Article

Comparison of immune response in sheep immunized with DNA vaccine encoding Toxoplasma gondii GRA7 antigen in different adjuvant formulations

Lincoln University, P.O. Box 84, Lincoln 7647, Canterbury, New Zealand.
Experimental Parasitology (Impact Factor: 1.86). 12/2009; 124(4):365-72. DOI: 10.1016/j.exppara.2009.11.015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Immunization with plasmid DNA, a relatively novel technique, is a promising vaccination technique. To improve the immune response by DNA vaccination various methods have been used, such as chemical adjuvants or immunomodulatory molecules formulated into microparticles or liposomes. The aim of this research is to evaluate the immune responses of sheep immunized with DNA plasmids encoding Toxoplasma gondii dense granule antigen GRA7 formulated into three different adjuvant formulations. Sixty sheep were injected intramuscularly with the DNA plasmids. Twelve received the liposome-formulated plasmid pVAXIgGRA7, 12 Emulsigen P formulated plasmid pVAXIgGRA7 and 12 Emulsigen D formulated plasmid pVAXIgGRA7. Twelve animals were used as a control and received the vector alone. All the animals were inoculated at week 0, and week 4. Immunization of the sheep with plasmids encoding GRA7, with the different adjuvant formulations, effectively primed the immune response. After the first inoculation, moderate to high antibody responses were observed with the three different adjuvant formulations. A significantly elevated specific IgG2 response was observed in the sheep immunized with liposomes and Emulsigen D as adjuvants. In the group immunized with Emulsigen P as an adjuvant, lower IgG1 and IgG2 antibody levels were developed compared to the other treatment groups. In all the immunized groups, DNA immunization stimulated a IFN-gamma response. No antibody or IFN-gamma responses were detected in the control group immunized with an empty plasmid or not immunized. These results indicate that intramuscular immunization of sheep with a DNA vaccine with the adjuvants liposomes and Emulsigen D induce a significant immune response against T. gondii.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Józef Kur, Oct 13, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
181 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The protective efficacy of an inactivated vaccine from Anaplasma marginale that was cultured in tick cells (IDE8) for use against bovine anaplasmosis was evaluated. Five calves (Group 1) were inoculated subcutaneously, at 21-day intervals, with three doses of vaccine containing 3 × 10(9) A. marginale initial bodies. Five control calves received saline solution alone (Group 2). Thirty-two days after the final inoculation, all the calves were challenged with approximately 3 × 10(5) erythrocytes infected with A. marginale high-virulence isolate (UFMG2). The Group 1 calves seroconverted 14 days after the second dose of vaccine. After the challenge, all the animals showed patent rickettsemia. There was no significant difference (p > 0.05) between the Group 1 and 2 calves during the incubation period, patency period or convalescence period. All the animals required treatment to prevent death. The results suggest that the inactivated vaccine from A. marginale produced in IDE8 induced seroconversion in calves, but was not effective for preventing anaplasmosis induced by the UFMG2 isolate under the conditions of this experiment.
    Revista brasileira de parasitologia veterinaria = Brazilian journal of veterinary parasitology: Orgao Oficial do Colegio Brasileiro de Parasitologia Veterinaria 06/2012; 21(2):112-7. DOI:10.1590/S1984-29612012000200008 · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Gastroenterology 04/1995; 108(4). DOI:10.1016/0016-5085(95)23338-5 · 13.93 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Infection with the intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) causes health problems to both humans and livestock and has a large economic impact worldwide. The immune response in sheep following infection with T. gondii was evaluated using six different combinations of plasmid DNA, recombinant antigen and adjuvant. Sheep were generally vaccinated twice by intramuscular injection with plasmid DNA containing gene sequences for either the surface antigen (SAG1) or the rhoptry protein (ROP1) of T. gondii. Two of the groups injected with plasmid DNA SAG1 were boosted with recombinant protein (SAG1). We investigated the efficacy of including oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) that contain CG motifs (CpG) and the gene coding for ovine granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) as potential adjuvants. Administration of the plasmid encoding the ROP1 gene significantly enhanced both IFN-gamma production from peripheral blood cells when cultured in vitro with Toxoplasma antigen, and ROP1-specific IgG1 and IgG2 antibody levels present in serum. However, injection with SAG1 did not stimulate IFN-gamma production. These results indicate the potential of ROP1, given as plasmid DNA, as a potential vaccine candidate to protect sheep against T. gondii infection.
    Parasite Immunology 04/2010; 32(9-10):671-83. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3024.2010.01228.x · 1.85 Impact Factor