Tobacco smoking habits among nursing students and the influence of family and peer smoking behaviour

Department of Public Health-Microbiology-Virology, School of Medicine, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.
Journal of Advanced Nursing (Impact Factor: 1.74). 11/2009; 66(1):33-9. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.05135.x
Source: PubMed


This paper is a report of a study assessing tobacco smoking habits among nursing students and how these are influenced by family members and peers.
Tobacco smoking among nursing students is a serious problem because of the public role model of these future healthcare professionals.
The smoking attitude of nursing students attending the 3 year full-time course at the University of Milan in the academic years 2006-2007 and 2007-2008 was investigated. A total of 820 students filled in the self-administered questionnaire and 812 valid questionnaires were returned. The response rate was 87%.
Forty-four percent of the 812 students were tobacco smokers and 7% former smokers. Among the smoking students 75% had at least one smoking parent, 47% had at least one smoking brother or sister and 87% saw smoking friends.
There is an urgent need to implement effective anti-smoking measures among nursing students. Decreasing the number of smokers among healthcare professionals would discourage people from smoking and would increase the credibility of anti-smoking campaigns.

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    • "On the other hand, the risk of interaction is low among the control students and the intervention group because of the distance between the two campuses, our methodology here being similar to that described by Rapp et al. (2006). In addition, the design of the study The prevalence of tobacco use in this study of 24.2% is within the range of those given in other studies with nursing students (Biraghi and Tortorano, 2010; Fernández García et al., 2007). The change in prevalence after the intervention seems to show that it had a positive Table 2 Analysis of the variations in knowledge of the relationship between tobacco and health, in attitudes to informing about tobacco use, in beliefs concerning reasons for cessation, the role of the nurse, perceived personal effectiveness and the need for training. "
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness of a tobacco control course on the improvement of knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about smoking among health sciences' students. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study of community intervention carried out during the years 2005-2008, at 2 university health science centres in northwest Spain. A total of 290 students on the intervention and 256 on the control campus took part in the study. The intervention consisted of a course on the prevention and control of tobacco use offered only on the intervention campus. Data were collected before the intervention and 6months afterwards. RESULTS: After the course, significant differences between groups were observed in the improvement of knowledge, attitudes and perceived ability to act in tobacco control. CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of training concerning smoking through active methodologies had a positive impact on the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about tobacco of students.
    Nurse education today 12/2011; 32(8). DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2011.11.007 · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    • "In Italy, several studies were conducted on knowledge, attitude and behaviours of students concerning tobacco smoking (Ferrante et al. 2010; Biraghi and Tortorano 2010; Modonutti et al. 2009; Gallotti et al. 2008; Cerame et al. 2008; Bergamaschi et al. 2002; Adorisio et al. 2001; Pellai et al. 2006), but the methodology used was not based on standardised methods. The instrument used in this survey was the "
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    ABSTRACT: Aim The aims of this study were to examine tobacco use prevalence, knowledge and attitudes, and tobacco cessation training among students attending Italian medical schools using the Global Health Professions Student Survey approach and to identify possible factors associated with smoking status. Subjects and Methods A multicentre cross-sectional pilot study was carried out in five Italian Schools of Medicine from March to April 2009. Questionnaires were administered in anonymous, voluntary and self-administered form to third year students attending medical schools. The outcome measure was “being a current smoker”. A logistic regression was used to evaluate possible factors associated with smoking status. Results The prevalence of current smokers was 31.4%. More than half considered health professionals as models for patients, and around 90% thought health professionals have a role in giving advice or information about smoking cessation. Only 5.8% of responders had received smoking cessation training during medical school. Medical students who considered healthcare professionals as behavioural models had lower likelihood of smoking (OR = 0.52). Conclusions Given the high prevalence of smokers among medical students and the poorness of smoking cessation programmes, it is important to create tobacco control training programmes addressed to healthcare students.
    Journal of Public Health 02/2011; 20(1). DOI:10.1007/s10389-011-0442-2 · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This paper is a report of the effectiveness of a tobacco use prevention and control course on health sciences students' smoking prevalence and incidence. Although it is known that the intervention of health professionals in their patients' tobacco use can be affected by their own habit, very few studies have analysed the effect of specific tobacco-oriented training on smoking among health science students. This study is a quasi-experimental study of community intervention. During the years 2005-2008, a total of 290 health science students on the intervention campus and 256 on the control campus took part in the study. In the former, the intervention consisted of a course on the prevention and control of tobacco use for students, which was not offered on the control campus. Data about tobacco use and socio-demographic variables were collected by means of a questionnaire before and 6 months after the intervention. Prevalence of tobacco use decreased in the intervention group (-1.1%) and increased in the control group (1.5%). The risk of acquiring the habit was almost three times higher in the control group than in the intervention group and the probability of cessation was 40% higher in the intervention group and correlated with nicotine dependence. The intervention suggests the effect on habit acquisition was slight but not so on cessation. Preventive interventions should be carried out before students go to university, while more specific cessation programmes are required to reduce tobacco use among students.
    Journal of Advanced Nursing 12/2010; 67(4):747-55. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05532.x · 1.74 Impact Factor
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