Article

Increased prevalence of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis detected by coronary computed tomography angiography in HIV-infected men

Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, USA.
AIDS (London, England) (Impact Factor: 6.56). 12/2009; 24(2):243-53. DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e328333ea9e
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The degree of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in HIV-infected patients is unknown. We investigated the degree of subclinical atherosclerosis and the relationship of traditional and nontraditional risk factors to early atherosclerotic disease using coronary computed tomography angiography.
Seventy-eight HIV-infected men (age 46.5 +/- 6.5 years and duration of HIV 13.5 +/- 6.1 years, CD4 T lymphocytes 523 +/- 282; 81% undetectable viral load), and 32 HIV-negative men (age 45.4 +/- 7.2 years) with similar demographic and coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors, without history or symptoms of CAD, were prospectively recruited. 64-slice multidetector row computed tomography coronary angiography was performed to determine prevalence of coronary atherosclerosis, coronary stenosis, and quantitative plaque burden. RESULTS HIV-infected men demonstrated higher prevalence of coronary atherosclerosis than non-HIV-infected men (59 vs. 34%; P = 0.02), higher coronary plaque volume [55.9 (0-207.7); median (IQR) vs. 0 (0-80.5) microl; P = 0.02], greater number of coronary segments with plaque [1 (0-3) vs. 0 (0-1) segments; P = 0.03], and higher prevalence of Agatston calcium score more than 0 (46 vs. 25%, P = 0.04), despite similar Framingham 10-year risk for myocardial infarction, family history of CAD, and smoking status. Among HIV-infected patients, Framingham score, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, CD4/CD8 ratio, and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 were significantly associated with plaque burden. Duration of HIV infection was significantly associated with plaque volume (P = 0.002) and segments with plaque (P = 0.0009) and these relationships remained significant after adjustment for age, traditional risk factors, or duration of antiretroviral therapy. A total of 6.5% (95% confidence interval 2-15%) of our study population demonstrated angiographic evidence of obstructive CAD (>70% luminal narrowing) as compared with 0% in controls.
Young, asymptomatic, HIV-infected men with long-standing HIV disease demonstrate an increased prevalence and degree of coronary atherosclerosis compared with non-HIV-infected patients. Both traditional and nontraditional risk factors contribute to atherosclerotic disease in HIV-infected patients.

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Available from: Janet Lo, Jun 12, 2015
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