Article

Pathological narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder.

Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA.
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology (Impact Factor: 12.92). 12/2009; 6:421-46. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.121208.131215
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We review the literature on pathological narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) and describe a significant criterion problem related to four inconsistencies in phenotypic descriptions and taxonomic models across clinical theory, research, and practice; psychiatric diagnosis; and social/personality psychology. This impedes scientific synthesis, weakens narcissism's nomological net, and contributes to a discrepancy between low prevalence rates of NPD and higher rates of practitioner-diagnosed pathological narcissism, along with an enormous clinical literature on narcissistic disturbances. Criterion issues must be resolved, including clarification of the nature of normal and pathological narcissism, incorporation of the two broad phenotypic themes of narcissistic grandiosity and narcissistic vulnerability into revised diagnostic criteria and assessment instruments, elimination of references to overt and covert narcissism that reify these modes of expression as distinct narcissistic types, and determination of the appropriate structure for pathological narcissism. Implications for the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the science of personality disorders are presented.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Aaron Pincus, Jul 02, 2015
2 Followers
 · 
967 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study examined the characteristics of individuals (N = 104 undergraduate couples) who date grandiosely or vulnerably narcissistic individuals, including the experience of developmental trauma, general and pathological personality traits, and psychopathology, using multiple data sources. In addition, relationship duration was tested as a moderator of the relations between the narcissism dimensions and relationship adjustment. Actor–Partner Interdependence Models indicated that negative relationship adjustment was found when both partners had higher entitlement/exploitativeness traits and had been together for a longer period of time. Overall, there were no clear patterns of partner characteristics, although some evidence for homophily emerged for traits related to grandiose narcissism.
    Personality and Individual Differences 06/2015; 79. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2015.01.029
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI) is a recently developed measure for assessing grandiose and vulnerable themes of narcissistic pathology. The aim of this study was to validate the PNI in the transitional post-war Croatian society by examining its psychometric properties and factor structure in a sample of Croatian university students (N=651). The participants filled out several self-report measures of narcissism, as well as measures of trait emotional stability and negative emotional states. Findings of this study supported the existence of seven first-order and two second-order factors of the PNI, invariant across genders. Additionally, all the subscales had good reliability coefficients, while the associations with other measures supported the concurrent validity of the instrument. These findings support the use of the PNI in a transitional post-war society and emphasize certain aspects of cross-cultural stability of pathological narcissism, although some cross-cultural variants should be considered when applying this measure in different cultural settings.
    Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 12/2014; 36(4). DOI:10.1007/s10862-014-9425-2
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our goal was to examine how irrational beliefs, materialism, and nar-cissism relate to and predict compulsive buying. One hundred and fifty-five (155) undergraduate women completed the Compulsive-Buying Scale, the Irrational Beliefs Inventory, the Material Values Scale-Short Form, and the 16-item Narcis-sistic Personality Inventory. As expected, irrational beliefs and materialism were correlated and predicted compulsive buying. Additionally, irrational beliefs were associated with compulsive buying only for those who scored high in narcissism. Examining the Irrational Beliefs Inventory subscales, Problem Avoidance and Rigidity were the sole subscales that predicted compulsive buying. Implications for the amelioration and treatment of compulsive buying are discussed.
    Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy 10/2014; 33(1). DOI:10.1007/s10942-014-0197-0