Article

Identification of Two Common Variants Contributing to Serum Apolipoprotein B Levels in Mexicans

Department of Human Genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, Calif 90095-7088, USA.
Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology (Impact Factor: 5.53). 12/2009; 30(2):353-9. DOI: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.109.196402
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Although the Mexican population has a high predisposition to dyslipidemias and premature coronary artery disease, this population is underinvestigated for the genetic factors conferring the high susceptibility. This study attempted to determine these genetic factors.
First, we investigated apolipoprotein B (apoB) levels in Mexican extended families with familial combined hyperlipidemia using a two-step testing strategy. In the screening step, we screened 5721 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for linkage signals with apoB. In the test step, we analyzed the 130 SNPs residing in regions of suggestive linkage signals for association with apoB. We identified significant associations with two SNPs (ie, rs1424032 [P=6.07x10(-6)] and rs1349411 [P=2.72x10(-4)]) that surpassed the significance level for the number of tests performed in the test step (P<3.84x10(-4)). Second, these SNPs were tested for replication in Mexican hyperlipidemic case-control samples. The same risk alleles as in the families with familial combined hyperlipidemia were significantly associated (P<0.05) with apoB in the case-control samples. The rs1349411 resides near the apoB messenger RNA editing enzyme (APOBEC1) involved in the processing of APOB messenger RNA in the small intestine. The rs1424032 resides in a highly conserved noncoding region predicted to function as a regulatory element.
We identified two novel variants, rs1349411 and rs1424032, for serum apoB levels in Mexicans.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Christopher L Plaisier, Jul 28, 2015
1 Follower
 · 
140 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent genome-wide association studies identified a variant rs7575840 in the apolipoprotein B (APOB) gene region as associated with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. However, the underlying functional mechanism of this variant, which resides 6.5 kb upstream of APOB, has remained unknown. Our objective was to investigate rs7575840 for association with refined apoB-containing lipid particles, for replication in a Mexican population, and for its underlying functional mechanism. Our data show that rs7575840 is associated with serum apoB levels (P=4.85×10(-10)) and apoB-containing lipid particles, very small very-low-density lipoprotein, intermediate lipoprotein, and LDL particles (P=2×10(-5) to 9×10(-7)) in the Finnish Metabolic Syndrome in Men study sample (n=7710). Fine mapping of the APOB region using 43 single-nucleotide polymorphisms replicated the association of rs7575840 with apoB in a Mexican study sample (n=2666, P=3.33×10(-5)). Furthermore, our transcript analyses of adipose RNA samples from 175 subjects in the Finnish Metabolic Syndrome in Men study indicate that rs7575840 alters expression of APOB (P=1.13×10(-10)) and a regional noncoding RNA (BU630349) (P=7.86×10(-6)) in adipose tissue. It has been difficult to convert genome-wide association study associations into mechanistic insights. Our data show that rs7575840 is associated with serum apoB levels and apoB-containing lipid particles, as well as influencing expression of APOB and a regional transcript BU630349 in adipose tissue. We thus provide evidence how a common genome-wide significant single-nucleotide polymorphism, rs7575840, may affect serum apoB, LDL cholesterol, and total cholesterol levels.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 03/2011; 31(5):1201-7. DOI:10.1161/ATVBAHA.111.224139 · 5.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) affects more than 1 in 3 American adults. Hypercholesterolemia is a major treatable risk factor for ASCVD, yet many individuals fail to reach target levels of LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) through the use of statins and lifestyle changes. The E3 ubiquitin ligase myosin regulatory light chain-interacting protein (MYLIP; also known as IDOL) is a recently identified regulator of the LDL receptor (LDLR) pathway. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in populations of mixed European descent have identified noncoding variants in the MYLIP region as being associated with LDL-C levels, but no underlying functional variants were pinpointed. In order to fine-map actual susceptibility variants, we studied a population demographically distinct from the discovery population to ensure a different pattern of linkage disequilibrium. Our analysis revealed that in a Mexican population, the nonsynonymous SNP rs9370867, which encodes the N342S amino acid substitution, is an underlying functional variant that was associated with high total cholesterol and accounted for one of the previous significant GWAS signals. Functional characterization showed that the Asn-encoding allele was associated with more potent LDLR degradation and decreased LDL uptake. Mutagenesis of residue 342 failed to affect intrinsic MYLIP E3 ligase activity, but it was critical for LDLR targeting. Our findings suggest that modulation of MYLIP activity can affect LDL-C levels and that pharmacologic inhibition of MYLIP activity might be a useful strategy in the treatment of dyslipidemia and ASCVD.
    The Journal of clinical investigation 08/2011; 121(8):3062-71. DOI:10.1172/JCI45504 · 13.77 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Almost 40 years after the first description of familial combined hyperlipidaemia (FCHL) as a discrete entity, the genetic and metabolic basis of this prevalent disease has yet to be fully unveiled. In general, two strategies have been applied to elucidate its complex genetic background, the candidate-gene and the linkage approach, which have yielded an extensive list of genes associated with FCHL or its related traits, with a variable degree of scientific evidence. Some genes influence the FCHL phenotype in many pedigrees, whereas others are responsible for the affected state in only one kindred, thereby adding to the genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity of FCHL. This Review outlines the individual genes that have been described in FCHL and how these genes can be incorporated into the current concept of metabolic pathways resulting in FCHL: adipose tissue dysfunction, hepatic fat accumulation and overproduction, disturbed metabolism and delayed clearance of apolipoprotein-B-containing particles. Genes that affect metabolism and clearance of plasma lipoprotein particles have been most thoroughly studied. The adoption of new traits, in addition to the classic plasma lipid traits, could aid in the identification of new genes implicated in other pathways in FCHL. Moreover, systems genetic analysis, which integrates genetic polymorphisms with data on gene expression levels, lipidomics or metabolomics, will attribute functions to genetic variants in addition to revealing new genes.
    Nature Reviews Endocrinology 02/2012; 8(6):352-62. DOI:10.1038/nrendo.2012.15 · 12.96 Impact Factor
Show more