Testicular asymmetry and adolescent varicoceles managed expectantly.
ABSTRACT Adolescent varicocele is often associated with testicular asymmetry. Depending on the degree of asymmetry, some physicians will recommend surgery. However, given the possibility that asynchronous growth may be transient, others advocate for a period of observation. We reviewed our outcomes in such patients who were initially treated expectantly.
We retrospectively reviewed our pediatric varicocele database. We analyzed the outcomes of patients presenting for evaluation of varicocele who were followed with serial testicular volume measurements using scrotal ultrasound or ring orchidometry and who had at least a 6-month interval between measurements. Fisher's exact test was used to compare groups based on initial and final testicular asymmetry.
We identified 181 patients (median age 13.8 years) who were followed expectantly. Serial volume measurements had been obtained at a median interval of 12 months (interquartile range 8 to 21) between first and most recent visits. Mean percent asymmetry for the group did not change with time. Among patients who initially had less than 20% asymmetry 35% had 20% or greater asymmetry on followup, and among those with 20% or greater asymmetry initially 53% remained in that range (p = 0.007).
Asymmetry can be a transient phenomenon. Patients with initial asymmetry can end up with significant asymmetry, and many with significant asymmetry can have catch-up growth. However, when patients have a peak retrograde flow of 38 cm per second or greater on duplex Doppler ultrasound in association with 20% or greater asymmetry spontaneous catch-up growth is unlikely to occur.
- The Journal of Urology 06/2014; · 3.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To study youth who have a varicocele or are undergoing varicocele treatment, in relation to changes in semen, as measured by semen analysis (SA).Fertility and Sterility 06/2014; · 4.30 Impact Factor
Article: [Scrotal space-occupying lesions.][Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Palpable scrotal masses are common scenarios in any clinical practice. These tumors can be painful or painless, can be intratesticular or extratesticular and be cystic or solid. The distinction between benign and malignant tumors is of utmost importance to enable an adequate and differentiated therapy of patients. In clinical diagnostics besides the medical history, examination of the inguinoscrotal region, laboratory diagnostics and ultrasound examination of the inguinoscrotal area play a decisive role. During the last few years the increased use of contrast-enhanced ultrasound has helped clinicians in differentiating scrotal tumors. Malignant tumors are of particular importance because this entity is the most frequent malignant disease among younger men and according to the Robert Koch Institute there are approximately 3900 new patients in Germany each year (Robert Koch Institute, Krebs in Deutschland 2007/2008 and 2012).Der Urologe. Ausg. A. 08/2014;