Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy: Historical aspects

Department of Cytopathology, Naval Hospital of Athens, Athens, Greece.
Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica (Impact Factor: 1.36). 12/2009; 47(2):191-7. DOI: 10.2478/v10042-009-0027-x
Source: PubMed


This study aims to present the origins and the historical evolution of fine-needle aspiration biopsy and to also underline its importance in the history of modern cytology. The article focuses on the advances made in the 20th century that have led to the modern techniques associated with the procedure. The authors conducted a thorough review of early reports on needle biopsy, particularly those published during 19th and 20th century, examining in brief also the origins of the needle biopsy. The first report on the use of needle puncture is referred in early writings of Arab medicine. In the early 20th century, Martin and Ellis are considered to be the founders of modern needle aspiration techniques. The German doctor Mannheim was the first to publish reports suggesting the use of fine needles with a small gauge. The establishment and world-wide expansion of FNA should be attributed to the representatives of the Swedish School of Cytopathology. The school embraced FNA in the second half of the 20th century while serving as a training ground for doctors around the world. The history of needle biopsy spans ten centuries. However, the development and establishment of the technique in its modern form took place primarily during the twentieth century. Today, FNA is considered an important cytologic technique with sufficient diagnostic accuracy, especially when applied in cases of lung and prostate cancer.


Available from: Emmanouil Magiorkinis, Aug 21, 2014
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    • "Fine needle aspiration cytology or biopsy (FNAC/FNAB) is a well-established diagnostic method used in many countries as a first-line diagnostic procedure aiding preoperative management of various palpable and non-palpable lesions. The history of needle biopsy spans several centuries; however, its use as a routine diagnostic technique was established mostly during the twentieth century [1]. It is increasingly being introduced into everyday clinical practice also in our region (Mures County, Romania). "
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    ABSTRACT: BackgroundFine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology is a well-established diagnostic method based on the microscopic interpretation of often scant cytological material; therefore, experience, good technique and smear quality are equally important in obtaining satisfactory results.Aims of StudyWe studied the use of fresh surgical pathology specimens for making so-called mock-FNA smears with the potential of cytohistological correlation. Additionally, we studied how this process aids the improvement of preparation technique and smear quality.MethodsCytological aspirates from 32 fresh biopsy specimens from various sites: lung (20), lymph nodes (6), and breast (6) were obtained, all with a clinical diagnosis of tumor. Aspiration was performed from grossly palpable tumors. 25G needle and Cameco-type syringe holder was used with minimal or no suction.ResultsUnfixed surgical specimens provided sufficient cytological material that resulted in good quality smears. After standard processing of specimens into microscopic sections from paraffin embedded tissues, cytohistological case-series were created. No significant alteration was reported in tissue architecture on hematoxylin-eosin stained sections after the aspiration procedure. A gradual, but steady improvement was observed in smear quality just after a few preparations.Discussions and ConclusionsOur study proved that surgical specimens may be used as a source of cytological material to create cytohistological correlation studies and also to improve FNA cytology skills. The use of very fine gauge needle (25G, 0,6 mm diameter) during the sampling process does not alter tissue architecture therefore the final histopathological diagnosis is not compromised. We conclude that by using fresh surgical specimens useful cytohistological collections can be created both as a teaching resource and as improving experience.
    PLoS ONE 08/2014; 9(8):e104983. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0104983 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of breast lesions provides indeterminate (C1, C3, and C4) diagnoses in a high proportion of cases. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively determine whether repeat FNA or core needle biopsy (CNB) most frequently provides a correct and more conclusive diagnosis. All patients who had an indeterminate primary FNA followed by repeat FNA or CNB within 1 month from 1992 to 2007 were included. FNA was diagnosed as C1-C5; CNB was diagnosed as B1-B5. Improvement in preoperative diagnosis by repeat FNA or CNB was defined as C2/B2 in benign lesions, C3/B3 in premalignant lesions, C4/B4 or C5/B5 in malignant lesions where primary FNA was C1, and C5/B5 in malignant lesions where primary FNA was C3 or C4. Among 255 eligible cases, CNB improved the preoperative diagnosis more often than did repeat FNA (78.0% vs. 54.8%, odds ratio = 2.9, P < .001). When corrected for patient age, appearance on mammogram (mass or not), clinical findings (palpable or not), tumor size, and aspiration mode (freehand vs. image guided), this difference slightly increased (odds ratio = 3.0, P = .001). CNB should be performed after an indeterminate FNA of a breast lesion to obtain a reliable and clear preoperative diagnosis.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 02/2009; 16(2):281-4. DOI:10.1245/s10434-008-0246-y · 3.93 Impact Factor
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