Electronic aids for daily living.

Department of Rehabilitation Science and Technology, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Suite 5044, Forbes Tower, Atwood and Sennott Streets, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA.
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America (Impact Factor: 1.48). 02/2010; 21(1):33-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.pmr.2009.07.008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Electronic aids to daily living (EADLs) are devices that facilitate the operation of electrical appliances in a given environment for a person with a severe physical disability. These specialized devices can provide tremendous psychological and functional benefits to someone with a severe disability, their family members and caregivers. This article provides an overview of the utility, functionality, access, acquisition, and evaluation of EADLs. It also highlights challenges in obtaining and measuring the benefits of these devices.

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    ABSTRACT: The authors investigated usage patterns of environmental control units (ECUs) by severely disabled individuals in their homes and evaluated the effect of ECUs on families and caregivers. Five modular ECUs with internal data loggers were built and placed into the homes of volunteering subjects. Each week, for 16 weeks, the data of every single ECU activity were uploaded, the data logger was reset, and the subjects were questioned about their experience with the ECU. Evaluating the data showed the most important ECU functions to be telephone and attendant call, both for the disabled individual as well as the care-giver. The most used functions, on the other hand, were the control of various entertainment devices such as television sets, stereos, and VCRs. Disabled individuals with a positive outlook on life use an ECU more frequently and, therefore, benefit more from an ECU than passive and resigned users. Finally, the families and care-givers of disabled persons appreciate the benefits of ECUs as much as the disabled users did themselves
    IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering 07/1995;
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    ABSTRACT: It is generally accepted that electronic aids to daily living (EADLs) play an important role in the lives of many people with severe disabilities by providing the means to access and control devices for daily living activities. Despite this, little proof exists to support the contention that consumers are satisfied with relevant aspects of these assistive devices. The purpose of this study was to explore consumer satisfaction with EADLs and investigate the value that people with degenerative neuromuscular conditions place on these technologies. Interviews were conducted with 40 EADL users and non-users to compare their views about these devices and their daily life experiences. Users were interviewed twice, six months apart, to establish the stability of their views and experiences with EADLs. The Functional Independence Measure (FIM instrument), the personal profile and Quebec User Evaluation of Satisfaction with assistive Technology (QUEST) were administered to determine functional levels of participants, gather personal data pertinent to the study of device utility and explore user satisfaction with EADLs. Results suggest that overall consumers were quite satisfied with their EADLs and that this was relatively stable over time. However, some consumers expressed concerns regarding the cost of these technologies and their associated services. Both users and non-users rated EADLs similarly in relation to relative degree of importance ascribed to them. Combining the QUEST with outcome measurement tools that explore other important dimensions such as the effect on quality of life and psychosocial impact will help service providers to justify the costs associated with the prescription of sophisticated, costly assistive devices such as EADLs.
    Disability and Rehabilitation 01/2002; 24(1-3):115-25. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Technology abandonment may have serious repercussions for individuals with disabilities and for society. The purpose of this study was to determine how technology users decide to accept or reject assistive devices. Two hundred twenty-seven adults with various disabilities responded to a survey on device selection, acquisition, performance, and use. Results showed that 29.3% of all devices were completely abandoned. Mobility aids were more frequently abandoned than other categories of devices, and abandonment rates were highest during the first year and after 5 years of use. Four factors were significantly related to abandonment--lack of consideration of user opinion in selection, easy device procurement, poor device performance, and change in user needs or priorities. These findings suggest that technology-related policies and services need to emphasize consumer involvement and long-term needs of consumers to reduce device abandonment and enhance consumer satisfaction.
    Assistive technology: the official journal of RESNA 02/1993; 5(1):36-45. · 0.51 Impact Factor


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