Testicular Asymmetry and Adolescent Varicoceles Managed Expectantly
ABSTRACT Adolescent varicocele is often associated with testicular asymmetry. Depending on the degree of asymmetry, some physicians will recommend surgery. However, given the possibility that asynchronous growth may be transient, others advocate for a period of observation. We reviewed our outcomes in such patients who were initially treated expectantly.
We retrospectively reviewed our pediatric varicocele database. We analyzed the outcomes of patients presenting for evaluation of varicocele who were followed with serial testicular volume measurements using scrotal ultrasound or ring orchidometry and who had at least a 6-month interval between measurements. Fisher's exact test was used to compare groups based on initial and final testicular asymmetry.
We identified 181 patients (median age 13.8 years) who were followed expectantly. Serial volume measurements had been obtained at a median interval of 12 months (interquartile range 8 to 21) between first and most recent visits. Mean percent asymmetry for the group did not change with time. Among patients who initially had less than 20% asymmetry 35% had 20% or greater asymmetry on followup, and among those with 20% or greater asymmetry initially 53% remained in that range (p = 0.007).
Asymmetry can be a transient phenomenon. Patients with initial asymmetry can end up with significant asymmetry, and many with significant asymmetry can have catch-up growth. However, when patients have a peak retrograde flow of 38 cm per second or greater on duplex Doppler ultrasound in association with 20% or greater asymmetry spontaneous catch-up growth is unlikely to occur.
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