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El modelo ecológico de Bronfrenbrenner como marco teórico de la psicooncología

Anales de Psicología (Impact Factor: 0.55).
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ABSTRACT La Psicooncología es una disciplina reciente que carece de un marco teórico propio. En su lugar se ha ido nutriendo de otras disciplinas de la Psicología como la Psicopatología o la Psicología de la Salud. Nosotros planteamos en nuestro trabajo que una alternativa válida para afrontar el tratamiento y sobre todo la investigación con pacientes oncológicos podría ser el Modelo Ecológico de Bronfrenbrenner. Este modelo nos permite evaluar e intervenir en todas aquellas variables que inciden directa o indirectamente sobre el paciente. Variables que van a ser decisivas a la hora de que la persona se adapte a su enfermedad y que en muchas ocasiones olvidamos cuando planificamos una intervención o investigación.

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    ABSTRACT: Health requires the use of conceptual frameworks in order to understand it in its entirety and all its complexity. The ecological model of Bronfenbrenner is presented as a tool to collect the different variables involved in the conceptualisation of health. The research shows health discourses and lifestyles referred to by a group of adolescents from an ecological, salutogenic and cross-cultural perspective in order to build health education models derived from their own worldviews. To achieve this aim, photovoice was used as a methodological tool and the results were analysed using the qualitative data analysis program Atlas-Ti 7. The results show an adaptation of Bronfenbrenner's ecological model that stems from its application on speeches on health.
    Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 05/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.04.277
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: to identify literature and bibliographical evidence regarding, the use of music as a tool during social inclusion processes of people with disabilities; this was done in order to obtain and supply theoretical bases to the project which pertains and arises from the agreement between the Fundación Saldarriaga Concha and the Fundación Nacional Batuta. Materials and methods: as the research strategy implemented during the investigation, "music", "inclusion" and "disability" with the Boolean AND were used as the search criteria in three different databases: Ebsco, Medline and Lilacs. The analysis was elaborated considering the frequency of different variables/ characteristics of the articles such as, journal, country, type of study and the year it was published. Twenty two articles met the search criteria defined by the authors. Results: the results indicated that the database which contained the most amount of evidence is Ebsco, specifically in the Music Educators Journal, during the years of 2004-2006 (40,9%) and the majority of articles were published in the United States (81,8%). The most common and frequent type of study found was the subject review (86,4%), mainly incorporating search topics like music-disability. Agreeing with Rumbo, Aranton and García, the level of evidence of the analyzed documents is generally 3, indicating that, above all, the studies tend to be descriptive and based on the opinion of experts. Conclusions: after systematically carrying out the research, it is possible to conclude that the publications which consider the use of music as a tool to facilitate social inclusion processes in children and teenagers, is low. Due to the results obtained, it is strongly suggested that, writers begin to systemize and publish the results evidenced in this field of Occupational Therapy. This paper provides a possible route for future research regarding the topic.
    Revista Ciencias de la Salud 04/2013; 11(1):45-58.

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Jun 3, 2014