Overexpression of the NAC transcription factor family gene ANAC036 results in a dwarf phenotype in Arabidopsis thaliana.
ABSTRACT NAC proteins comprise one of the largest families of transcription factors in the plant genome. They are known to be involved in various aspects of plant development, but the functions of most of them have not yet been determined. ANAC036, a member of the Arabidopsis NAC transcription factor family, contains unique sequences that are conserved among various NAC proteins found in other plant species. Expression analysis of the ANAC036 gene indicated that this gene was strongly expressed in leaves. Transgenic plants overexpressing the ANAC036 gene showed a semidwarf phenotype. The lengths of leaf blades, petioles and stems of these plants were smaller than those in wild-type plants. Microscopy revealed that cell sizes in leaves and stems of these plants were smaller than those in wild-type plants. These findings suggested that ANAC036 and its orthologues are involved in the growth of leaf cells.
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ABSTRACT: In plants, secondary wall thickenings play important roles in various biological processes, although the factors regulating these processes remain to be characterized. We show that expression of chimeric repressors derived from NAC SECONDARY WALL THICKENING PROMOTING FACTOR1 (NST1) and NST2 in Arabidopsis thaliana resulted in an anther dehiscence defect due to loss of secondary wall thickening in anther endothecium. Plants with double, but not single, T-DNA-tagged lines for NST1 and NST2 had the same anther-indehiscent phenotype as transgenic plants that expressed the individual chimeric repressors, indicating that NST1 and NST2 are redundant in regulating secondary wall thickening in anther walls. The activity of the NST2 promoter was particularly strong in anther tissue, while that of the NST1 promoter was detected in various tissues in which lignified secondary walls develop. Ectopic expression of NST1 or NST2 induced ectopic thickening of secondary walls in various aboveground tissues. Epidermal cells with ectopic thickening of secondary walls had structural features similar to those of tracheary elements. However, among genes involved in the differentiation of tracheary elements, only those related to secondary wall synthesis were clearly upregulated. None of the genes involved in programmed cell death were similarly affected. Our results suggest NAC transcription factors as possible regulators of secondary wall thickening in various tissues.The Plant Cell 12/2005; 17(11):2993-3006. · 9.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: From an enhancer trap screen for genes expressed in Arabidopsis embryos, we identified a gene expressed from the octant stage onward in the boundary between the two presumptive cotyledons and in a variety of postembryonic organ and meristem boundaries. This gene, CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON3 (CUC3), encodes a putative NAC-domain transcription factor that is homologous with CUC1 and CUC2. Analysis of a CUC3 hypomorph and a putative cuc3 null mutant indicates that CUC3 function is partially redundant with that of CUC1 and CUC2 in the establishment of the cotyledon boundary and the shoot meristem, thus revealing an even higher degree of redundancy in this class of genes than was thought previously. The CUC3 expression pattern, the cuc3 phenotypes, and CUC3 expression in a series of shoot meristem mutants and transgenes suggest a primary role for CUC3 in the establishment of boundaries that contain cells with low proliferation and/or differentiation rates. The CUC-mediated establishment of such boundaries may be essential for the initiation of shoot meristems.The Plant Cell 08/2003; 15(7):1563-77. · 9.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Starting from a cosmid library of the 250 kb hairy root inducing plasmid pRiA 4b, a mini-pRiA 4b replicon of 4.6 kb was isolated. This mini-plasmid was stably maintained in Agrobacterium species and its replication characteristics, such as temperature-sensitive replication, copy number and incompatibility, were similar to those of the parental pRiA 4b. Analysis of deletion mutants indicated that almost the entire 4.6 kb region was required for autonomous replication. The nucleotide sequence of mini-pRiA 4b was determined by the chain-termination method. Three large open reading frames, which are likely to contribute to the replication of pRiA 4b, were identified in the same orientation along the sequence.MGG - Molecular and General Genetics 12/1986; 206(1):1-8.