High prevalence of neuropathies in patients with end-stage liver disease.
ABSTRACT Peripheral neuropathy has been reported in association with end-stage liver disease, but there is only a limited number of reports on the incidence and features of these neuropathies.
In this study, 83 patients awaiting liver transplantation were evaluated for the presence of peripheral and autonomic neuropathy.
Sixty-five percent of the patients had evidence of neuropathy, in agreement with peripheral NCS or cardiovascular autonomic function test. The neuropathy was more frequent in patients with advanced hepatic failure, evaluated with the MELD score. The most frequent abnormalities in nerve conduction studies were sensory-motor neuropathies and sensory neuropathies, with a length-dependent pattern.
Peripheral neuropathy and autonomic neuropathy are common in patients with end-stage liver disease with different etiology and correlate with the severity of the liver disease.
- Journal of The Neurological Sciences - J NEUROL SCI. 01/1977; 31(1):93-111.
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ABSTRACT: Long-term results of 13 liver transplantations in patients with a previous diagnosis of type I familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) are presented. The diagnosis of type I FAP was based on the presence of a biochemical marker in the plasma (TTR-Met-30 in 11 patients, TTR-Ala-71 in two). Maximum follow-up is 28 months and the survival rate stands at 11 of 13 patients. Two patients died from sepsis at 2 and 6 months. TTR disappeared from plasma in all cases. Neurological status improved in all eight patients undergoing transplantation more than 6 months previously, although electromyographic studies showed a slight improvement only in the six with follow-up of more than 1 year. All 13 patients showed a hyperdynamic haemodynamic pattern with a high incidence (four patients) of the use of venovenous bypass due to haemodynamic intolerance. Two patients also received transplants by the 'piggy-back' technique. In conclusion, liver transplantation may be useful in the treatment of certain patients with FAP to halt and improve the neurological consequences of the disease.British Journal of Surgery 07/1995; 82(6):825-8. · 4.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A new handicap measure, the Rotterdam nine-item handicap scale, was developed and its validity, reliability, and responsiveness evaluated in patients with immune-mediated polyneuropathies. We evaluated 113 stable patients, of whom 83 had Guillain--Barré syndrome (GBS), 22 had chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), and 8 had a gammopathy-related polyneuropathy. We also studied 20 patients with recently diagnosed GBS (n = 7) or CIDP (n = 13) and changing clinical conditions (longitudinal group). Significant discriminatory validity and correlation with the Rankin scale were demonstrated for the Rotterdam nine-item handicap scale (stable group: Spearman's test, r = minus sign.76 to minus sign.78; longitudinal group: intraclass correlation coefficient, r =.83; P <.0001). Also, good reliability (r =.89--.98; P <.0001) and high responsiveness values (standardized response mean values >.8) were obtained for the Rotterdam nine-item handicap scale. In contrast to the Rankin scale, the Rotterdam scale not only provided information regarding mobility but also highlighted physical independence, occupation, and social integration. These results illustrate the clinical usefulness of the Rotterdam nine-item handicap scale under these conditions.Muscle & Nerve 03/2002; 25(3):370-7. · 2.31 Impact Factor