Neurons Preferentially Respond to Self-MHC Class I Allele Products Regardless of Peptide Presented

Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 5.36). 12/2009; 184(2):816-23. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.0902159
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Studies of mice lacking MHC class I (MHC I)-associated proteins have demonstrated a role for MHC I in neurodevelopment. A central question arising from these observations is whether neuronal recognition of MHC I has specificity for the MHC I allele product and the peptide presented. Using a well-established embryonic retina explant system, we observed that picomolar levels of a recombinant self-MHC I molecule inhibited neurite outgrowth. We then assessed the neurobiological activity of a panel of recombinant soluble MHC Is, consisting of different MHC I heavy chains with a defined self- or nonself-peptide presented, on cultured embryonic retinas from mice with different MHC I haplotypes. We observed that self-MHC I allele products had greater inhibitory neuroactivity than nonself-MHC I molecules, regardless of the nature of the peptide presented, a pattern akin to MHC I recognition by some innate immune system receptors. However, self-MHC I molecules had no effect on retinas from MHC I-deficient mice. These observations suggest that neuronal recognition of MHC I may be coordinated with the inherited MHC I alleles, as occurs in the innate immune system. Consistent with this notion, we show that MHC I and MHC I receptors are coexpressed by precursor cells at the earliest stages of retina development, which could enable such coordination.

Download full-text


Available from: Sebastian Joyce, Feb 04, 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mice deficient in classical major histocompatibility complex class I (MHCI) have aberrations in neurodevelopment. The consequences of upregulated neuronal MHCI expression have not been examined. We found that transgenic C57Bl/6 mice that are engineered to express higher levels of self-D(b) on their CNS neurons have alterations in their hippocampal morphology and retinogeniculate projections, as well as impaired neurorepair responses. Thus, enhanced neuronal classical MHCI expression can lead to aberrations in neural circuitry and neurorepair. These findings complement a growing body of knowledge concerning the neurobiological activities of MHCI and may have potential clinical relevance.
    Journal of neuroimmunology 10/2010; 232(1-2):8-16. DOI:10.1016/j.jneuroim.2010.09.009 · 2.79 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Studies of mice deficient in classical major histocompatability complex class I (MHCI) revealed that MHCI plays an important role in neurodevelopment in the central nervous system. We previously studied the effects of recombinant MHCI molecules on wildtype retina explants and observed that MHCI can inhibit retina neurite outgrowth, with self-MHCI molecules having greater inhibitory effect than non-self MHCI molecules. Here, we examined classical MHCI's effects on axon outgrowth from neurons of the peripheral nervous system (PNS). We used the embryonic dorsal root ganglia (DRG) explant model since their neurons express MHCI and because DRG explants have been widely used to assess the effects of molecules on axonal outgrowth from PNS neurons. We observed that picomolar levels of a recombinant self-MHCI molecule, but not non-self MHCI molecules, inhibited axon outgrowth from DRG explants. This differential sensitivity to self- vs. non-self MHCI suggests that early in development, self-MHCI may "educate" PNS neurons to express appropriate MHCI receptors, as occurs during natural killer cell development. Furthermore, we observed that a MHCI tetramer stained embryonic DRG neurons, indicating the expression of classical MHCI receptors. These results suggest that MHCI and MHCI receptors play roles during early stages of PNS development and may provide new targets of therapeutic strategies to promote neuronal outgrowth after PNS injury.
    Immunology letters 10/2010; 135(1-2):118-23. DOI:10.1016/j.imlet.2010.10.011 · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several recent studies have highlighted the important role of immunity-related molecules in synaptic plasticity processes in the developing and adult mammalian brains. It has been suggested that neuronal MHCI (major histocompatibility complex class I) genes play a role in the refinement and pruning of synapses in the developing visual system. As a fast evolutionary rate may generate distinct properties of molecules in different mammalian species, we studied the expression of MHCI molecules in a nonhuman primate, the common marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus). Analysis of expression levels of MHCI molecules in the developing visual cortex of the common marmoset monkeys revealed a distinct spatio-temporal pattern. High levels of expression were detected very early in postnatal development, at a stage when synaptogenesis takes place and ocular dominance columns are formed. To determine whether the expression of MHCI molecules is regulated by retinal activity, animals were subjected to monocular enucleation. Levels of MHCI heavy chain subunit transcripts in the visual cortex were found to be elevated in response to monocular enucleation. Furthermore, MHCI heavy chain immunoreactivity revealed a banded pattern in layer IV of the visual cortex in enucleated animals, which was not observed in control animals. This pattern of immunoreactivity indicated that higher expression levels were associated with retinal activity coming from the intact eye. These data demonstrate that, in the nonhuman primate brain, expression of MHCI molecules is regulated by neuronal activity. Moreover, this study extends previous findings by suggesting a role for neuronal MHCI molecules during synaptogenesis in the visual cortex.
    Behavioral and Brain Functions 01/2011; 7:1. DOI:10.1186/1744-9081-7-1 · 2.00 Impact Factor
Show more