Public Health Nutrition for this decade.
- SourceAvailable from: Laura Basterfield[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objective: To assess relationships between current physical activity (PA), dietary intake and body mass index (BMI) in English children. Design and setting: Longitudinal birth cohort study in northeast England, cross-sectional analysis. Participants: 425 children (41% of the original cohort) aged 6–8 years (49% boys). Main outcome measures: PA over 7 days was measured objectively by an accelerometer; three categories of PA were created: ‘active’ ≥60 min/day moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA); ‘moderately active’ 30–59 min/day MVPA; ‘inactive’ <30 min/day MVPA. Dietary intake over 4 days was measured using a prospective dietary assessment tool which incorporated elements of the food diary and food frequency methods. Three diet categories were created: ‘healthy’, ‘unhealthy’ and ‘mixed’, according to the number of portions of different foods consumed. Adherence to the ‘5-a-day’ recommendations for portions of fruit and vegetables was also assessed. Children were classified as ‘healthy weight’ or ‘overweight or obese’ (OW/OB) according to International Obesity Taskforce cutpoints for BMI. Associations between weight status and PA/diet categories were analysed using logistic regression. Results: Few children met the UK-recommended guidelines for either MVPA or fruit and vegetable intake, with just 7% meeting the recommended amount of MVPA of 60 min/day, and 3% meeting the 5-a-day fruit and vegetable recommendation. Higher PA was associated with a lower OR for OW/OB in boys only (0.20, 95% CI 0.04 to 0.88). There was no association detected between dietary intake and OW/OB in either sex. Conclusions: Increasing MVPA may help to reduce OW/OB in boys; however, more research is required to examine this relationship in girls. Children are not meeting the UK guidelines for diet and PA, and more needs to be done to improve this situation.BMJ Open 04/2014; · 2.06 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Most young adults do not consume recommended levels of fruits and vegetables (F/V), and interventions to increase F/V-related behaviors among this understudied population are needed. Therefore, it is important to identify correlates of F/V intake among young adults to guide intervention development. This cross-sectional study used data from an online survey to identify factors related to young adults' F/V purchasing, preparation, and consumption, and to explore between-factor relationships using mediation analysis. In 2010, 1,201 college students in Minnesota completed questionnaires assessing F/V behaviors as well as perceptions of F/V-related individual, social, and environmental factors. Factor analysis identified questionnaire items assessing similar constructs. Seven factors were identified (personal barriers, F/V knowledge, family, friends, neighborhood, access barriers, and campus) and evaluated for relationships with F/V purchasing, preparation, and consumption using linear regression. Results revealed that perceived personal barriers (eg, lacking cooking skills) were inversely related to all F/V outcomes. Perception that family and friends eat healthfully and neighborhood access to F/V were positively related to all outcomes. Individual-, social-, and environment-level perceptions were related to purchasing, preparation, and consumption, and the effects of these factors were similar when accounting for mediated effects. Factors at all three levels and the ways in which these various factors operate together may be important to consider in future efforts to improve F/V behaviors among young adults.Journal of the American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 08/2013; · 2.44 Impact Factor
- The Journal for Nurse Practitioners 07/2013; 9(7):416-421.
Public Health Nutrition: 13(1), 1–2
Public Health Nutrition for this decade
You will notice from the contents list beginning with this
issue that we have made some adjustments to our journal.
These follow from a discussion at a meeting of our edi-
torial board together with representatives of the Nutrition
Society and Cambridge University Press, held on the
occasion of the International Conference on Nutrition in
Bangkok last October.
The field of public health nutrition, as learned, taught
and practised, is relatively new and rapidly evolving.
Its issues are broad, complex and multidisciplinary. In a
dynamic environment, our journal needs to ensure that
it has optimal relevance to our topic and for you, our
readers. Accordingly, we have now adjusted the aims
and scope of the journal, and introduced related cate-
gories for papers, to give the journal an internal struc-
ture and to guide editors, reviewers, contributors and
The scope of Public Health Nutrition includes food sys-
tems and supplies, patterns of diet, foods and drinks,
nutrients, body composition, physical activity and asso-
ciated factors, and their effects on disease, health and
well-being, and on the whole living and physical worlds.
Our revised aims highlight a number of key objectives
of this journal, as shown in bold type below:
Public Health Nutrition provides an international
forum for the publication and dissemination of
research and scholarship in the form of peer-
reviewed original papers and reviews, and for
discussion in the form of editorials, commentary
and correspondence with a specific focus on
nutrition-related public health.
This journal has always been international in terms of
the origin of contributing authors and published papers.
The emphasis on research and scholarship recognises the
importance of different paradigms. External peer-review
ensures and enhances the quality of research findings. We
also aim to stimulate discussion and debate. And finally,
we see public health nutrition as one vital part of the
discipline of public health, and therefore inextricably
linked to all the sciences that discipline encompasses:
social, economic, political, environmental, as well as
biological and behavioural.
We are now receiving more and more papers for con-
sideration. This means that we have to raise the standards
for acceptance of papers, while always taking into
account contributors from less-resourced parts of the
world. We are now asking our editors and reviewers to
have sharper eyes for quality and relevance.
As a guide to contributors, we prefer papers that are
innovative (do not report on research already undertaken
elsewhere) and succinct (well under 5000 words includ-
ing references). Authors may be asked to shorten papers,
and annexes and illustrative supporting material may be
published online only. Short communications are welcome.
We prefer research, scholarship and discussions that take
a population, health-promoting and preventive approach.
Papers that do not have this emphasis will be directed to
more appropriate journals.
As from now authors are asked to position their con-
tributions within the scope and categories outlined in
the table on the following page which, we believe,
encompass public health nutrition in the broader sense
according to definitions above, as studied and practised.
We hope that these guidelines will encourage papers
that are increasingly relevant and trenchant. If potential
contributors feel that their papers do not fit within this
scope and these categories they should please say so.
Currently we are particularly looking for papers report-
ing on high-quality interventions, and also papers on
public policy and professional capacity building. Our
discipline badly needs more work in these areas in order
to build a stronger evidence base. We look forward to
your contributions this year and during the years to
r The Authors 2010
Public Health Nutrition: 13(1), 2
WHO launches the Nutrition Landscape Information
The NLIS is developed as a component of the Landscape
Analysis on Countries’ Readiness to Accelerate Action
in Nutrition which was a project funded by the Bill
and Melinda Gates Foundation (http://www.who.int/
This web-based information system provides nutrition
and nutrition-related health and development data in
the form of both automated country profiles and user-
defined downloadable data which pull together the data
from the WHO Nutrition Databases dynamically.
The NLIS draws data for the country profiles from
available databases. Sources include WHO, UNICEF, UN
Statistics Division, UNDP, FAO, DHS, the World Bank,
IFPRI and ILO. The data from these partner agencies are
updated every 2 months. However, more recent data
might be available from other sources, including in-
The NLIS is still work in progress and will continued to
be in order to achieve continued enhancement and
update. The first phase has been accomplished and it has
met the first milestone as one of the interagency products
of the Landscape Analysis project, through achieving:
J Improved access to comprehensive nutrition informa-
tion across multiple sources from our partner agencies
J Combined information using the UNICEF conceptual
framework which will facilitate and contribute to more
integrated approaches to scaling up effective nutrition
J Linked dynamically to WHO Global Nutrition Data-
J Easy access to quality information compiled by the
partner agencies, leading to more informed decision-
J Most indicators available for all countries (Comprehen-
NLIS can be accessed directly at http://www.who.int/
nutrition/nlis or through the NHD website at http://www.
who.int/nutrition (see the right hand top corner).
Public Health Nutrition: scope and categories of papers to take effect as from 2010
Scope Category of papers
Address nutritional status assessment, monitoring
Monitoring and surveillance
Assessment and methodology
Identify and analyse social, cultural, biological, environmental, economic
and political determinants of nutrition-related public health
Biological and behavioural determinants
Social, economic, political and
Build intelligence about the development, implementation and evaluation of
public health nutrition interventions
Describe, discuss, debate
and influence food and nutrition policy
Focus on improving food and nutrition-related public health, particularly in
those populations that are most vulnerable and at risk
Discuss and build capacity
for effective public health nutrition action, including workforce
development and educational issues
Develop and test new models, methods and approaches to public health
nutrition practice and research
2 A Yngve et al.