Conference Paper

A generalized approach to supervisor synthesis

Inst. for Comput. Design & Fault Tolerance, Karlsruhe Univ., Germany
DOI: 10.1109/MEMCOD.2003.1210106 Conference: Formal Methods and Models for Co-Design, 2003. MEMOCODE '03. Proceedings. First ACM and IEEE International Conference on
Source: DBLP

ABSTRACT We present a generalization of the supervisory control problem proposed by Ramadge and Wonham. The objective of that problem is to synthesize a controller, which constrains a system's behavior according to a given specification, ensuring controllability and co-accessibility. By introducing a new representation of the solution using systems of μ-calculus equations we are able to handle these two conditions separately and thus to exchange the co-accessibility requirement by any μ-calculus expression. Well-known results on the complexity of μ-calculus model checking allow us to easily assess the computational complexity of any generalization. As an example we solve the synthesis problem under consideration of fairness constraints.

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    ABSTRACT: Verification procedures, which check whether a given system satisfies a given specification, are nowadays mature for industrial usage. The more general supervisor synthesis problem asks how a system has to be restricted or which actions have to be selected such that the system satisfies a given specification. Supervisor synthesis problems are often formulated in frameworks like game structures that are more general than the Kripke structures that are traditionally used in verification. For this reason, current verification tools can not be used for supervisory control problems. In this paper, however, we present a reduction of alternating time μ-calculus model checking problems (on game structures) to model checking problems of the μ-calculus on Kripke structures. As a result, arbitrary model checkers can be used to solve supervisor synthesis problems. As a demonstration of the applicability of our approach, we show how the classical supervisory control problems of Ramadge and Wonham can be solved within our framework.
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents and analyzes a correct and complete translation algorithm that converts a class of propositional linear-time temporal-logic (PTL) formulae to deterministic finite (-trace) automata. The translation algorithm is proposed as a specification interface for finitary control design of discrete-event systems (DESs). While there has been a lot of computer science research that connects PTL formulae to omega-automata, there is relatively little prior work that translates state-based PTL formulae in the context of a finite-state DES model, to event-based finite automata-the formalism on which well-established control synthesis methods exist. The proposed translation allows control requirements to be more easily described and understood in temporal logic, widely recognized as a useful specification language for its intuitively appealing operators that provide the natural-language expressiveness and readability needed to express and explain these requirements. Adding such a translation interface could therefore effectively combine specifiability and readability in temporal logic with prescriptiveness and computability in finite automata. The former temporal-logic features support specification while the latter automata features support the prescription of DES dynamics and algorithmic computations. A practical implementation of the interface has been developed, providing an enabling technology for writing readable control specifications in PTL that it translates for discrete-event control synthesis in deterministic finite automata. Two application examples illustrate the use of the proposed temporal-logic interface. Practical implications of the complexity of the translation algorithm are discussed.
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