Article

PSMB7 is associated with anthracycline resistance and is a prognostic biomarker in breast cancer

Joint Research Laboratory of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Semmelweis University, Semmelweis University 1st Department of Pediatrics, Budapest, Hungary.
British Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 4.82). 12/2009; 102(2):361-8. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6605478
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To date individual markers have failed to correctly predict resistance against anticancer agents in breast cancer. We used gene expression patterns attributable to chemotherapy-resistant cells to detect potential new biomarkers related to anthracycline resistance. One of the genes, PSMB7, was selected for further functional studies and clinical validation.
We contrasted the expression profiles of four pairs of different human tumour cell lines and of their counterparts resistant to doxorubicin. Observed overexpression of PSMB7 in resistant cell lines was validated by immunohistochemistry. To examine its function in chemoresistance, we silenced the gene by RNA interference (RNAi) in doxorubicin-resistant MCF-7 breast cancer cells, then cell vitality was measured after doxorubicin treatment. Microarray gene expression from GEO raw microarray samples with available progression-free survival data was downloaded, and expression of PSMB7 was used for grouping samples.
After doxorubicin treatment, 79.8+/-13.3% of resistant cells survived. Silencing of PSMB7 in resistant cells decreased survival to 31.8+/-6.4% (P>0.001). A similar effect was observed after paclitaxel treatment. In 1592 microarray samples, the patients with high PSMB7 expression had a significantly shorter survival than the patients with low expression (P<0.001).
Our findings suggest that high PSMB7 expression is an unfavourable prognostic marker in breast cancer.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Balázs Györffy, Mar 31, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
166 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: recent decades have seen combination chemoradiotherapy become the standard treatment for anal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). However, the burden of this disease continues to rise, with only 10% of patients with metastatic disease surviving >2 years. Further insight into tumour characteristics and molecular biology may identify novel therapeutic targets. This systematic review examines current prognostic markers in SCC of the anus. an extensive literature search was performed to identify studies reporting on biomarkers in anal cancer in the context of clinical outcome following treatment primarily with chemoradiotherapy. in all, 21 studies were included. A total of 29 biomarkers were studied belonging to 9 different functional classes. Of these biomarkers, 13 were found to have an association with outcome in at least one study. The tumour-suppressor genes p53 and p21 were the only markers shown to be of prognostic value in more than one study. an array of biomarkers have been identified that correlate with survival following chemoradiotherapy in anal cancer. However, investigators are yet to identify a biomarker that has the ability to consistently predict outcome in this disease. Further studies are needed to elucidate whether these candidate biomarkers demonstrate their optimum value when they serve as targets for new therapeutic strategies.
    British Journal of Cancer 11/2010; 103(12):1858-69. DOI:10.1038/sj.bjc.6605984
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The ubiquitin(Ub)-proteasome pathway is implicated in the regulation of a variety of cellular functions and plays a major role in stress response in eukaryotic cells, by targeting misfolded and damaged proteins for degradation. In addition, in the presence of DNA damage, the Ub-proteasome system regulates proteins involved in sensing, repairing, and/or tolerating the damage. Antitumor agents such as cisplatin can activate the pathway, but the role of specific pathway components in cell sensitivity/response to the drug is not known. Since platinum compounds represent clinically relevant antitumor agents and a major limitation to their use is the development of drug resistance, there is an urgent need for identifying targets for improving their efficacy. In the present study, we performed a genome-wide screening for sensitivity to cisplatin using non-essential haploid deletion mutants of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, belonging to a collection of haploid strains constructed through homologous recombination. Using this approach, we identified three Ub-proteasome mutants exhibiting hypersensitivity to cisplatin (ubp16, ubc13 and pmt3) and ten mutants (including ufd2, beta7 20S, rpt6/let1) resistant to the drug. In addition, the importance of lub1 gene emerged from the comparison between the present screening and gene expression profile data previously obtained in fission yeast. The factors identified in the present study allowed us to highlight most finely the close relationship between the Ub-proteasome system and DNA damage response mechanisms, thus establishing a comprehensive framework of regulators likely relevant also in higher eukaryotes. Our results provide the proof of principle of the involvement of specific genes modulated by cisplatin treatment in cell response to the drug, suggesting their potential role as targets for modulating cisplatin sensitivity. In this regard, the prospective identification of novel targets for modulation of cisplatin sensitivity in an eukaryotic model organism appears particularly intriguing towards the discovery of strategies to overcome cisplatin resistance in human tumors.
    BMC Genomics 01/2011; 12:44. DOI:10.1186/1471-2164-12-44
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer comprises a collection of diseases with distinctive clinical, histopathological, and molecular features. Importantly, tumors with similar histological features may display disparate clinical behaviors. Gene expression profiling using microarray technologies has improved our understanding of breast cancer biology and has led to the development of a breast cancer molecular taxonomy and of multigene 'signatures' to predict outcome and response to systemic therapies. The use of these prognostic and predictive signatures in routine clinical decision-making remains controversial. Here, we review the clinical relevance of microarray-based profiling of breast cancer and discuss its impact on patient management.
    Breast cancer research: BCR 06/2011; 13(3):212. DOI:10.1186/bcr2890