Structural-level factors affecting implementation of the methadone maintenance therapy program in China.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA.
Journal of substance abuse treatment (Impact Factor: 2.9). 12/2009; 38(2):119-27. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsat.2009.09.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study identifies structural-level factors influencing methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) program implementation in China. Twenty-eight service providers and 560 randomly selected clients from 28 MMT clinics in the study area underwent face-to-face interviews. Number of clients, retention rate, coverage, and structural-level factors were collected from a survey of service providers. Individual-level factors and self-reported illicit drug use information were obtained from clients. Urine specimens were collected from the client participants to test for heroin use. Clinics affiliated with the local Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had more clients, higher retention rates, and broader coverage than those not affiliated with the CDC. Longer operating hours, incentive for compliant clients, and comprehensive services were positively associated with client recruitment and coverage. Comprehensive services and incentives for compliant clients were negatively associated with concurrent illicit drug use. Comprehensive services should be incorporated into the MMT program. Extended operating hours and incentives for compliant clients should be implemented.

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