Feasibility of using audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI) screening in routine HIV care.
ABSTRACT We evaluated the feasibility of implementing audio computer-assisted self-interviews (ACASI) as part of routine clinical care at two community hospital-based HIV clinics in New York City. Between June 2003 and August 2006, 215 patients completed 1001 ACASI sessions in English or Spanish prior to their scheduled clinical appointments. Topics covered included antiretroviral therapy adherence, depression symptoms, alcohol and drug use, and condom use. Patients and providers received feedback reports immediately after each session. Feasibility was evaluated by quantitative analysis of ACASI responses, medical chart reviews, a brief patient questionnaire administered at the conclusion of each computer session, patient focus groups, and semi-structured provider interviews. ACASI interviews frequently identified inadequate medication adherence and depression symptoms: at baseline, 31% of patients reported < or =95% adherence over the past three days and 52% had symptoms of depression (CES-D score > or =16). Substance abuse problems were identified less frequently. Patients were comfortable with the ACASI and appreciated it as an additional communication route with their providers; however, expectations about the level of communication achieved were sometimes higher than actual practice. Providers felt the summary feedback information was useful when received in a timely fashion and when they were familiar with the clinical indicators reported. Repeated ACASI sessions did not have a favorable impact on adherence, depression, or substance use outcomes. No improvements in HIV RNA suppression were observed in comparison to patients who did not participate in the study. We conclude that it is feasible to integrate an ACASI screening tool into routine HIV clinical care to identify patients with inadequate medication adherence and depression symptoms. Repeated screening was not associated with improved clinical outcomes. ACASI screening should be considered in HIV clinical care settings to assist providers in identifying patients with the greatest need for targeted psychosocial services including adherence support and depression care.
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ABSTRACT: In Florida, the HIV case rate among black men is five times that of white men; tailored HIV prevention interventions are lacking. Historical concerns regarding trust with public health venues and sharing sensitive information make face-to-face data collection with some rural, southern black men challenging. We evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of using audio computer-assisted self-interviews (ACASIs) by local community-based organization members to collect HIV-related information from black men in rural settings. We used logistic regression to estimate associations between using ACASI and participants' sociodemographic characteristics. Of 636 men approached, 586 (92.0%) participated, 479 (81.7%) never completed a computer survey, and 287 (71%) of those reporting a preference preferred ACASI for future data collections. Increased age, past computer use, and sharing a household with someone were significantly associated with ACASI feasibility and acceptability. Using ACASI with black men in rural settings is feasible for HIV intervention research and disparity-reducing goals.AIDS Care 04/2014; DOI:10.1080/09540121.2014.911812 · 1.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to understand how different types of barriers to adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) were related and their differential impact on objectively measured adherence over time. Data from 151 patients taking ART were used to describe four sub-types of self-reported adherence barriers: medication and health concerns (MHC), stigma (S), family responsibilities (FR), and problems with schedule and routine (PSR). Generalized linear models with generalized estimating equations (GEE) were used to examine the impact of barriers on adherence over time. The sample was 23 % female, mean age 42 years, with 26 % African-American and 20 % Hispanic. The overall average adherence was 73 %. Patients reported at least one PSR barrier in 66 % of study visits, MHC in 40 %, S in 17 %, and FR in 6 %. In 40 % of visits, patients reported two or more barrier sub-types. There were statistically significant (p ≤ 0.05) decreases of 3.9, 2.5, and 2.4 in percent adherence, for MHC, PSR, and S, respectively, per unit increase in barrier score. Interventions to address different types of patient-identified barriers to ART adherence using targeted approaches are needed.AIDS and Behavior 04/2014; 19(1). DOI:10.1007/s10461-014-0775-2 · 3.49 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The time required to conduct drug and alcohol screening has been a major barrier to its implementation in mainstream healthcare settings. Because patient self-administered tools are potentially more efficient, we translated the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) into an audio guided computer assisted self interview (ACASI) format. This study reports on the test-retest reliability of the ACASI ASSIST in an adult primary care population. Adult primary care patients completed the ACASI ASSIST, in English or Spanish, twice within a 1–4 week period. Among the 101 participants, there were no significant differences between test administrations in detecting moderate to high risk use for tobacco, alcohol, or any other drug class. Substance risk scores from the two administrations had excellent concordance (90-98%) and high correlation (ICC 0.90-0.97) for tobacco, alcohol, and drugs. The ACASI ASSIST has good test-retest reliability, and warrants additional study to evaluate its validity for detecting unhealthy substance use.Journal of substance abuse treatment 07/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jsat.2014.01.007 · 2.90 Impact Factor