded in 14.9% of patients. For patients achieving erections before radiation, the 3-year Kaplan-Meier potency preservation rate was 66.5%. The early toxicity of the combination of IG-IMRT and low-dose rate brachytherapy boost in this study was favorable.Brachytherapy 10/2010; 10(3):195-200. DOI:10.1016/j.brachy.2010.09.004 · 2.76 Impact Factor