Ovarian antral follicular dynamics in sheep revisited: comparison among estrous cycles with three or four follicular waves.
ABSTRACT In this study, the characteristics of ovarian follicular waves and patterns of serum concentrations of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estradiol, and progesterone were compared between cycles with three (n=9) or four (n=10) follicular waves in Western White Face (WWF) ewes (Ovis aries). Transrectal ultrasonography and blood sampling were performed daily during one cycle. Estrous cycles were 17.11+/-0.3 and 17.20+/-0.2 d long in cycles with three and four waves, respectively (P>0.05). The first interwave interval and the interval from the emergence of the final wave to the day of ovulation were longer in cycles with three waves compared with those in cycles with four waves (P<0.05). The growth phase (5.1+/-0.5 vs. 3.1+/-0.4 d) and life span (5.67+/-0.3 vs. 4.3+/-0.3 d) of the largest follicle growing in the last or ovulatory wave was longer in cycles with three waves compared with that in cycles with four waves (P<0.05). The maximum diameter of the largest follicle was greater in the first wave and the ovulatory wave compared with that in other waves of the cycle (P<0.05). The regression phase of the largest follicle growing in the first wave was longer in cycles with three waves compared with that in cycles with four waves (4.44+/-0.4 vs. 3.4+/-0.4 d; P<0.05). The length of the life span, regression phase, and, although not significant in every case, FSH peak concentration and amplitude decreased across the cycle (P<0.05). We concluded that estrous cycles with three or four follicular waves were confined within the same length of cycle in WWF ewes. In this study, there were no apparent endocrine or follicular characteristics that could explain the regulation of the different number of follicular waves (three vs. four) during cycles of similar length.
- SourceAvailable from: Pawel Mieczyslaw Bartlewski
Article: Reproductive cycles in sheep.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: During the last three decades, there has been remarkable progress in many aspects of ovarian biology due to advances in real-time ultrasonography, which permits non-invasive, repeated monitoring of ovarian structures in conscious and non-anaesthetised animals. This review is primarily concerned with ovarian activity, as determined by transrectal ultrasonography, and measurements of circulating concentrations of gonadotrophins and ovarian steroids during reproductive cycles in sheep. The growth of antral follicles reaching ostensibly ovulatory sizes occurs in a wave-like pattern throughout the breeding season in both prolific and non-prolific breeds of sheep. There are typically 3 or 4 waves of follicle development during the interovulatory interval. Follicular wave emergence is primarily controlled by changes in circulating concentrations of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) but diminished ovarian responsiveness to gonadotrophic signals may result in reduced numbers of follicular waves. In cyclic ewes, the largest ovarian follicles acquire the ability to secrete oestradiol from the day of emergence with peak oestradiol secretion occurring about the time they reach maximum diameter. The high ovulation rate in some prolific breeds may be achieved by the ovulation of follicles from the last two waves of the interovulatory interval. Prolific ewes tend to produce more but smaller corpora lutea (CL) and have lower serum concentrations of progesterone during the luteal phase of the oestrous cycle as compared to less prolific genotypes. Lastly, recent studies of the endocrine influences on ovarian function have brought into question the existence of strong follicular dominance, as seen in cattle, and provided new insights into the effects of luteal progesterone on antral follicular development in ewes.Animal reproduction science 02/2011; 124(3-4):259-68. · 1.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The effects of estrus synchronization with prostaglandin F(2α) (PGF(2α)) and Controlled Internal Drug Release Device (CIDR) on ensuing antral follicular development were documented and compared to natural estrous cycles of non-seasonal tropical goats. Two to six follicular waves were observed, with the three-follicular wave pattern being most frequently observed (58%), followed by four follicular waves (31.6%) per estrous cycle. There were no significant differences (p>0.05) between the PGF(2α)- or CIDR-synchronized and natural estrous cycles nor between the synchronized and subsequent non-synchronized cycles in terms of the time of ovulation, the duration of inter-ovulatory intervals, daily numbers of antral follicles ≥3mm in diameter, and the number of follicular waves per cycle in the goats of the present study.Reproductive biology 11/2012; 12(3):325-8. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this experiment was to improve the reproductive performance of a short-interval prostaglandin (PG)-based protocol for timed artificial insemination in sheep, using a short-term nutritional treatment. During the breeding season (March–April), 132 multiparous and 61 nulliparous Corriedale ewes grazing natural pastures (600 kg DM/ha, 8.5% CP), were allocated to two groups: 1, Control group (n = 100) two injections of D-Cloprostenol (75 μg per dose, 7 d apart: Synchrovine® protocol); and 2, Supplemented group (n = 93) ewes in which stage of the oestrous cycle was synchronised with Synchrovine® protocol plus focus feeding of a protein supplement (33.8% CP) between PG doses (Day −7 to −2). Cervical AI was performed at fixed time (Day 0), 46 ± 1.0 h after the second PG injection using 150 million sperm per ewe. Ovulation rate (Day 10), pregnancy rate, prolificacy and fecundity at Day 69 were evaluated by ultrasonography. Ovulation rate at Day 10 (1.20 ± 0.05 vs. 1.22 ± 0.05), pregnancy (46 ± 0.05 vs. 56 ± 0.05), prolificacy (1.09 ± 0.04 vs. 1.06 ± 0.05), and fecundity (0.49 ± 0.06 vs. 0.59 ± 0.06) at Day 69, were similar between groups (P > 0.05; Control and Supplemented group respectively). It is concluded that focus feeding for 6 d with protein supplementation during a short-interval PG-based protocol (Synchrovine®) did not improve the reproductive outcome associated with this protocol.Animal Reproduction Science. 01/2014;