Adolescent Medicine: Attitudes, Training, and Experience Of Pediatric, Family Medicine, and Obstetric-Gynecology Residents

Contra Costa Family Medicine Residency, Martinez, California, USA.
The Yale journal of biology and medicine 12/2009; 82(4):129-41.
Source: PubMed


Several studies have documented a deficiency in the delivery of preventive services to adolescents during physician visits in the United States. This study sought to assess and compare pediatric, family medicine (FM), and obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) resident perceptions of their responsibility, training, and experience with providing comprehensive health care services to adolescents.
A 57-item, close-ended survey was designed and administered to assess resident perceptions of the scope of their practice, training, and experience with providing adolescent health care across a series of health care categories.
Of the 87 respondents (31 OB/GYN, 29 FM, and 27 pediatric), most residents from all three fields felt that the full range of adolescent preventive and clinical services represented in the survey fell under their scope of practice. Residents from all three fields need more training and experience with mental health issues, referring teenagers to substance abuse treatment programs, and addressing physical and sexual abuse. In addition, OB-GYN residents reported deficiencies in training and experience regarding several preventive counseling and general health services, while pediatric residents reported deficiencies in training and experience regarding sexual health services.
Our results indicate that at this time, residents from these three specialties are not optimally prepared to provide the full range of recommended preventive and clinical services to adolescents.

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  • Current opinion in obstetrics & gynecology 10/2010; 22(5):361-2. DOI:10.1097/GCO.0b013e32833ef226 · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pediatric residents often cite a lack of confidence with adolescents owing to minimal exposure during training. Self-efficacy has been evaluated in a general context but not in relation to perception of knowledge and communication skill. Study objectives were to evaluate resident self-efficacy during a month-long adolescent rotation and to assess knowledge and communication skills in their relationship to self-efficacy. Data were collected as part of the adolescent medicine rotation for pediatric residents at a local children's hospital. Residents completed 2 standardized patient cases at the beginning of the rotation and a self-efficacy instrument before/after the cases and at the end of the rotation. The study assessed trends in self-efficacy using repeated-measures analysis of variance and χ tests to examine relationships between self-efficacy and knowledge as well as communication in preventative and sexually transmitted infection adolescent health. Resident (n = 44) self-efficacy levels significantly changed over all time points and were significantly related to knowledge and communication levels. Although self-efficacy levels decreased immediately after the standardized patient cases, all self-efficacy items were significantly higher at the end of the rotation. Residents confident or very confident in general health topics were deficient in asking basic history items and residents confident or very confident in high-risk topics often did not actually assess these areas with patients. Residents' personal assessments on paper may differ from actual clinical interactions. Standardized patient cases expose resident strengths and weaknesses with adolescents, and a month-long adolescent rotation allows for repetitive experiences with special adolescent health care topics with associated increase in self-efficacy, knowledge application, and communication skill.
    Simulation in healthcare: journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare 10/2013; 8(6). DOI:10.1097/SIH.0b013e31829be91a · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives To evaluate student self-efficacy, knowledge and communication with teen issues and learning activities. Methods Data were collected during the 8-week pediatric rotation for third–year medical students at a local children’s hospital. Students completed a self-efficacy instrument at the beginning and end of the rotation; knowledge and communication skills were evaluated during standardized patient cases as part of the objective structured clinical examination. Self-efficacy, knowledge and communication frequencies were described with descriptive statistics; differences between groups were also evaluated utilizing two-sample t-tests. Results Self-efficacy levels of both groups increased by the end of the pediatric rotation, but students in the two-lecture group displayed significantly higher self-efficacy in confidentiality with adolescents (t(35)=-2.543, p=0.02); interviewing adolescents, assessing risk, sexually transmitted infection risk and prevention counseling, contraception counseling were higher with marginal significance. No significant differences were found between groups for communication; assessing sexually transmitted infection risk was marginally significant for knowledge application during the clinical exam. Conclusions Medical student self-efficacy appears to change over time with effects from different learning methods; this higher self-efficacy may increase future comfort and willingness to work with this high-risk, high-needs group throughout a medical career.
    08/2014; 5:165-72. DOI:10.5116/ijme.53d3.7b30
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