Article

Neighborhood land use diversity and physical activity in adjacent parks

Department of Kinesiology, Community Health Institute, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.
Health & Place (Impact Factor: 2.44). 11/2009; 16(2):413-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.11.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Park availability and land use diversity (LUD) are independent environmental correlates of physical activity (PA). This paper investigated whether parks were more likely to be used for PA if surrounded by greater LUD, as well as the interaction of LUD with the number of facilities in the park for predicting use of the park for PA. Facilities in 32 parks from 4 neighborhoods were audited and LUD around each park was calculated based on the residential, commercial, and institutional hectares within a 500 m polygon buffer. Physical activity log data from 384 adults in the 4 neighborhoods were used to determine which parks were used (18) or not used (14) for PA during the study week. Parks were categorized into four groups (e.g., high LUD/high facilities) using the medians for LUD and number of facilities. Unexpectedly, greater LUD within a park's buffer was related to a lesser likelihood of the park being used for PA. Parks with low LUD and a higher number of facilities were most likely to be used for PA. Some elements contributing to higher LUD around parks may deter PA therein (e.g., commercial areas with busy streets), but greater surrounding LUD may be related to PA in parks among younger or older populations or to other non-active park behaviors.

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    • "It has been recommended that people who are physically inactive should start with short sessions (5–10 minutes) of PA before building-up to longer durations of activity [18], and even walking at a brisk pace for 5 (~500 m) [13,14,21] or 10 minutes (~1 km) may be associated with significant health benefits [18]. In a buffer zone of 500 m fixed at the centroid of the respondent’s postal code address, higher residential density and intersection frequency was associated with greater odds of engaging in walking or cycling for transportation purposes, whereas intersection frequency was associated with walking or cycling for leisure-time. "
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    BMC Public Health 07/2014; 14(1):693. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-14-693 · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    • "For example, the land use mix near the POS would stimulate residents to walk through the neighborhood to use shops and services in the neighborhood, which could facilitate park use. However, evidence shows an inverse association between the land use mix and park use [13]. In fact, the perception of aesthetics, street quality, traffic safety, crime and lighting of the neighborhood were associated with POS use among Australian and American adults [3,14,15]. "
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    • "Moreover, residentially segregated areas and economically disinvested communities may be gatekeepers for health-promoting resources because of a lack of social infrastructure. Research has shown that segregated areas lack convenient access to stores (Zenk et al., 2005), places to exercise (Kaczynski et al., 2010) and quality health care facilities (Williams and Collins, 2001). In addition, segregated areas have been associated with a higher risk of exposure to crime and environmental hazards, which are sources of stress on a daily basis (Acevedo-Garcia et al., 2003). "
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