Characterization of a novel thermostable esterase from Thermus scotoductus SA-01: evidence of a new family of lipolytic esterases.
ABSTRACT An esterase, designated EstTs1, was identified and characterized from a genomic library of Thermus scotoductus SA-01 (ATCC 700910). The library was screened in Escherichia coli for lipolytic activity on tributyrin agar plates. A 1.7-kb DNA fragment from a lipolytic positive clone was sequenced and two open reading frames (ORFs) were identified. A 774-bp ORF, designated EstTs1 with an estimated molecular mass of 28.6 kDa, and a 693-bp ORF, designated EstTs2 with an estimated molecular mass of 25.6 kDa, were identified. These two ORFs appear to form part of an operon. Sequence analysis showed that both proteins contained the G-X-S-X-G signature sequence motif present in most esterases and lipases. The deduced amino sequence of EstTs1 was found to display significant sequence identity with putative hydrolase proteins from both Thermus aquaticus Y51MC23 and Thermus thermophilus HB27. Similarly, EstTs2, also displayed significant homology to a second putative hydrolase protein present in the same two organisms. The cloning and characterization of these two ORFs from T. aquaticus Y51MC23 and T. thermophilus strain HB27 encoding putative hydrolase genes have not been reported. E. coli cells harbouring EstTs1 on a multicopy vector produced a clearing zone on tributyrin agar plates, whereas no enzymatic activity was observed for E. coli harbouring EstTs2 on a multicopy vector. EstTs1 displayed optimum activity at pH 7 and 80 degrees C with a half life of 48 h at 70 degrees C.
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ABSTRACT: Triacylglycerol lipases (EC 188.8.131.52) catalyze both hydrolysis and synthesis reactions with a broad spectrum of substrates rendering them especially suitable for many biotechnological applications. Most lipases used today originate from mesophilic organisms and are susceptible to thermal denaturation whereas only few possess high thermotolerance. Here, we report on the identification and characterization of two novel thermostable bacterial lipases identified by functional metagenomic screenings. Metagenomic libraries were constructed from enrichment cultures maintained at 65 to 75°C and screened resulting in the identification of initially 10 clones with lipolytic activities. Subsequently, two ORFs were identified encoding lipases, LipS and LipT. Comparative sequence analyses suggested that both enzymes are members of novel lipase families. LipS is a 30.2 kDa protein and revealed a half-life of 48 h at 70°C. The lipT gene encoded for a multimeric enzyme with a half-life of 3 h at 70°C. LipS had an optimum temperature at 70°C and LipT at 75°C. Both enzymes catalyzed hydrolysis of long-chain (C(12) and C(14)) fatty acid esters and additionally hydrolyzed a number of industry-relevant substrates. LipS was highly specific for (R)-ibuprofen-phenyl ester with an enantiomeric excess (ee) of 99%. Furthermore, LipS was able to synthesize 1-propyl laurate and 1-tetradecyl myristate at 70°C with rates similar to those of the lipase CalB from Candida antarctica. LipS represents the first example of a thermostable metagenome-derived lipase with significant synthesis activities. Its X-ray structure was solved with a resolution of 1.99 Å revealing an unusually compact lid structure.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(10):e47665. · 4.09 Impact Factor
Article: The PE-PPE domain in mycobacterium reveals a serine α/β hydrolase fold and function: an in-silico analysis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The PE and PPE proteins first reported in the genome sequence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain H37Rv are now identified in all mycobacterial species. The PE-PPE domain (Pfam ID: PF08237) is a 225 amino acid residue conserved region located towards the C-terminus of some PE and PPE proteins and hypothetical proteins. Our in-silico sequence analysis revealed that this domain is present in all Mycobacteria, some Rhodococcus and Nocardia farcinica genomes. This domain comprises a pentapeptide sequence motif GxSxG/S at the N-terminus and conserved amino acid residues Ser, Asp and His that constitute a catalytic triad characteristic of lipase, esterase and cutinase activity. The fold prediction and comparative modeling of the 3-D structure of the PE-PPE domain revealed a "serine α/β hydrolase" structure with a central β-sheet flanked by α-helices on either side. The structure comprises a lid insertion with a closed structure conformation and has a solvent inaccessible active site. The oxyanion hole that stabilizes the negative charge on the tetrahedral intermediate has been identified. Our findings add to the growing list of serine hydrolases in mycobacterium, which are essential for the maintenance of their impermeable cell wall and virulence. These results provide the directions for the design of experiments to establish the function of PE and PPE proteins.PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(2):e16745. · 4.09 Impact Factor