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Relevancia de los estilos de personalidad y las metas personales en la predicción de la satisfacción vital

Source: OAI

ABSTRACT En este artículo se examina el papel de los estilos de personalidad y las metas personales en la predicción de la satisfacción vital. Actualmente se considera que la personalidad es un complejo sistema que puede analizarse desde diferentes niveles y unidades de análisis. Los estilos de personalidad constituyen las unidades más estables, mientras que las metas son consideradas como unidades mediadoras que representarían la parte más dinámica de la personalidad. Distintos autores contemplan la relación entre estas unidades como un acercamiento al estudio de la coherencia de la personalidad. El estudio de las variables relacionadas con el bienestar permite analizar la relación entre diferentes unidades de análisis (estilos y metas), tal y como se contempla en el modelo ecológico-social de Little (1999). En este trabajo de investigación han participado 120 mujeres universitarias argentinas. Se ha utilizado el Inventario Millon de Estilos de Personalidad (MIPS), la evaluación de distintas dimensiones de las Metas Personales, así como la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida (SWLS). Los resultados indican que la consideración de las unidades mediadoras (metas personales) y las disposiciones (estilos de personalidad) permiten predecir un alto porcentaje de la varianza de la satisfacción. La percepción de apoyo familiar para realizar las metas personales y la orientación al placer muestran una estrecha relación con la satisfacción vital.

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May 27, 2014