Test de laboratorio versus test de campo en la valoración del futbolista

Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte 9.35 (2009): 312-321
Source: OAI
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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to determine how lactate threshold (LT) is related to running performance in older male and female runners, if LT changes significantly with age, and if gender alters the relationship between LT and performance in older runners. Subjects were 168 master runners (111 men, 57 women) selected from a longitudinal study, who ran at least 10 miles x wk(-1) for 5 yr or more. VO2max was measured on a treadmill and body composition by hydrostatic weighing. Blood samples taken each minute of exercise were analyzed for lactate concentration and LT determined as the breakpoint in lactate accumulation. Performance times and training histories were self-reported by questionnaire. Men had significantly greater body mass, fat-free mass (FFM), and VO2max (L x min(-1); mL x kg(-1) x min(-1)) than women. FFM and VO2max (L x min(-1); mL x kg(-1) x min(-1)) declined with age in both men and women. Running performance was significantly different between men and women and declined with age in both. LT (L x min(-1); mL x kg(-1) x min(-1)) was significantly different between men and women, and declined significantly with age in men, whereas LT (%VO2max) did not differ between men and women and increased significantly with age in both. VO2max (mL x kg(-1) x min(-1)) was the most significant predictor of performance in both men and women, whereas LT (L x min(-1)) added to the prediction of 5-km and 10-km performance in women. The results of this study demonstrate that VO2max (mL x kg(-1) x min(-1)) is a better predictor of performance than LT in older male and female runners. Additionally, LT as a percentage of VO2max increases significantly with age.
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    ABSTRACT: Soccer is one of the most popular sports in the world. There is still much uncertainty and debate surrounding its physiological requirements because emphasis is on skills to the neglect of fitness, conservative training methods and the difficulty of studying the sport scientifically. The frequently found values for total distance covered in a game of about 10 km and an above-average, though not outstanding, maximum oxygen uptake of 60 ml/kg/min suggest a moderate overall aerobic demand. A comparison of top teams and players with less able participants indicates that the components of anaerobic fitness-speed, power, strength and the capacity of the lactic acid system may differentiate better between the 2 groups. Generally, there is a reduction in the level of activity in the second half of games compared with the first. There is some evidence that increased aerobic fitness may help counteract this. Progressively lower muscle glycogen stores are one likely cause of reduction in activity, and nutrition also appears to be a key factor in minimising performance deterioration, both in terms of overall diet and, more particularly, the ingestion of carbohydrates immediately before, during and after a game. There are evolutionary trends in the sport such as greater frequency of games, changes in the roles of players, and new strategies and tactics which are placing increasing demands on the all-round fitness of players. Many studies indicate scope for improvement in player fitness. The challenge for coaches and players is to meet these fitness requirements without sacrificing the skill work which makes the sport unique.
    Sports Medicine 09/1993; 16(2):80-96. · 5.32 Impact Factor


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