The prevalence of osteoporosis, osteopenia, and fractures among adults with cystic fibrosis: a systematic literature review with meta-analysis.
ABSTRACT Observational studies have indicated a high but heterogeneous prevalence of low bone mineral density for adult patients with cystic fibrosis. Fracture complications were also described. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis, osteopenia, and fractures among adult patients with cystic fibrosis. A systematic literature review was conducted using electronic databases. The keywords used were "cystic fibrosis [MeSH] AND bone density." Original studies were eligible if they reported the prevalence of osteoporosis and/or osteopenia and/or fractures in adult patients with cystic fibrosis. A meta-analysis of pooled proportions was performed. Heterogeneity was tested with the Cochran Q statistic, and in the case of heterogeneity a random effect model was used. Of 117 studies, 12 were selected, i.e., that represented a total of 1055 patients. Mean age ranged from 18.5 to 32 years (median: 28.2 years). Mean body mass index ranged from 19.9 to 22.4 (median: 20.7); 53.8% were men. The pooled prevalence of osteoporosis in adults with cystic fibrosis was 23.5% (95% CI, 16.6-31.0). The pooled prevalence of osteopenia was 38% (95% CI, 28.2-48.3). The pooled prevalences of radiological vertebral fractures and nonvertebral fractures were 14% (95% CI, 7.8-21.7) and 19.7% (95% CI, 6.0-38.8), respectively. In conclusion, this systematic literature review with meta-analysis emphasized the high prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in young adults with cystic fibrosis. The prevalence of fracture was also high.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction. Bone disease is a common complication of cystic fibrosis (CF). To date, there have been no reports on the effectiveness of teriparatide, recombinant human parathyroid hormone, to treat CF-related bone disease. Case Presentation. We report on four patients with CF-related bone disease who were treated with teriparatide. Three patients completed two years of therapy with teriparatide, and all had significant improvements in their bone mineral density (BMD). One patient was unable to tolerate teriparatide and discontinued treatment 1 week into therapy. Conclusion. Teriparatide may be a potential treatment option for CF-related bone disease. This report highlights the need for further investigation into the use of teripartide in the CF population.01/2014; 2014:893589. DOI:10.1155/2014/893589
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ABSTRACT: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disorder which despite advances in medical care continues to be a life-limiting and often fatal disease. With increase in life expectancy of the CF population, bone disease has emerged as a common complication. Unlike the osteoporosis seen in postmenopausal population, bone disease in CF begins at a young age and is associated with significant morbidity due to fractures, kyphosis, increased pain, and decreased lung function. The maintenance of bone health is essential for the CF population during their lives to prevent pain and fractures but also as they approach lung transplantation since severe bone disease can lead to exclusion from lung transplantation. Early recognition, prevention, and treatment are key to maintaining optimal bone health in CF patients and often require a multidisciplinary approach. This article will review the pathophysiology, current clinical practice guidelines, and potential future therapies for treating CF-related bone disease.12/2010; 2011:926045. DOI:10.4061/2011/926045
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ABSTRACT: Dysfunction of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in humans is frequently associated with progressive liver disease, which appears to result from obstruction of biliary ducts with mucous material. CFTR in the liver is expressed in the biliary epithelium. With the use of a mouse model for cystic fibrosis (CF) we have studied the relationship between CFTR expression and glycoprotein secretion in primary culture of mouse gallbladder epithelial cells (MGBC) MGBC in culture maintain a well-differentiated phenotype as shown by microscopy. The cells produce CFTR mRNA to levels comparable to the intact tissue. With patch-clamp analysis we could frequently observe a linear protein kinase A-regulated Cl- channel that shows all the major characteristics of human CFTR, although its conductance is lower (5 pS compared with 8 pS). MGBC in culture produce and secrete high molecular weight glycoproteins (HMG) in a time-dependent and temperature-sensitive manner. Secretion of HMG was not stimulated significantly by either adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP), Ca2+, or protein kinase C agonists in this system. High concentrations (3 mM) of extracellular ATP stimulated secretion threefold, but low concentrations (0.3 mM) had no effect. Approximately one-third of the HMG produced and secreted consisted of mucin. Cultured MGBC from CFTR-deficient mice produced and secreted mucin to a similar extent as normal cells. We conclude that cultured mouse gallbladder cells are a convenient model to study both CFTR function and mucin secretion. In this system, we found no evidence for a direct link between mucin secretion and CFTR activity, as has been suggested for other cell types.The American journal of physiology 01/1997; 271(6 Pt 1):G1074-83. · 3.28 Impact Factor