A Gram-negative, motile, non-spore-forming and lipolytic bacterial strain, designated Gung47(T), was isolated from a tidal flat on the west coast of Korea. Strain Gung47(T) grew optimally at 30 °C and with 2-5 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain Gung47(T) belonged to the genus Photobacterium. Strain Gung47(T) exhibited 98.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Photobacterium rosenbergii LMG 22223(T) and 94.3-96.3 % similarity with other type strains of species of the genus Photobacterium. Strain Gung47(T) exhibited 47 % DNA-DNA relatedness to P. rosenbergii LMG 22223(T). Strain Gung47(T) contained Q-8 as the predominant ubiquinone and C(16 : 1)ω7c and/or iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH, C(16 : 0) and C(18 : 1)ω7c as the major fatty acids. In this study, two closely related type strains, P. rosenbergii LMG 22223(T) and Photobacterium halotolerans LMG 22194(T), were also found to have Q-8 as the predominant ubiquinone. The DNA G+C content of strain Gung47(T) was 50.6 mol%. The differential phenotypic properties together with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness of strain Gung47(T) demonstrated that this strain is distinguishable from recognized Photobacterium species. Therefore, strain Gung47(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Photobacterium, for which the name Photobacterium gaetbulicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Gung47(T) (=KCTC 22804(T) =CCUG 58399(T)).
"); 3, P. gaetbulicola Gung 47 T (Kim et al., 2010); 4, P. lutimaris LMG 25278 T (Chimetto et al., 2010; Jung et al., 2007); 5, P. jeanii LMG 25436 T (Chimetto et al., 2010; Srinivas et al., 2013); 6, P. leiognathi LMG 4228 T (Baumann & Baumann, 1984; Chimetto et al., 2010; Nogi, Masui & Kato, 1998; Yoshizawa et al., 2009). +, Positive; −, negative; w, weak; v, variable; nd, no data available. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Five novel strains of Photobacterium (A-394T, A-373, A-379, A-397 and A-398) were isolated from bleached coral Madracis decactis (scleractinian) in the remote St Peter & St Archipelago (SPSPA), Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Brazil. Healthy M. decactis specimens were also surveyed, but no strains were related to them. The novel isolates formed a distinct lineage based on the 16S rRNA, recA, and rpoA gene sequences analysis. Their closest phylogenetic neighbours were Photobacterium rosenbergii, P. gaetbulicola, and P. lutimaris, sharing 96.6 to 95.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. The novel species can be differentiated from the closest neighbours by several phenotypic and chemotaxonomic markers. It grows at pH 11, produces tryptophane deaminase, presents the fatty acid C18:0, but lacks C16:0 iso. The whole cell protein profile, based in MALDI-TOF MS, distinguished the strains of the novel species among each other and from the closest neighbors. In addition, we are releasing the whole genome sequence of the type strain. The name Photobacterium sanctipauli sp. nov. is proposed for this taxon. The G+C content of the type strain A-394T (=LMG 27910T = CAIM 1892T) is 48.2 mol%.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A facultatively anaerobic marine gammaproteobacterium, designated strain M46(T), was isolated from Mediterranean seawater at Malvarrosa beach, Valencia, Spain. The strain was characterized by using a polyphasic approach and was found to be situated within the genus Photobacterium in the family Vibrionaceae. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain M46(T) was closely related to P. rosenbergii CECT 7644(T), P. halotolerans CECT 5860(T) and P. ganghwense CECT 7641(T), showing sequence similarities of 96.8, 96.4 and 96.2 %, respectively. According to the results of phylogenetic analyses based on recA and gyrB gene sequences, the most closely related taxon was P. ganghwense CECT 7641(T) with 87.4 and 85.0 % sequence similarity, respectively. Regardless of the gene used in phylogenetic analysis, strain M46(T) always formed a separate and stable clade containing these three species of the genus Photobacterium. Strain M46(T) was not luminescent and produced a diffusible brown pigment. It required NaCl to grow, reduced nitrate to nitrite and oxidized a small number of substrates in Biolog GN plates. Strain M46(T) was positive for arginine dihydrolase (ADH), β-galactosidase, aesculin hydrolysis and DNase activity. In API ZYM tests, the novel strain was positive for alkaline phosphatase, leucine arylamidase and acidic phosphatase activities. The major cellular fatty acids were unsaturated C(18) and C(16), as in other members of the genus Photobacterium, but their relative amounts and the presence or absence of other fatty acids differentiated strain M46(T) from its closest relatives. Based on the results of this polyphasic taxonomic study, strain M46(T) represents a novel species of the genus Photobacterium, for which the name Photobacterium aphoticum is proposed. The type strain is M46(T) ( = CECT 7614(T) = KCTC 23057(T)).
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 07/2011; 61(Pt 7):1579-84. DOI:10.1099/ijs.0.025171-0 · 2.51 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The gram-reaction-negative, motile, facultatively anaerobic, catalase-positive, oxidase-positive bacterial strain M3-4(T) was isolated from black sea sand and subjected to a taxonomic study. Cells of strain M3-4(T) have monotrichous flagella, grow optimally at 37°C and at pH 7-8 in the presence of 1-4% (w/v) NaCl and hydrolyze casein, starch and L: -tyrosine. According to phylogenetic analyses using 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain M3-4(T) belongs to the genus Photobacterium and is most closely related to Photobacterium rosenbergii LMG 22223(T) (97.4%) and P. gaetbulicola KCTC 22804(T) (96.6%). The DNA-DNA relatedness value between M3-4(T) and P. rosenbergii LMG 22223(T) was 21.5%. The DNA G+C mol% of strain M3-4(T) was 53.6. The major cellular fatty acid of strain M3-4(T) was a summed feature 3 consisting of C(16:1) ω7c and/or iso-C(15:0) 2-OH (35.0%), followed by C(16:0) (25.4%) and C(18:1)ω7c (16.8%). These data suggest that strain M3-4(T) represents a novel species in genus Photobacterium, for which the name P. atrarenae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is M3-4(T) (= KCTC 23265(T) = NCAIM B 02414(T)).
Current Microbiology 08/2011; 63(5):433-8. DOI:10.1007/s00284-011-9994-1 · 1.42 Impact Factor
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