Analysis of the budding yeast pH 4–7 proteome in meiosis

School of Biomolecular and Biomedical Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland.
Proteomics (Impact Factor: 3.81). 02/2010; 10(3):506-19. DOI: 10.1002/pmic.200900561
Source: PubMed


Meiosis, the developmental programme generating haploid gametes from diploid precursors, requires two cell divisions and many innovations. In budding yeast, a large number of genes are expressed exclusively during meiosis while others are repressed compared to vegetative growth. Microarray analysis has shown that gene expression during meiosis is highly regulated, and has been used to classify yeast genes according to meiotic temporal expression pattern. In this study, we have begun to investigate the kinetics of meiotic protein expression using a proteomics approach. 2-D DIGE was used to characterise the temporal protein expression patterns of the budding yeast pH 4-7 proteome in meiosis. More than 1400 meiotic protein spots were visualised and at least 63 spots were temporally regulated during meiosis in a statistically significant manner. Gel spots with significant expression changes were excised and 26 unique proteins were identified using LC-MS/MS. The identified proteins could be classified into functional categories and the genes encoding a number of these were previously shown to be involved in yeast sporulation and meiosis. This data set was used to assemble the first differential 2-D PAGE map of budding yeast meiosis, which can be accessed through a web server. This work represents one of the first quantitative proteomic analyses of meiosis in yeast and will provide a valuable resource for future investigations.

Download full-text


Available from: Julia Grassl, Mar 05, 2015
1 Follower
18 Reads
  • Source
    • "Apart from genome wide studies, few proteomic studies have also been carried out to identify proteins specifically during sporulation as well as to compare the expression of proteins at different stages of the meiotic cell cycle [10] [11] [12]. Since the uniqueness of chromosome segregation in meiosis over mitosis lies on the execution of meiosis I, we aimed to compare the proteome of the cells residing within meiosis I to that of the cells proceeding through the equivalent stage in mitosis which was not investigated in previous proteomic studies. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Unlabelled: Precise and timely segregation of genetic material and conservation of ploidy are the two foremost requirements for survival of a eukaryotic organism. Two highly regulated cell division processes, namely mitosis and meiosis are central to achieve this objective. The modes of chromosome segregation are distinct in these two processes that generate progeny cells of equal ploidy and half the ploidy in mitosis and meiosis, respectively. Additionally, the nutritional requirement and intracellular processing of biological cue also differ in these two processes. From this, it can be envisaged that proteome of mitotic and meiotic cells will differ significantly. Therefore, identification of proteins that differ in their level of expression between mitosis and meiosis would further reveal the mechanistic detail of these processes. In the present study, we have investigated the protein expression profile of mitosis and meiosis by comparing proteome of budding yeast cultures arrested at mitotic metaphase and metaphase-I of meiosis using proteomic approach. Approximately 1000 and 2000 protein spots were visualized on 2-DE and 2D-DIGE gels respectively, out of which 14 protein spots were significant in 2-DE and 22 in 2D-DIGE (p<0.05). All the significant spots were reproducible in all biological replicates and followed the same trend. Identification of the proteins from these spots revealed that nine proteins were common in both 2-DE and 2D-DIGE. These proteins are found to be involved in various cellular processes and pathways such as cytoskeleton function and cytokinesis, carbon, nitrogen, lipid metabolism, general translation and protein folding. Among these, our further study with the cytoskeletal proteins reveals that, compared to mitosis, an up-regulation of actin cytoskeleton and its negative regulator occurs in meiosis. Biological significance: Mitosis and meiosis are two different types of cell division cycles with entirely different outcomes with definite biological implication for almost all eukaryotic species. In this work, we investigated, for the first time, the differential proteomic profile of Saccharomyces cerevisiae culture arrested at mitotic metaphase (M) and metaphase-I (MI) of meiosis using 2-DE and 2D-DIGE. Our findings of up-regulation of actin and its negative regulator cofilin during meiosis suggest that the rate of actin cytoskeleton turnover is more in meiosis and actin cytoskeleton may play more crucial role during meiosis compared to mitosis. Present study also suggests that actin cytoskeleton and its regulators accumulated during meiosis by forming stable protein structure even though the corresponding mRNAs are degraded as cells enter into meiosis. This is in accordance with recent studies in higher eukaryotes where actin cytoskeleton is found to play vital role during meiotic chromosome segregation. Information generated by this study is significant to reveal that even though a cell that, unlike mitosis, is metabolically inactive with no isotropic bulging of membranes as buds (in meiosis) can require more actin cytoskeleton presumably to support nuclear movements.
    Journal of Proteomics 06/2014; 109. DOI:10.1016/j.jprot.2014.06.006 · 3.89 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "For the DIGE time course, five single-colony isolates were processed in parallel and synchrony of the replicates was assessed by DAPI staining and expression of the REC8 protein as previously described [23]. Time course samples from the three replicate cultures judged to be the most synchronous were selected for DIGE labelling and analysis; two of these replicates had been used in the pH 4–7 analysis [23] "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Meiosis is the cell division that generates haploid gametes from diploid precursors. To provide insight into the functional proteome of budding yeast during meiosis, a 2-D DIGE kinetic approach was used to study proteins in the pH 6-11 range. Nearly 600 protein spots were visualised and 79 spots exhibited statistically significant changes in abundance as cells progressed through meiosis. Expression changes of up to 41-fold were detected and protein sequence information was obtained for 48 spots. Single protein identifications were obtained for 21 spots including different gel mobility forms of 5 proteins. A large number of post-translational events are suggested for these proteins, including processing, modification and import. The data are incorporated into an online 2-DE map of meiotic proteins in budding yeast, which extends our initial DIGE investigation of proteins in the pH 4-7 range. Together, the analyses provide peptide sequence data for 84 protein spots, including 50 single-protein identifications and gel mobility isoforms of 8 proteins. The largest classes of identified proteins include carbon metabolism, protein catabolism, protein folding, protein synthesis and the oxidative stress response. A number of the corresponding genes are required for yeast meiosis and recent studies have identified similar classes of proteins expressed during mammalian meiosis. This proteomic investigation and the resulting protein reference map make an important contribution towards a more detailed molecular view of yeast meiosis.
    Proteomics 12/2010; 10(24):4401-14. DOI:10.1002/pmic.201000376 · 3.81 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The success of a proteomic experiment largely depends on the quality and quantity of the protein extract. Currently, various protocols are available for extraction of proteins from different types of samples; however, further optimization is required for every new sample type. Hence, a common protein extraction protocol is desirable. In the present study, soluble proteins were extracted from six diverse samples using TRIzol without any additional clean-up step and subjected to 2-DE and 2D-DIGE analysis for global protein expression profiling. Image analysis using IMP7 and DeCyder showed good coverage, reproducibility and quality of the gel. MS analysis of 24 spots from all the six samples showed good score and coverage for the identified proteins. Additionally, this method facilitated the concurrent isolation of RNA from the same cell lysates with high integrity and quality, suitable for transcriptomic analysis. Thus, we demonstrate the use of a common protein extraction protocol involving TRIzol reagent for 2-DE, 2D-DIGE and MS analysis using six diverse samples and show its suitability for concomitant transcriptomic studies.
    Current Proteomics 12/2013; 10(4):298-311. DOI:10.2174/15701646113106660004 · 0.64 Impact Factor
Show more