Article

Fototerapia para la ictericia neonatal

Revista del Hospital Materno Infantil Ramón Sardá 01/2008;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Este artículo del Journal comienza con un caso de ejemplo que incluye una recomendación terapéutica. A continuación, se presenta una discusión del problema clínico y del mecanismo de beneficio de este tipo de tratamiento. También se comentan los principales estudios clínicos, el uso clínico de este tratamiento y sus posibles efectos adversos. Se presentan pautas formales relevantes, de existir. El artículo finaliza con las recomendaciones clínicas de los autores.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
165 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neonatal jaundice is the result of an imbalance between bilirubin production and elimination, and our objective was to clarify the contribution of an increase in bilirubin production to hyperbilirubinemia in newborns. We measured the end-tidal carbon monoxide concentration corrected for ambient carbon monoxide concentration in 108 jaundiced newborns (total serum bilirubin level >75th percentile) and 164 control newborns in our well-infant nursery, for the first 4 days after birth. Mean end-tidal carbon monoxide levels decreased in the control infants in the first 4 days but increased in the hyperbilirubinemic group. The differences between the jaundiced and nonjaundiced infants were statistically significant on all days. Before hospital discharge, most infants with bilirubin levels >75th percentile are producing significantly more bilirubin than those with lower bilirubin levels. Because the ability of newborns to conjugate bilirubin is significantly impaired in the first few days, even a small increase in the rate of production can contribute to the development of hyperbilirubinemia. These data suggest that increased heme catabolism is an important mechanism responsible for hyperbilirubinemia in the first 4 days after birth.
    PEDIATRICS 07/2006; 118(1):276-9. · 4.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the frequency and interhospital variation of bilirubin testing and identified hyperbilirubinemia in a large health maintenance organization. Retrospective cohort study. Eleven Northern California Kaiser Permanente hospitals. A total of 51,387 infants born in 1995-1996 at >/= 36 weeks' gestation and >/= 2000 g. Bilirubin tests and maximum bilirubin levels recorded in the first month after birth. The proportion of infants receiving >/= 1 bilirubin test varied across hospitals from 17% to 52%. The frequency of bilirubin levels >/= 20 mg/dL (342 micromol/L) varied from .9% to 3.4% (mean: 2.0%), but was not associated with the frequency of bilirubin testing (R(2) = .02). Maximum bilirubin levels >/= 25 mg/dL (428 micromol/L) were identified in.15% of infants and levels >/= 30 mg/dL (513 micromol/L) in .01%. Significant interhospital differences exist in bilirubin testing and frequency of identified hyperbilirubinemia. Bilirubin levels >/=20 mg/dL were commonly identified, but levels >/= 25 mg/dL were not.
    Pediatrics 11/1999; 104(5 Pt 2):1198-203. · 5.12 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Kernicterus is a rare but devastating condition. The prevention of bilirubin-induced brain injury is based on the detection of infants at risk for developing severe hyperbilirubinemia. In an 18-hospital health system, Intermountain Health Care (IHC), we initiated a program of predischarge bilirubin screening of all neonates and coupled this with a results assessment using a percentile-based nomogram. Data during 2 periods of time, before versus after initiating the program, were compared to assess the effect of the program on significant hyperbilirubinemia and rehospitalization. We conducted a historic cohort study involving all neonates delivered at > or =35 weeks' gestation, within IHC's 18-hospital system, during 2 periods of time: March 1, 2001, to December 31, 2002, versus January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2004. A bilirubin screening program, instituted in December 2002, called for a total serum bilirubin (TSB) or transcutaneous bilirubin measurement to be performed on every neonate either at the recognition of clinical jaundice or before discharge regardless of whether jaundice was observed. For nonjaundiced neonates, the nursery staff was encouraged to obtain the screening TSB at the same time they obtained the state-mandated newborn screen for inborn errors of metabolism. Bilirubin values were plotted on an hour-specific nomogram and the corresponding percentile was used to guide evaluation, therapy, and follow-up. This study compared TSB data and readmission data for a 2-year period before versus a 2-year period after implementing the program. The study involved 101272 neonates: 48789 in period 1 and 52483 in period 2. Before the program, 1 in every 77 neonates born at an IHC hospital had 1 or more serum bilirubin levels >20 mg/dL. After initiating the program, the incidence fell to 1 in 142 and the number of neonates with a level >25 mg/dL fell from 1 in 1522 before to 1 in 4037 after. The rate of hospital readmission with a primary diagnosis of jaundice fell from 0.55% in period 1 to 0.43% in period 2. Initiating a program of bilirubin screening in a multihospital health system, coupled with evaluating the results using a percentile-based nomogram, reduced the proportion of neonates with significant hyperbilirubinemia and reduced the rate of hospital readmissions with jaundice.
    PEDIATRICS 06/2006; 117(5):e855-62. · 4.47 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
5 Downloads
Available from