Neighborhood land use diversity and physical activity in adjacent parks

Department of Kinesiology, Community Health Institute, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.
Health & Place (Impact Factor: 2.44). 11/2009; 16(2):413-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.11.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Park availability and land use diversity (LUD) are independent environmental correlates of physical activity (PA). This paper investigated whether parks were more likely to be used for PA if surrounded by greater LUD, as well as the interaction of LUD with the number of facilities in the park for predicting use of the park for PA. Facilities in 32 parks from 4 neighborhoods were audited and LUD around each park was calculated based on the residential, commercial, and institutional hectares within a 500 m polygon buffer. Physical activity log data from 384 adults in the 4 neighborhoods were used to determine which parks were used (18) or not used (14) for PA during the study week. Parks were categorized into four groups (e.g., high LUD/high facilities) using the medians for LUD and number of facilities. Unexpectedly, greater LUD within a park's buffer was related to a lesser likelihood of the park being used for PA. Parks with low LUD and a higher number of facilities were most likely to be used for PA. Some elements contributing to higher LUD around parks may deter PA therein (e.g., commercial areas with busy streets), but greater surrounding LUD may be related to PA in parks among younger or older populations or to other non-active park behaviors.

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Available from: Amanda J Johnson, May 09, 2014
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    • "It has been recommended that people who are physically inactive should start with short sessions (5–10 minutes) of PA before building-up to longer durations of activity [18], and even walking at a brisk pace for 5 (~500 m) [13,14,21] or 10 minutes (~1 km) may be associated with significant health benefits [18]. In a buffer zone of 500 m fixed at the centroid of the respondent’s postal code address, higher residential density and intersection frequency was associated with greater odds of engaging in walking or cycling for transportation purposes, whereas intersection frequency was associated with walking or cycling for leisure-time. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Many aspects of the built, physical environment have been shown to be associated with physical activity, but little research has focused on the unique circumstances and urban form of the suburban environment. The following analyses explore the associations between features of the built environment and components of overall physical activity, after accounting for neighborhood variability using hierarchical linear modeling. Methods These analyses utilized regionally-specific Geographic Information Systems data along with health measures collected from the 2007–8 Canadian Community Health Survey. Linear and logistic regression models explored the associations between measures of the built environment with leisure-time and transport-related physical activity. Results Respondents living with the highest number of intersections were more likely to engage in walking or cycling for leisure (OR: 1.85 CI 95%: 1.23-2.78), and in general, those living in areas with higher residential density were more likely to engage in active modes of transportation (OR: 2.67, CI 95%: 1.34-5.34). Conclusions Further analyses are necessary to clarify the extent to which modifications to such features of the built environment may improve physical activity participation in similar suburban communities.
    BMC Public Health 07/2014; 14(1):693. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-14-693 · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    • "For example, the land use mix near the POS would stimulate residents to walk through the neighborhood to use shops and services in the neighborhood, which could facilitate park use. However, evidence shows an inverse association between the land use mix and park use [13]. In fact, the perception of aesthetics, street quality, traffic safety, crime and lighting of the neighborhood were associated with POS use among Australian and American adults [3,14,15]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the perceived environment and the use of public open spaces (POS). Methods A cross-sectional study with household surveys was conducted in 1,461 adults from Curitiba, Brazil interviewed in person. The perceived environment was evaluated with the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, and the POS use was evaluated using the ordinal scale (increased use). Results The presence of interesting objects, heavy traffic, and the number of positive attributes of the environment was positively associated with POS use among men, and the presence of trees was associated with the use among women. Conclusions Managers should invest in the architectural attractiveness of neighborhoods and should plant and conserve trees to encourage POS use.
    International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 03/2013; 10(35). DOI:10.1186/1479-5868-10-35 · 3.68 Impact Factor
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    • "Moreover, residentially segregated areas and economically disinvested communities may be gatekeepers for health-promoting resources because of a lack of social infrastructure. Research has shown that segregated areas lack convenient access to stores (Zenk et al., 2005), places to exercise (Kaczynski et al., 2010) and quality health care facilities (Williams and Collins, 2001). In addition, segregated areas have been associated with a higher risk of exposure to crime and environmental hazards, which are sources of stress on a daily basis (Acevedo-Garcia et al., 2003). "
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    ABSTRACT: Demographic and epidemiologic research suggest that cardiovascular illness is negatively linked to socioeconomic status and positively related to racial residential segregation. Relying on 2005 data from the Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance Survey and the American Community Survey, this study examines how segregation and SES (individual and metropolitan) impact hypertension for a sample of 200,102 individuals. Multilevel analyses indicate that both segregation and hypersegregation are associated with hypertension, net of individual and spatial SES. While individual and metropolitan SES have independent effects on hypertension, these effects also differ across segregation type. In segregated and hypersegregated environments, highly educated and high-earning individuals seem to be protected against hypertension. In extremely hypersegregated areas, areas where there is very little interaction with non-black residents, SES does not have any protective benefit. These findings reveal that SES has differential effects across segregation types and that hypertension in disadvantaged (extremely hypersegregated) areas may be a function of structural constraints rather than socioeconomic position.
    Health & Place 03/2013; 22C:56-67. DOI:10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.02.009 · 2.44 Impact Factor
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