A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase II extended safety study of two Invisible Condom (R) formulations in Cameroonian women

Laboratoire de Santé Hygiène Mobile, Ministry of Public Health and Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
Contraception (Impact Factor: 2.34). 01/2010; 81(1):79-85. DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2009.07.002
Source: PubMed


Invisible Condom gel formulations being developed as microbicides to prevent the sexual transmission of HIV are advancing through the phases of clinical trials. The objectives of this study were to evaluate, after 8 weeks of vaginal application, the extended safety and acceptability of two Invisible Condom vaginal gel formulations: (i) the polymer alone and (ii) the polymer containing sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) compared to placebo.
This study is a randomized, doubled-blind, placebo-controlled Phase II extended safety study in healthy sexually active women from Yaoundé, Cameroon. Women were randomized into three gel arms: (i) placebo, (ii) polymer alone and (iii) polymer/SLS. Women applied gel intravaginally twice daily for 8 weeks.
A total of 194 sexually active women applied placebo (n=41), polymer alone (n=76) and polymer/SLS (n=77). Invisible Condom gel formulations were well tolerated with no reported serious adverse events. The majority of reported adverse events were mild or moderate and mostly similar in all three arms, except for pelvic pain that was 10% higher in the polymer and polymer/SLS arms compared to placebo. Colposcopy showed neither genital ulceration nor mucosal lesions. Nugent score, H(2)O(2)-producing lactobacilli and vaginal pH were not affected by the study products. The gel formulations and applicator were generally acceptable and comfortable.
This extended safety study showed that the Invisible Condom gel formulations and applicator were well tolerated and acceptable when applied intravaginally twice daily for 8 weeks. Thus, further phases of clinical development of Invisible Condom as a potential microbicide to prevent sexual transmission of HIV are warranted.

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    • "Sodium lauryl sulfate (Invisible Condom; Université Laval, Quebec, Canada), another surfactant has been shown to disrupt both nonenveloped and enveloped viruses.37 A randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled Phase II study in Cameroonian women revealed that the Invisible Condom gel formulation was well tolerated and acceptable.38 Further phases of clinical development of Invisible Condom as a potential micro-bicide to prevent sexual transmission of HIV are awaited. "
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    • "Sodium lauryl sulphate (Invisible Condom, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada) is another surfactant compound that has been shown to disrupt both non-enveloped and enveloped viruses40. The extended safety study showed that the Invisible Condom gel formulations were well tolerated and acceptable and hence further phases of its clinical development as a potential microbicide to prevent sexual transmission of HIV are warranted41. "
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