UASB Process design for various types of wastewaters.

Proc. IAWPRC Int. Specialized Workshop, Valladolid, 1990. Water Sci. Technol. 24,8 (1991) 87-109 01/1991;
Source: OAI
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    ABSTRACT: During the treatment of raw domestic wastewater in the upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor, the suspended solids (SS) present in the wastewater tend to influence negatively the methanogenic activity and the chemical oxygen demand (COD) conversion efficiency. These problems led to the emergence of various anaerobic sludge bed systems such as the expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB), the upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB)-septic tank, the hydrolysis upflow sludge bed (HUSB), the two-stage reactor and the anaerobic hybrid (AH) reactor. However, these systems have, like the UASB reactor, limited performance with regard to complete treatment (e.g., removal of pathogens). In this respect, a new integrated approach for the anaerobic treatment of domestic wastewater is suggested. This approach combines a UASB reactor and a conventional completely stirred tank reactor (CSTR) for the treatment of the wastewater low in SS and sedimented primary sludge, respectively. The principal advantages of the proposed system are energy recovery from organic waste in an environmentally friendly way; lowering the negative effect of suspended solids in the UASB reactor; production of a high quality effluent for irrigation; and prevention of odour problems.
    World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 01/1999; 15(5):523-534. · 1.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Modern high-rate anaerobic wastewater treatment processes are rapidly becoming popular for industrial wastewater treatment. However, until recently stable process conditions could not be guaranteed for alcoholic wastewaters containing higher concentrations of methanol. Although methanol can be directly converted into methane by methanogens, under specific conditions it can also be converted into acetate and butyrate by acetogens. The accumulation of volatile fatty acids can lead to reactor instability in a weakly buffered reactor. Since this process was insufficiently understood, the application of high-rate anaerobic reactors was highly questionable. This research investigated the environmental factors that are of importance in the predominance of methylotrophic methanogens over acetogens in a natural mixed culture during anaerobic wastewater treatment in upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactors. Technological and microbiological aspects were investigated. Additionally, the route by which methanol is converted into methane is also presented
    Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering 01/1997; · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the organic loading rate on the performance of an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor treating olive mill effluent (OME), based on the following indicators: (i) chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency; and (ii) effluent variability (phenol, suspended solids, volatile fatty acids, and pH stability). The UASB reactor was operated under different operational conditions (OLRs between 0.45 and 32 kg COD/m3·day) for 477 days. The results demonstrated that the UASB reactor could tolerate high influent COD concentrations. Removal efficiencies for the studied pollution parameters were found to be as follows: COD, 47∼92%; total phenol, 34∼75%; color, 6∼46%; suspended solids, 34∼76%. The levels of VFAs in the influent varied between 310 and 1,750 mg/L. Our measurements of the VFA levels indicated that some of the effluent COD could be attributed to VFAs (principally acetate, butyrate, iso-butyrate, and propionate) in the effluent, which occurred at levels between 345 and 2,420 mg/L. As the OLRs were increased, more VFAs were measured in the effluent. A COD removal efficiency of 90% could be achieved as long as OLR was kept at a level of less than 10 kg COD/m3·day. However, a secondary treatment unit for polishing purposes is necessary to comply with discharge standards.
    Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 01/2009; 14(1):99-104. · 1.28 Impact Factor