Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy

Division of Surgical Oncology, University of Minnesota Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.
Journal of the American College of Surgeons (Impact Factor: 4.45). 12/2009; 209(6):758-65; quiz 800. DOI: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2009.08.021
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic management of distal pancreatic malignancies has been slow to gain a foothold in all but high-volume tertiary referral centers. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and outcomes of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) performed in a low-volume community hospital by a diverse group of surgeons, none of whom have a specialized laparoscopic background. We conducted a retrospective review of all patients who underwent open distal pancreatectomies (ODPs) and LDPs between August 2001 and June 2008. Data included type of surgery, open versus laparoscopy, demographics, operative time, blood loss, length of hospital stay, histopathologic diagnosis, postoperative complications, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, and mortality. Twenty-seven patients with pancreatic masses underwent distal pancreatic resection during the study period. Fifty-nine percent (n = 16) underwent LDP, and 41% (n = 11) underwent ODP. Mean patient age was 66 y (range, 40 to 86) for the LDP group and 62 (range, 40 to 84) for the ODP group. Mean operative time was 231 min (range, 195 to 305) for LDP and 240 (range, 150 to 210) for the ODP technique. Mean length of stay for LDP and ODP was 8 (range, 3 to 22) and 12 d (range, 5 to 2), respectively. Morbidity was 25% (n = 4) in the LDP group and 36% (n = 4) in the ODP group. None of the differences between the LDP and ODP groups were statistically significant. No mortalities occurred in either group. This study supports the idea that LDP can be safely and effectively performed by any surgeon comfortable with basic laparoscopy and may not require specialized training or a specialized center. Further data are required to make more definitive conclusions.
    JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons 01/2012; 16(4):549-51. DOI:10.4293/108680812X13462882736943 · 0.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Almost 10 years have passed since computer-aided, most commonly known as robotic surgery, has emerged gaining slowly but steadily its place within minimally invasive surgical procedures. Nevertheless, pancreatic surgeons only recently have started incorporating it into current practice. In this 'how I do it' article, we describe our method for robotic distal splenopancreatectomy, focusing on its technical advantages, as well as its drawbacks. Furthermore, we describe some pitfalls commonly encountered during the procedure and we propose ways to avoid them. Pancreatic robotic-assisted surgery is offering many practical advantages over the "classic" laparoscopic approach. Even though a difficult procedure to master, it may have the potential to establish the concept of minimally invasive surgery in areas where it is nonexistent as in pancreatic surgery.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 05/2010; 14(8):1326-30. DOI:10.1007/s11605-010-1214-y · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Precise and expedient localization of small pancreatic tumors during laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy can be difficult owing to the decreased tactile ability of laparoscopy and the homogenous appearance of the surrounding retroperitoneal fat. Precise localization of the lesion is critical to achieving adequate margins of resection while preserving as much healthy pancreas as possible. The objective in this study was to determine the effect of endoscopic tattooing of the distal pancreas on operative time. We reviewed retrospectively 36 consecutive patients who had a laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy at our institution over a 4-year period (2006-2009). Ten patients underwent preoperative tattooing via an endoscopic transgastric technique using ultrasound guidance. The tattoo was performed using 2-4 cc of sterile purified carbon particles injected immediately proximal and anterior to the pancreatic lesion. Operative times were compared according to the presence of a tattoo. The endoscopically placed tattoo was easily visible upon entering the lesser sac in all 10 patients at laparoscopy. Patients with a tattoo had a shorter operative time (median, 128.5 minutes; range, 53-180) compared with patients without a tattoo (median, 180 minutes; range, 120-240; P < .01). None of the tattoo group required repeat surgery, whereas 1 patient who was not tattooed required re-resection for a lesion missed in the initial specimen. There were no complications associated with the endoscopic ultrasound-guided tattoo. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided tattooing of pancreas lesions before a laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy is safe and is associated with decreased operative time compared with nontattooed patients. This technique can allow for quick and precise localization of the lesion, allowing for optimal preservation of pancreas parenchyma and demarcating an appropriate line of resection.
    Surgery 08/2010; 148(2):371-7. DOI:10.1016/j.surg.2010.04.008 · 3.11 Impact Factor
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