Incidence of myocardial infarction or stroke or death at 47-month follow-up in patients with diabetes and a predicted exercise capacity <or=85% vs >85% during an exercise treadmill sestamibi stress test.
ABSTRACT A treadmill exercise sestamibi stress test (TESST) was performed in 609 consecutive diabetic persons with a mean age of 70 years and no history of coronary artery disease (CAD) who were referred for a TESST because of chest pain or dyspnea. Of 609 patients, 301 (49%) had a predicted exercise capacity <or=85% (group A) and 308 (51%) had a predicted exercise capacity >85% (group B). Group A patients had a higher prevalence of myocardial ischemia (43% vs 30%, P=.0005), 2- or 3-vessel obstructive CAD (38% vs 18%, P=.001), myocardial infarction (17% vs 9%, P=.004), death (10% vs 4%, P=.008), and myocardial infarction or stroke or death at 47-month follow-up (21% vs 12%, P=.001). Stepwise Cox regression analysis showed that the only significant independent predictor for the time to development of myocardial infarction or stroke or death was a predicted exercise capacity >85% (hazard ratio, 0.52; 95% confidence interval, 0.34-0.78; P=.002). Diabetic persons with a predicted exercise capacity >85% had a 48% lower chance of myocardial infarction, stroke, or death than those with a predicted exercise capacity <or=85%.
- SourceAvailable from: Vasilios Papademetriou[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Exercise capacity is inversely related to mortality risk in healthy individuals and those with cardiovascular diseases. This evidence is based largely on white populations, with little information available for blacks. We assessed the association between exercise capacity and mortality in black (n=6749; age, 58+/-11 years) and white (n=8911; age, 60+/-11 years) male veterans with and without cardiovascular disease who successfully completed a treadmill exercise test at the Veterans Affairs Medical Centers in Washington, DC, and Palo Alto, Calif. Fitness categories were based on peak metabolic equivalents (METs) achieved. Subjects were followed up for all-cause mortality for 7.5+/-5.3 years. Among clinical and exercise test variables, exercise capacity was the strongest predictor of risk for mortality. The adjusted risk was reduced by 13% for every 1-MET increase in exercise capacity (hazard ratio, 0.87; 95% confidence interval, 0.86 to 0.88; P<0.001). Compared with those who achieved <5 METs, the mortality risk was approximately 50% lower for those with an exercise capacity of 7.1 to 10 METs (hazard ratio, 0.51; 95% confidence interval, 0.47 to 0.56; P<0.001) and 70% lower for those achieving >10 METs (hazard ratio, 0.31; 95% confidence interval, 0.26 to 0.36; P<0.001). The findings were similar for those with and without cardiovascular disease and for both races. Exercise capacity is a strong predictor of all-cause mortality in blacks and whites. The relationship was inverse and graded, with a similar impact on mortality outcomes for both blacks and whites.Circulation 03/2008; 117(5):614-22. · 15.20 Impact Factor
- Preventive Cardiology 02/2005; 8(1):63-4.
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ABSTRACT: Although exercise electrocardiography (ExECG) is commonly used to detect coronary artery disease, the diagnostic accuracy and reliability of positive (ischemic) results of ExECG in low- and intermediate-risk populations are limited. Accordingly, many patients with positive results of ExECG undergo secondary evaluation using noninvasive stress imaging such as exercise echocardiography. Functional capacity is a strong predictor of prognosis and, indirectly, of high-risk coronary artery disease. It was hypothesized that high functional capacity in patients with positive results of ExECG would predict (1) negative results on subsequent exercise echocardiography and (2) a low risk for late mortality. Results were analyzed in 104 consecutive patients (79 men, 25 women; mean age 49 years, range 27 to 76) referred for exercise echocardiography after positive results of ExECG with a treadmill workload of > or =10 METs. Late all-cause mortality was also determined in these patients. Exercise echocardiographic results were negative in 93% of patients (97 of 104; 92% of men [73 of 79] and 100% of women [25 of 25]) and positive in 7% (7 of 104). During a mean follow-up period of 7.2 +/- 1.9 years, there was 1 death. In conclusion, high functional capacity in patients with positive results of ExECG is associated with negative exercise echocardiographic results in most patients and very low late mortality. Patients with ischemic ST-segment response on ExECG who achieve workloads of > or =10 METs infrequently require additional noninvasive or invasive evaluation.The American Journal of Cardiology 06/2008; 101(11):1541-3. · 3.21 Impact Factor