Frequency of Unrecognized Fabry Disease Among Young European-American and African-American Men With First Ischemic Stroke
ABSTRACT The cause of initial ischemic stroke in up to 30% of young patients remains unclear. Fabry disease, due to deficient alpha-galactosidase A (alpha-Gal A) activity, is a vascular endothelial glycosphingolipid storage disease typically presenting in childhood. With advancing age, patients develop renal, cardiac, and cerebrovascular disease and die prematurely. A European study suggested an increased prevalence of unrecognized Fabry disease in patients with cryptogenic stroke. We hypothesized that alpha-Gal A deficiency is a rare cause of initial early-onset ischemic stroke in men.
The Stroke Prevention in Young Men Study enrolled >550 men (15 to 49 years) with first ischemic stroke in the Baltimore-Washington area in 2004 to 2007. Frozen plasma samples were assayed for alpha-Gal A activity, and DNA from patients with consistently low plasma alpha-Gal A activities were sequenced.
The study sample consisted of 558 men (42% African-American; median age 44 years). Stroke was cryptogenic in 154 men (40% African-American). In 10 patients with low plasma alpha-Gal A activities, DNA sequencing identified alterations in the alpha-Gal A gene in 2 patients. The polymorphism, D313Y, which results in low plasma enzyme activity, but near normal levels of cellular activity was seen in one European-American male. The Fabry disease-causing A143T mutation was seen in an African-American male with cryptogenic stroke (0.18% of all strokes: upper 95% CI=0.53%; 0.65% of cryptogenic strokes: upper 95% CI=1.92%).
In this biracial population, unrecognized Fabry disease is a rare but treatable cause of initial ischemic stroke in young men.
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ABSTRACT: Several epidemiologic studies suggest that Fabry disease should be considered in young patients with cryptogenic stroke. We report a case of a young woman presenting with recurrent ischemic strokes who was finally diagnosed with Fabry disease after impaired kidney function had been identified. Fabry disease should be considered in unexplained cases of first or recurrent strokes in young patients disregarding the gender of the patient, especially when chronic kidney disease and/or proteinuria are present. Renal function should be closely monitored in patients with strokes and followed up after the event. In this case, intravenous thrombolysis was performed after the second ischemic event. No other case of thrombolysis for ischemic stroke in Fabry disease has been described in the literature.Clinical neurology and neurosurgery 03/2011; 113(7):586-8. DOI:10.1016/j.clineuro.2011.02.012 · 1.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Italian region of Lombardy, with its existing stroke centers and high-technology laboratories, provides a favorable context for studying monogenic diseases associated with stroke. The Lombardia GENS project was set up to create a regional network for the diagnosis of six monogenic diseases associated with stroke: CADASIL, Fabry disease, MELAS, familial and sporadic hemiplegic migraine, hereditary cerebral amyloid angiopathy and Marfan syndrome. The network comprises 36 stroke centers and seven high-technology laboratories, performing molecular analysis. In this context, all stroke/TIA patients fulfilling clinical criteria for monogenic diseases are currently being included in an ongoing study. Demographic, clinical and family data and diagnostic criteria are collected using standardized forms. On the basis of stroke incidence in Lombardy and the reported prevalence of the diseases considered, we expect, during the course of the study, to collect datasets and DNA samples from more than 200 stroke patients suspected of having monogenic diseases. This will allow evaluation of the regional burden and better phenotype characterization of monogenic diseases associated with stroke.Functional neurology 27(2):107-17. · 1.86 Impact Factor
Article: Fabry's disease.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A 20-year-old man presented with generalized acquired anhidrosis and heat intolerance which was confirmed by a sweat test. Other clinical features included severe pain of the extremities and cutaneous angiokeratomas. On electronmicroscopy, granules specific for Fabry's disease were observed in the endothelial cells. Biochemical examination revealed a decreased level of serum alpha-galactosidase A. These findings confirmed the diagnosis of Fabry's disease.Internal Medicine 06/1992; 31(5):682-5. DOI:10.2169/internalmedicine.31.682 · 0.97 Impact Factor