Ultrasound biomicroscopic findings of conventional and sutureless sclerotomy sites after 20-, 23-, and 25-G pars plana vitrectomy.
ABSTRACT We examined sclerotomies that were performed using 20-G systems and non-stitch 23-G systems, one-step (23/1) and two-step procedures (23/2), as well as one-step 25-G systems for pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) to assess subconjunctival bleb formation, vitreous incarceration, and wound closure.
This study is a prospective, non-randomized, monocentre study comprising 40 patients; we examined sclerotomies using UBM after 20-G, 23/1-G, 23/2-G, and 25-G PPV in 10 patients each on days 1 and 30 postoperatively.
Subconjunctival bleb formation was not detected in any of the eyes on the first day after surgery in the 20-G and 23/2-G groups and was observed in 5 (50%, 25 G) and 2 eyes (20%, 23/1 G). By day 30 postoperatively, all blebs had spontaneously resolved. The sclerotomy tunnel could be detected by UBM at day 1 postoperatively in 10 (100%, 20 G), 9 (90%, 25 G), 7 (70%, 23/1 G), and 7 eyes (70%, 23/2 G). Thirty days postoperatively, it was present in 10 (100%, 20 G), 1 (10%, 25 G), 3 (30%, 23/1 G), and 1 (10%, 23/2 G) eye. Vitreous incarceration occurred in 2 (20%, 20 G), 7 (70%, 25 G), 4 (40%, 23/1 G), and 2 (20%, 23/2 G) eyes.
Anatomical closure of sclerotomies without subconjunctival bleb formation as seen on UBM was achieved at day 1 after 23/2-G and 20-G PPV and after 30 days postoperatively in all other non-stitch PPV techniques. Vitreous incarceration is common after 25-G PPV. Non-stitch sclerotomies can frequently no longer be detected by UBM 30 days postoperatively.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the role of cryotherapy of the anterior retina and sclerotomy sites in the prevention of fibrovascular ingrowth (FVIG) at sclerotomy sites and postoperative recurrent vitreous hemorrhage in patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Retrospective, nonrandomized, observational case series. Eighty-one eyes in 71 patients who had undergone PPV for complications of PDR in the previous 2 years, with postoperative retinal reattachment for at least 3 months. Cases were divided into 3 groups: (1) having panretinal or supplementary endophotocoagulation; (2) having anterior peripheral retinal cryotherapy (ARC) in addition to panretinal endolaser treatment; and (3) having endophotocoagulation, ARC, and cryotherapy on the 3 sclerotomy sites added. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) examination of the 3 sclerotomy sites was performed > or =2 months after surgery. The UBM findings were separated into 4 categories: well-healed, gap, vitreous incarceration, and FVIG. History and management of recurrent vitreous hemorrhage were recorded. Ultrasound biomicroscopy findings and the percentage of recurrent vitreous hemorrhage in the 3 groups were compared to determine the effectiveness of the adjunct cryotherapy in inhibiting FVIG and preventing recurrent vitreous hemorrhage. The recurrent vitreous hemorrhage rates in groups 1, 2, and 3 were 12 of 32 (37.5%), 3 of 26 (11.5%), and 1 of 23 (4.3%), respectively (P = 0.0004). In each group, different sclerotomy sites had similar distributions of the 4 UBM categories. Among the 3 groups, gap was found in 9.4%, 20.5%, and 52.2% of eyes, respectively (P<0.001), whereas FVIG was found in 36.5%, 15.4%, and 0% of eyes (P<0.001). Fibrovascular ingrowth was noted in 87.5% (14/16) of all eyes experiencing recurrent vitreous hemorrhage. Of those with rebleeding but no FVIG (2 eyes), 1 had vitreous lavage combined with additional cryotherapy, and 1 had no treatment. Of those with FVIG (14 eyes), 5 needed > or =2 operations. The presence of FVIG had good correlation with the development of recurrent postoperative vitreous hemorrhage. Anterior peripheral retinal cryotherapy combined with cryotherapy of sclerotomy sites might be helpful adjunct procedures in diabetic vitrectomy for inhibition of FVIG and prevention of recurrent vitreous hemorrhage.Ophthalmology 01/2006; 112(12):2095-102. · 5.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Transconjunctival Sutureless Vitrectomy (TSV) is a recent advancement in vitreo-retinal surgical techniques involving the use of 25 G instruments through self-sealing sclerotomies. It has been hypothesized that there may be less chance of vitreous and retinal herniation in the scleral wound as compared to conventional sclerotomy incision. However there are no reports on differences in 20 gauge and 25 gauge sclerotomies using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). We report herein the differences in sclerotomies undertaken with 20 gauge (G) and 25 gauge instruments in the same patient. Ultrasound biomicroscopy of the sclerotomy sites was done in the same patient in whom both 20 G and 25 G sclerotomies had to be constructed during pars plana vitrectomy and the differences were studied. On day 2, we observed a wide gape at the site that had been enlarged using a 20G MVR blade. In contrast, the other two sites made transconjunctivally using the 25G trocar showed only a mild gape. Significant gape continued to persist at the subsequent evaluations on day 7 and day 14 only at the port, which had been enlarged. Healing of a 25 G sclerotomy is expectedly quite rapid, with inability to detect the site of sclerotomy in a short duration of 2 weeks post-operatively. This is as opposed to conventional sclerotomies, which might take up to 6-8 weeks post-operatively for complete opposition.BMC Ophthalmology 02/2006; 6:7. · 1.44 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To describe the anatomic and histopathologic outcomes using different incision techniques with transconjunctival 23-G and 25-G vitrectomy systems. New Zealand rabbits were randomized to either 23-G or 25-G vitrectomy surgeries using angled incisions and straight incisions. After pars plana vitrectomy, the cannulas were removed and 0.1% trypan blue was injected to evaluate for leakage. The animals were killed on day 7 and the eyes enucleated for gross analysis and histopathologic analysis by frozen section. Leakage of trypan blue was noted from 10.8% and 5.7% of straight and angled incisions, respectively. There was no difference between 23-G and 25-G incisions (8.3%). On gross examination, the 25-G system resulted in 58% and 24% open external wounds for straight and angled incisions, respectively (P = 0.04). The 23-G system resulted in 83% and 39% open external wounds with straight and angled incisions, respectively (P = 0.017). The average wound area after the 23-G surgery was 223.1 microm(2) and 115.7 microm(2) for straight versus angled incisions, respectively (P = 0.02). The average wound area formed after the 25-G surgery was 160.3 microm(2) and 85.2 microm(2) for straight versus angled incisions, respectively (P = 0.001). Outcomes were similar for 23-G angled incisions, 25-G straight incisions, and 25-G angled incisions.Retina 03/2008; 28(2):242-8. · 2.83 Impact Factor