Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography in Patients With Pancreatic Trauma

Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States
The Journal of trauma (Impact Factor: 2.35). 12/2009; 68(3):538-44. DOI: 10.1097/TA.0b013e3181b5db7a
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT : Pancreatic injury occurs in from 3% to 12% of patients with abdominal trauma. In many instances, a lack of impressive findings in the first 24 hours leads to a delay in diagnosis. Because pancreatic duct disruption is the major cause of traumatic pancreatitis, we evaluated our experience with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients suspected of having of having pancreatic injury.
: We reviewed the medical records of 26 patients evaluated perioperatively by ERCP for suspected pancreatic duct injury. The examinations were performed in the endoscopy suite or radiography special procedures or operating rooms under direct fluoroscopic control using fiberoptic or videooptic duodenoscopes.
: Seventeen men and nine women with a mean age of 32.8 +/- 2.2 years suffered severe abdominal trauma. ERCP was performed in these patients a mean of 19 +/- 11.3 days after trauma. Seven patients underwent ERCP just before or at laparotomy. Eight of 26 (31%) patients were found to have intact pancreatic and bile ducts, whereas 18 (69%) patients had substantial findings unsuspected by pre-ERCP imaging. Nine of these 18 patients with documented ductal injury underwent endoscopic treatment alone without further surgical intervention, including pancreatic sphincterotomies and/or pancreatic ductal stenting.
: ERCP is feasible and strongly indicated in the care of many patients with pancreatic trauma. Patient care and overall surgical and hospital needs may be substantially impacted by the use of both diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic retrograde colongiopancreatography.

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May 20, 2014