Senkyunolides reduce hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative damage in human liver HepG2 cells via induction of heme oxygenase-1.
ABSTRACT Rhizoma Chuanxiong is widely used as folk medicine to treat the diseases caused by oxidative stress and inflammation. To delineate the underlying molecular mechanisms, we recently found that Rhizoma Chuanxiong extract significantly induced heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), an enzyme that degrades intracellular heme into three bioactive products: biliverdin, carbon monoxide and free iron. The anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic and antiproliferative actions of these products highlight HO-1 as a key endogenous antioxidant and cytoprotective gene. This study was designed to further characterize HO-1 induction of Rhizoma Chuanxiong through bioactivity-guided fractionation. All isolated fractions were assayed for HO-1 induction in human HepG2 cell line at mRNA and protein levels. Based on chromatographic profiling, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectrometric analysis, the active compounds were identified as senkyunolide-H and its stereoisomer senkyunolide-I. Both senkyunolide isomers inhibited the formation of reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxidation and enhanced the cellular resistance to hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative damage. Notably, heme oxygenase inhibitor tin protoporphyrin IX (SnPP) significantly suppressed the antioxidant activity of senkyunolide stereoisomers. Thus, this study demonstrated that senkyunolide-H and -I attenuated oxidative damage via activation of HO-1 pathway.
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ABSTRACT: Herbal medicine Semen Persicae is widely used to treat blood stasis in Chinese medicine and other oriental folk medicines. Although little is known about the effects of Semen Persicae and its active compounds on neuron differentiation, our pilot study showed that Semen Persicae extract promoted neurite outgrowth in rat dopaminergic PC12 cells. In the present study, we developed a bioactivity-guided fractionation procedure for the characterization of the neurotrophic activity of Semen Persicae extract. The resultant fractions were assayed for neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells based on microscopic assessment. Through liquid-liquid extraction and reverse phase HPLC separation, a botanical glycoside amygdalin was isolated as the active compound responsible for the neurotrophic activity of Semen Persicae extract. Moreover, we found that amygdalin rapidly induced the activation of extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2). A specific ERK1/2 inhibitor PD98059 attenuated the stimulatory effect of amygdalin on neurite outgrowth. Taken together, amygdalin was identified as a potent neurotrophic agent from Semen Persicae extract through a bioactivity-guided fractional procedure. The neurotrophic activity of amygdalin may be mediated by the activation of ERK1/2 pathway.BioMed Research International 01/2014; 2014:306857. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Chinese medicine formulation ISF-1 (also known as Bu-Yang-Huan-Wu-Tang) for post-stroke rehabilitation could increase the expression of growth-regulating protein follistatin by approximately 4-fold. This study aims to identify the active compounds of ISF-1 for the induction of follistatin expression.Chinese Medicine 01/2014; 9:23. · 2.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Chinese herbal medicine formula Tao Hong Si Wu decoction (THSWD) is traditionally used for the prevention and treatment of ischemic stroke. Transcription factor NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) regulates a battery of phase II enzymes and is known as the major mechanism of cellular defense against oxidative stress. The present study aimed to explore the potential effect of THSWD on the Nrf2 signaling pathway and the consequent effect during cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. We found that THSWD reduced infarct volume and improved neurological function in a rat stroke model induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Additionally, heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), a key endogenous antioxidant enzyme regulated by Nrf2, was significantly further induced by THSWD in this in vivo model. In neuronal-like PC12 cells, THSWD remarkably up-regulated HO-1 expression and promoted Nrf2 nuclear translocation. Furthermore, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt kinase was found to be involved in the upstream of Nrf2 regulation. In an in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD-Rep) model, THSWD treatment significantly reduced cell death induced by OGD-Rep insult. Importantly, the protective action was attenuated while PI3K activity was inhibited by a specific inhibitor, LY294002, and the Nrf2 signaling pathway was blocked by antioxidant response element (ARE) decoy oligonucleotides. Collectively, these results demonstrated that THSWD exhibited notable neuroprotective properties in vitro and in vivo and activation of PI3K/Akt and the Nrf2 signaling pathway may be, at least in part, responsible for the protection. This study provides a better understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying the traditional use of the Chinese herbal medicine formula THSWD.Journal of Natural Medicines 08/2014; · 1.45 Impact Factor